South is a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. It is one of the four cardinal directions or compass points. South the polar opposite of north and is perpendicular to east and west.
The word south
is derived from the name of one of the four dwarves in Norse mythology
, Norðri, Suðri, Austri and Vestri
, who each represented one of the directions of the world.
, the bottom side of a map
is south, although
exist that defy this convention.
To go south using a compass for navigation
, set a bearing
of 180°. Alternatively, in the Northern Hemisphere
will be roughly in the south at midday
True south is the direction towards the southern end of the axis about which the earth
rotates, called the South Pole
. The South Pole is located in Antarctica
. Magnetic south
is the direction towards the south magnetic pole
, some distance away from the south geographic pole.
Roald Amundsen was the first to reach the south pole, on 14 December 1911, after Ernest Shackleton was forced to turn back some distance short.
The Global South
refers to the less socially and economically developed southern half of the globe. 95% of the Global North has enough food and shelter, and a functioning education system.
[ In the South, on the other hand, only 5% of the population has enough food and shelter. It "lacks appropriate technology, it has no political stability, the economies are disarticulated, and their foreign exchange earnings depend on primary product exports."]
The South may also refer to the Southern United States, separated from the Northeastern United States by the Mason–Dixon line. Alternatively, it may refer to the South of England, which is politically and economically unmatched with the North of England.
In the card game bridge, one of the players is known for scoring purposes as South. South partners with North and plays against East and West.