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East or Orient is one of the four cardinal directions or points of the compass. It is the opposite direction from .


Etymology
As in other languages, the word is formed from the fact that east is direction where the Sun rises: east comes from est, from ēast, which itself comes from the Proto-Germanic * aus-to- or * austra- "east, toward the sunrise", from Proto-Indo-European *aus- "to shine," or "dawn", cognate with Old High German *ōstar "to the east", aurora 'dawn', and ἠώς ēōs 'dawn, east'. Examples of the same formation in other languages include 'east, sunrise' from orior 'to rise, to originate', ανατολή 'east' from ἀνατέλλω 'to rise' and Hebrew מִזְרָח mizraḥ 'east' from זָרַח zaraḥ 'to rise, to shine'. Ēostre, a Germanic goddess of dawn, might have been a personification of both dawn and the cardinal points.


Navigation
By convention, the right hand side of a is east. This convention has developed from the use of a compass, which places at the top. However, on maps of planets such as and which rotate retrograde, the left hand side is east.

To go east using a compass for , one sets a bearing or of 90°.


Cultural
East is the direction toward which the rotates about its axis, and therefore the general direction from which the appears to rise. The practice of praying towards the East is older than , but has been adopted by this religion as the Orient was thought of as containing mankind's original home. Hence, some Christian churches have been traditionally oriented towards the east. This tradition of having the alter on the liturgical east is a part of the church orientation concept liturgical east and west.

The Orient is the East, traditionally comprising anything that belongs to the , in relation to Europe. In English, it is largely a for, and referring to the same area as, the continent of Asia, divided into the , , and . Despite this Eurocentric origin, these regions are still located to the east of the Geographical centre of Earth.

Within an individual city, the east end is typically poorer because the prevailing winds blow from the west.


See also


External links
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