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The Ozarks (also referred to as Ozarks Mountain Country, the Ozark Mountains, and the Ozark Plateau) are a and highland region of the central . It covers much of the southern half of and an extensive portion of northwestern and north central . The region also extends westward into northeastern and extreme southeastern . The of southwest , which lie near the eastern edge of this region, are commonly called the "Illinois Ozarks" but are generally not considered part of the true Ozarks.

Although referred to as the Ozark Mountains, the region is actually a high and deeply . Geologically, the area is a broad around the . The Ozark Highlands area, covering nearly , is by far the most extensive mountainous region between the and the . Together, the Ozarks and form an area known as the , and are sometimes referred to collectively. For example, the called includes the Ouachita Mountains, although the and the Ouachitas, both south of the , are not usually considered part of the Ozarks.


Etymology
Ozarks is a believed to be derived as a linguistic corruption of the abbreviation aux Arcs (short for aux Arkansas, or "of/at Arkansas" in English) (1967). Names on the Land: A Historical Account of Place-Naming in the United States, p. 137. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. in the decades prior to the , aux Arkansas originally referring to the at , located in wooded lowland area above the confluence of the with the .Randolph, Vance. The Ozarks: An American Survival of Primitive Society. New York: The Vanguard Press, p. 14. 1931.Arnold, Morris S. Unequal Laws Unto a Savage Race: European Legal Traditions in Arkansas, 1686-1836. University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville. 1985.Arnold, Morris S. Colonial Arkansas 1686-1804: A Social and Cultural History. University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville. 1991. "Arkansas" seems to be the French version of what the tribe (further up the Mississippi) called the , who lived in eastern Arkansas in the area of the trading post. Eventually, the term came to refer to all Ozark Plateau drainage into the Arkansas and .

An alternative origin for the name "Ozark" involves the French term aux arcs. In the later 17th and early 18th centuries, French cartographers mapped the and Mississippi Rivers. The large, top most arc or bend in this part of the Arkansas River was referred to as the aux arcs—the top or most northern arc in the whole of the lower Arkansas. Travelers arriving by boat would disembark at this top bend of the river to explore the Ozarks; the town of is located on the north bank at this location.

Other possible derivations include aux arcs meaning "landof the arches"E. Joan Wilson Miller. The naming of the land in the Arkansas Ozarks: A study in culture processes. Abstract Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 59 (2), 240–251. 1969. in reference to the dozens of formed by erosion and collapsed caves in the Ozark region. These include Clifty Hollow Natural Bridge (actually a series of arches) in Missouri,Watkins, Conor. Ozarks geology: Clifty Creek Natural Area includes natural bridge, The Ozarks Chronicle, Rolla, Mo. and Alum Cove in the . It is even suggested aux arcs is an abbreviation of aux arcs-en-ciel, French for "toward the rainbows" which are a common sight in the mountainous regions. After the , American travelers in the region referred to various features of the upland areas using the term Ozark, such as Ozark Mountains and Ozark forests. By the early 20th century, The Ozarks had become a generic term.McMillen, Margot Ford. A to Z Missouri: The Dictionary of Missouri Place Names, Columbia, Missouri: Pebble Publishing, 1996. ISBN 0-9646625-4-X


Geographic subdivisions
The Ozarks consist of four primary : the , , , and the . features such as ,Jerry D. Vineyard and Gerald L. Feder. Springs of Missouri. Missouri Department of Natural Resources and U.S. Geological Survey. 1974 (revised 1982). , and are common in the of the Springfield Plateau and abundant in the bedrock of the Salem Plateau and Boston Mountains. Karst, Springs and Caves in Missouri, Missouri Department of Natural Resources Missouri is known as "The Cave State" with over 6000 recorded caves; the majority of these caves are found in the Ozark counties. The Ozark Plateaus aquifer system affects groundwater movement in all areas except the igneous core of the St. Francois Mountains. Ozark Aquifer Map, United States Geological Survey.Rafferty, Milton. The Ozarks as a Region: A Geographer's Description, OzarksWatch, Vol. I, No. 4, Spring 1988. Project Tour - A quick visit to the Ozarks Stream Geomorphology Project, United States Geological Survey. Ground Water Atlas of the United States: Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska. Geographic features include limestone and dolomite , which are rocky, desert-like area on hilltops. Kept open by periodic fires that limit growth of and in shallow soil, glades are home to collared lizards, tarantulas, scorpions, cacti and other species more typical of the desert southwest. Spatial Interaction Webs in Ozark Glades. John Chase, Assistant Professor. Washington University in St. Louis.Ware, Stewart. Rock Outcrop Plant Communities (Glades) in the Ozarks: A Synthesis, Abstract. The Southwestern Naturalist, Vol. 47, No. 4 (Dec., 2002), pp. 585-597.

The Boston Mountains are the highest section of the Ozarks. The section is approximately wide and long bordered by the Salem Plateau to the north and Arkansas River Valley to the south. The surface rock of the Boston Mountains is the youngest of the four subdivisions; consisting mostly of early sandstones (such as the Batesville Sandstone), shales such as the , and some limestones. Summits can reach elevations of just over 2,560 feet (780 m) with valleys 500 to 1,550 feet (472 m) deep (150 m to 450 m). Turner Ward Knob is the highest named peak. Located in western , its elevation is 2,463 feet (751 m). Nearby, five unnamed peaks have elevations at or slightly above 2,560 feet (780 m). Drainage is primarily to the , with the exception of the . Many Ozark waterways have their headwaters in the uplands of the Boston formation, including the , , , and White rivers.

Topography is mostly gently rolling in the Springfield and Salem Plateaus, where the Saint Francois Range is more rugged. The Springfield formation's surface is primarily limestone and , where the Salem Plateau is older dolostones, limestones, and sandstones. Both are rife with karst topography and form long, flat plains. The formations are separated by steep escarpments that dramatically interrupt the rolling hills. Although much of the Springfield Plateau has been of the surface layers of the Boston Mountains, large remnants of these younger layers are present throughout the southern end of the formation, possibly suggesting a process. The Springfield Plateau drains through wide, mature streams ultimately feeding the White River.


Geology
The rises above the Ozark Plateau and is the geological core of the highland dome. The and rocks of the Saint Francois Mountains are the exposed remains of a mountain range. The mountains are the exposed portion of an extensive (the in part) of granitic and rhyolitic rocks dating from 1485 to 1350 that stretches from Ohio to western Oklahoma.Denison, Rodger E., et al., Geology and Geochemistry of the Precambrian Rocks in the Central Interior Region of the United States, Geological Survey Professional Paper 1241-C, 1984 The core of the range existed as an island in the seas. complexes occur in the sedimentary layers surrounding this ancient island. These flanking reefs were points of concentration for later -bearing fluids which formed the rich - ores that have been and continue to be in the area. The and volcanic rocks extend at depth under the relatively thin veneer of Paleozoic rocks and form the basal crust of the entire region.A. G. Unklesbay, Jerry D. Vineyard. Missouri Geology — Three Billion Years of Volcanoes, Seas, Sediments, and Erosion, University of Missouri Press, 1992. ISBN 0-8262-0836-3

A major in the region attests that the Ozarks was above sea level for several hundred million years from the time of the volcanism in the Precambrian until the mid- with an erosionally produced relief of up to 1500 feet. The seas encroached during the late Cambrian producing the LaMotte sandstone, thick, followed by sedimentation. formed around the granite and rhyolite islands in this Cambrian sea. This carbonate formation, the Bonneterre now mostly , is exposed around the St. Francis mountains, but extends in the subsurface throughout the Ozarks and reaches a thickness of . The Bonneterre is overlain by of dolomite, often sandy, silty or cherty, forming the Elvins Group and the Potosi and Eminence Formations. Withdrawal of the seas resulted in another unconformity during the latest Cambrian and early periods. mineralizing fluids formed the rich deposits of the during this time.

Sedimentation resumed in the with the deposition of the Gunter sandstone, the Gasconade dolomite and the prominent Roubidoux sandstone and dolomite. The sandstone of the Roubidoux forms prominent bluffs along the streams eroding into the southern part of the . The Roubidoux and Gunter sandstones serve as significant when present in the subsurface. The source of the sands is considered to be the emerging Wisconsin Dome to the northeast. The Ozark region remained as a subsiding shallow carbonate shelf environment with a significant thickness of cherty dolomites as the Jefferson City, Cotter and Powell formations.

Portions of the Ozark Plateau, the Springfield plateau of southwest Missouri and northern Arkansas, are underlain by limestones locally referred to as Boone chert consisting of limestone and chert layers. These are eroded and form steep hills, valleys and bluffs.

During the Period the Ozark Plateau was uplifted as a result of the . During the early Paleozoic a deep ocean basin existed in central and southern Arkansas. Then South America collided with North America creating the folded and uplifting the Ozark plateau to the north.


Ecology and conservation
Formal conservation in the region began when the was created by proclamation of President in 1908 to preserve across five Arkansas counties. Another would be added the following year. The initial forest included area as far south as and as far east as . In 1939, Congress established at nine sites in Missouri. Wildlife management areas were founded in the 1920s and 30s to restore populations to viable numbers. Land was also added to Ozark National Forest during this period, with over in total additions. Some land was reclaimed by the government through the during the . In 1976, Congress established , the first of 13 designated wilderness areas in the Ozarks. In 1986, Congress established the Ozark Plateau National Wildlife Refuge in northeast Oklahoma. Protected areas ensure the recovery of endangered and threatened species of animals and plants, including the , , eastern small-footed bat, southeastern bat, southeastern big-eared bat; , , Ozark cave , Bowman's cave , Ozark cave amphipod, bat cave ; and Ozark . It is a habitat of migratory birds and contains geological, archeological, historical, and paleontological resources.

Commercial farms and processing operations are known to raise levels of chemical and biological contaminants in Ozark streams, threatening water supplies, recreational use and endangered native species.


Lakes and streams
The lakes that were created by damming the beginning in 1911 with have provided a large tourist, boating and fishing economy along the Missouri-Arkansas border. Six lakes were created by dams in the White River basin from 1911 through 1960. White River lakes include Lake Sequoyah,Boss, Stephen K., Heil-Chapdelaine, Vanessa M. Mapping Landscape Change: An Historic and Bathymetric Study of Lake Sequoyah, Washington County, Arkansas a small recreational fishing lake east of , formed in 1961; Sequoyah is the uppermost impoundment on the White River. Below Sequoyah (northeast of Fayetteville) is , formed in 1960. The White River continues northeasterly into (1958) in Missouri, which feeds directly into Taneycomo, where the river southeasterly into Arkansas forming along the Arkansas-Missouri line. Completed in 1952, Bull Shoals is the furthest downstream lake on the White River proper. formed by damming the , a tributary of the White River, in 1941.

The , , and in the northern Ozarks were formed by impounding the and its tributary the in 1931, 1961 and 1979 respectively. in northeast was created in 1940. was formed by damming the near the city of in 1969 and supplements the water supply of in nearby . Most of the dams were built for the dual purpose of and generation.

The creation of the lakes significantly altered the Ozark landscape and impacted traditional Ozark culture through displacement.Watkins, Conor. The Meramec Basin Project: A Look Back 25 Years Later. Ozark Mountain Experience. Article 69 & 70 Combined. 2006. Mountain Home (Baxter County): The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture.Campbell, Rex R. Campbell, Mary. Hughes, Colleen. A Revolution in the Heartland: Changes in Rural Culture, Family and Communities, 1900–2000. University of Missouri: Department of Rural Sociology. Columbia, Missouri. 2004. The streams provided water and power to communities, farms and mills concentrated in the valleys prior to impoundment.E. Joan Wilson Miller. Abstract The Ozark Culture Region as Revealed by Traditional Materials. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Volume 58 Issue 1, Pages 51-77. 3 January 1967. Many farm roads, river fords and railways were lost when the lakes came, disrupting rural travel and commerce. alone saw nearly four-hundred people displaced to make way for the reservoir created by . The town of was relocated in its entirety to a spot two miles (3 km) from its previous location. Prior to damming, the White and Osage River basins were similar to the current conditions of the Buffalo, Elk, Niangua, Gasconade, Big Piney, Current, Jacks Fork, Eleven Point and Meramec rivers.

The was created by an Act of Congress in 1972 as the nation's first administered by the . The designation came after over a decade of battling a proposed Army Corps dam in the media, legislature, and courts to keep the river free flowing. Today, the Buffalo sees approximately 800,000 visitors camping, canoeing, floating, hiking, and tubing annually. In Missouri, the , was established in 1964 along the and rivers as the first US national park based on a river system. The is included in the established in 1968. These river parks annually draw a combined 1.5 million recreational tourists to the least populated counties in and .

Missouri Ozark rivers include the , Big Piney and the in the north central region. The and its tributaries Huzzah and Courtois Creeks are found in the northeastern Ozarks. The and Rivers mark the eastern crescent of the Ozarks. The , and Rivers are in south central Missouri. Forming the West central border of the Ozarks from Missouri through Kansas and into Oklahoma are and its tributary Center Creek. Grand Falls, Missouri's largest natural waterfall, a outcropping, includes bluffs and on Shoal Creek south of Joplin. All these river systems see heavy recreational use in season, including the in Southwest Missouri and its tributary .

Ozark rivers and streams are typically clear water, with sustained by many and and flow through forests along and bluffs. Gravel bars are common along shallow banks, while deep holes are found along bluffs.MS Panfil, RB Jacobson. Hydraulic Modeling of In-channel Habitats in the Ozark Highlands of Missouri: Assessment of Physical Habitat Sensitivity to Environmental Change. USGS-Biological Resources Division. Except during periods of heavy rain or snow melt – when water levels rise quite rapidly – their level of difficulty is suitable for most canoeing and tubing.

Fish hatcheries are common due to the abundance of springs and waterways. The was built in 1888; it was the first Federal hatchery. The , Missouri Department of Conservation, and operate numerous warm and cold water hatcheries and trout parks;http://mdc.mo.gov/areas/hatchery/ Missouri Fish Hatcheries and Trout Parks private hatcheries such as are found throughout the region.


Regional economy

Traditional economic activity
The Ozarks contain ore deposits of , , and . Many of these deposits have been depleted by historic mining activities, but much remains and is currently being mined in the of southeast Missouri. Historically the lead belt around the Saint Francois Mountains and the lead-zinc mining area around , have been very important sources of metals. Mining practices common in the early 20th century left significant abandoned underground mine problems and heavy metal contamination in topsoil and groundwater in the Tri-state district.Lasmanis, Raymond. Tri-State and Viburnum Trend Districts, Rocks & Minerals, 1 November 1997. GeoKansas: Lead and Zinc Mining, . Updated 5 May 2005.

Much of the area supports ranching, and farming is common across the area. Dairy farms are usually cooperative affairs, with small farms selling to a corporate wholesaler who packages product under a common brand for retail sales. exploration and extraction also takes place in the Oklahoma portion of the Ozarks, as well as in the east half of the Boston Mountains in Arkansas. of both and species on both private land and in the has long been an important economic activity.

The majority of the Ozarks is forested; is the predominant type; are common, with stands of often seen in the southern range. Less than a quarter of the region has been cleared for pasture and cropland. Primary Distinguishing Characteristics of Level III Ecoregions of the Continental United States, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Revised April 2000. Forests that were heavily logged during the early-to-mid-20th century have recovered; much of the remaining timber in the Ozarks is . However, deforestation of contributed through to increased gravel bars along Ozark waterways in logged areas; stream channels have become wider and shallower and deepwater fish habitat has been lost.

The numerous rivers and streams of the region saw hundreds of water powered timber and grist mills. Index to the old mills of Missouri. Hosted by rootsweb, this incomplete list includes almost 250 old mills in Missouri alone. Barry County, MO Mills (Rootsweb) Mills were important centers of culture and commerce; dispersed widely throughout the region, mills served local needs, often thriving within a few miles of another facility. Few Ozark mills relied on inefficient for power; most utilized a , and .Suggs, George E., Jr. Water Mills of the Missouri Ozarks. : . 1990

During the , the employed hundreds in the construction of nearly 400 fire lookouts throughout the Ozarks at 121 known sites in Arkansas and 257 in Missouri. Of those lookouts, about half remain, and many of them are in use by the . A 2007 report by the National Trust for Historic Preservation deemed these fire lookouts and related structures as one of America's 11 Most Endangered Historic Places. National Trust Names Historic Structures in Missouri's Mark Twain National Forest One of America's 11 Most Endangered Historic Places 14 June 2007

In the 1960s federal activity promoted modernization, especially through better transportation and tourism. The Ozarks Regional Commission sponsored numerous projects.J. Blake Perkins, “Growing the Hills: The Ozarks Regional Commission and the Politics of Economic Development in the Mid-American Highlands, 1960s–1970s,” Missouri Historical Review, 107 (April 2013), 144–67.


Current economic activities
Tourism is the growth industry of the Ozarks as evidenced by the growth of the , entertainment center celebrating the traditional Ozark culture. OEPD/3AreaOverview.doc Area and Economic Overview: Southwest Missouri Overall Economic Development Program. Southwest Missouri Council of Governments White Paper.Snyder, Robert E. Shepherd of the Hills Country: Tourism Transforms the Ozarks, 1880s-1930s. The Journal of American Culture, Volume 27 Issue 1, Pages 117-119. The rapidly growing has also become a tourist hub, drawing nationwide attention for in Bentonville, Arkansas.

farming and food processing are significant industries throughout the region. The and each operates several hundred poultry farms and processing plants throughout the Ozarks. has operations throughout southern Missouri. Stillwell foods has frozen vegetable and other food processing centers in eastern Oklahoma.

The is important to the regional economy with national carriers based there including , and . Springfield remains an operational hub for . Logging and timber industries are also significant in the Ozark economy with operations ranging from small family run sawmills to large commercial concerns. companies such as in Bentonville, Arkansas, and are based in the Ozarks.

The area is also home to several regions including the and .


Culture
Ozark also refers to a region of people with a distinct culture, ,Andy Ostmeyer. Original Ozarks: Evidence of settlement before 1830 hard to find. Joplin Globe. 21 June 2009. According to the National Register of Historic Places, the Rice-Upshaw House, ca.1826, "is one of the two oldest remaining standing buildings in Arkansas, and a rare surviving example of a building from Arkansas' territorial period"; Wolf House, ca. 1825, overlooks the junction of the Norfork and White rivers; the Craighead-Henry House, ca. 1816, is "one of the oldest known structures in the interior Missouri Ozarks." and shared by the people who live on the plateau. Early settlers in were who came West from the at the beginning of the 19th century,Randolph, Vance. Ozark Magic and Folklore. 367 pages. Courier Dover Publications, 1964. followed in the 1840s and 1850s by and immigrants. Much of the Ozark population is of , , and German descent, often including some ancestry, and the Ozark families from which the regional culture derived tend to have lived in the area since the 19th century.Rafferty, Milton D. The Ozarks: Land and Life, University of Arkansas Press, 2nd ed., 2001. ISBN 1-55728-714-7

Early settlers relied on , , and , as well as to supplement their diets and incomes. Today hunting and fishing for recreation are common activities and an important part of the tourist industry. Foraging for (especially ) and for is common and financially supported by established buyers in the area. Other forages include , , and ; wild berries such as , , , , , and ; and wild such as and even .Phillips, Jan. Wild Edibles of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation, 2nd edition (1998). Cover, Introduction, Acknowledgments and Preface; Chapters; Color Plates. Edible , and are plentiful, and is common. The Naturalist. High Plains Films. Doug Hawes-Davis, Director. 32 minutes, Color/B&W, 2001.

Print and broadcast media have explored Ozark culture broadly. Books set in the Ozarks include , the and As a Friend.. As a Friend. : . 2008. The 1999 , based on the book Woe to Live On,Woodrell, Daniel. Woe to Live On. Henry Holt, 1987. depicts warfare in Southwest Missouri during the .Ward L. Schrantz. Jasper County, Missouri in the Civil War. 1923. ,Woodrell, Daniel. Winter's Bone. Little, Brown and Company, 2006 a novel by (author of Woe to Live On) reflects on contemporary culture and its impact on families on the plateau. Released as a feature film in 2010, received the Grand Jury Prize at the , as well as other awards. Several early and influential television and radio programs originated from in the 1950s and 1960s, including ABC-TV's and The Show on . The Clampett clan of TV show provide a stereotypical depiction of Ozark people. Ozark musicians include and .Henigan, Julie. Play Me Something Quick and Devilish: Bob Holt - Old-Time Square Dance Fiddler, Musical Traditions, Article MT021, June 1998.

Examples of commercial interpretations of traditional Ozark culture include the two major family theme parks in the region, and the now defunct ; and the resort entertainment complex in . Ozark Folkways in and in interpret regional culture through musical performance and exhibitions of pioneer skills and crafts.

Traditional Ozark culture includes stories and tunes passed orally between generations through community music parties and other informal gatherings.Aunt Shelle Stormoe. How to Spot a Genuine Ozark Hillbilly. 23 October 2008. Many of these tunes and tales can be traced to having originsSmith, Vic. Review of Ozark Folksongs, Musical Traditions, January 2001. and to . Moreover, historian attributes the formation of much Ozark lore to individual families when "backwoods parents begin by telling outrageous whoppers to their children and end by half believing the wildest of these tales themselves." collected Ozark folklore and lyrics in volumes such as the national bestseller Pissing in the Snow and Other Ozark Folktales (University of Illinois Press, 1976), Ozark Folksongs (, 1980), a four-volume anthology of regional songs and ballads collected in the 1920s and 1930s, and Ozark Magic and Folklore (Courier Dover Publications, 1964). Evidenced by Randolph's extensive , many Ozark anecdotes from the are often , full of wild embellishments on everyday themes.Florer, Faith L. Book Review. Pissing in the snow and other Ozark folktales. Whole Earth Review. Summer, 1987. "Because of their--ahem--subject matter, the tales contained in this volume could not be published with Randolph's four great collections of Ozark material published in the 1950s, and have until recently been circulating only in manuscript and on elusive microfilm." In 1941-42, commissioned by of the , Randolph returned to the Ozarks with a portable recording machine from the Library of Congress and captured over 800 songs, ballads and instrumentals. Selected from among these several hundred recordings, 35 tracks were released on Various Artists: Ozark Folksongs (Rounder Records) in 2001.

were an important social avenue throughout the Ozarks into the 20th century.Karen Mulrenin, Rita Saeger and Terry Brandt. Old-Time Ozark Square Dancing. Bittersweet, Volume II, No. 1, Fall 1974.Foreman, Diana. Fiddlin' Around. Bittersweet, Volume V, No. 2, Winter 1977.Edited and photography by Allen Gage. Old-Time Fiddling: A Traditional Folk Art With Four Ozark Musicians, Bittersweet, Volume IX, No. 3, Spring 1982. Square dances sprang up wherever people concentrated around mills and timber camps, springs, fords, and in towns small and large. Geographically isolated communities saw their own local dance tunes and variations develop. Of all the traditional musicians in the Ozarks, the fiddler holds a distinct place in both the community and folklore. Community fiddlers revered for carrying local tunes; regionally, traveling fiddlers brought new tunes and entertainment, even while many viewed their arrival as a threat to morality. In 2007, Gordon McCann, a chronicler of Ozarks and fiddle music for over four decades, donated a collection of audio recordings, and photographs to in Springfield. Gordon McCann pledges collection to Missouri State University: Four decades of material will be housed in Meyer Library. Missouri State University Press Release. 26 September 2007. The collection includes more than 3,000 hours of fiddle music and interviews recorded at jam sessions, music parties, concerts and dances in the Ozarks. Selected audio recordings along with biographical sketches, photographs and tune histories were published in the 2008 book/CD set Ozarks Fiddle Music: 308 Tunes Featuring 30 Legendary Fiddlers, with selections from 50 other Ozark fiddlers.

From 1973 to 1983, the Bittersweet project, which began as an English class at High School, collected 476 taped and transcribed , published 482 stories and took over 50,000 photographs documenting traditional Ozark culture.

Population influx since the 1950s, coupled with geographically lying in both the and , proximity to the , the and , contributes to changing cultural values in the Ozarks. Theme parks and theatres seen to reflect regional values have little in common with traditional Ozark culture. Community tradition bearers remain active, in decreasing numbers, far afield of commercial offers. Jam Sessions in Southwest Missouri. Missouri State University Libraries. Bob Holt: Fiddler from the Missouri Ozarks. Local Legacies project of the Library of Congress.


Religion
Ozark religion, like that of Appalachia, was predominantly and during periods of early settlement; it tends to the or individualistic, with , , including , , , and other denominations present, as well as . Religious organizations headquartered in the Ozarks include the and the in . The 1960s and 1970s saw farms and established in rural counties.


See also
National Forests of the Ozarks

Ozark National Rivers and Wild Scenic Riverways

Hiking Trail Systems of the Ozarks


External links

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