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Tag Wiki 'Musician'.
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A musician is a person who , , or music. A musician who records and is known as a recording artist. According to the United States Employment Service, "musician" is a general used to designate one who follows music as a . Musicians include who compose music as well as write lyrics for songs, who direct a musical performance, or performers who perform for an audience. A music performer is generally either a singer who provides or an instrumentalist who play a musical instrument. Musicians may perform on their own or as part of a . Musicians specialize in a musical style, and some musicians play in a variety of different styles depending on cultures and background.


Types

Songwriter
A songwriter is a musician who professionally composes musical compositions and writes for . A songwriter can also be called a , although the latter term tends to be used mainly for individuals from the genre and film scoring, but is also associated writing and composing the original musical composition or musical bed. A songwriter who mainly writes the lyrics for a song is referred to as a .


Conductor
A conductor directs a musical performance, and has been defined as "the art of directing the simultaneous performance of several players or singers by the use of gesture." The conductor stands on a raised podium and communicates with the musicians through hand gestures or eye contact.


Performer
Examples of performers include, but are not limited to, instrumentalists and singers who perform for an audience. A musician can perform as a or as a .


Musicians by era

Medieval
In the , instrumental musicians performed with soft inside and instruments outdoors. Many European musicians of this time catered to the Roman Catholic Church, and they provided arrangements structured around structure and Masses from church texts.

Notable musicians

  • Phillipe de Vitry
  • Guillaume de Machaut
  • Hildegard of Bingen
  • John Jenkins
  • Beatritz de Dia


Renaissance
musicians produced music that could be played during masses in churches and important chapels. Vocal pieces were in —the language of church texts of the time—and typically were or "made up of several simultaneous ." By the end of the 16th century, however, split among many areas: the , churches, royal courts, wealthy amateurs, and music printing—all provided income sources for composers.

Notable musicians

  • Giovanni Palestrina
  • Giovanni Gabrieli
  • Claudio Monteverdi
  • Leonardo da Vinci


Baroque
The (about 1600 to 1750) introduced heavy use of and characteristics. Vocal and instrumental "color" became more important compared with the style of music, and emphasized much of the volume, texture and pace of each piece.

Notable musicians


Classical
Classical music was created by musicians who lived during a time of a rising middle class. Many middle-class inhabitants of France at the time lived under long-time absolute monarchies. Because of this, much of the music was performed in environments that were more constrained compared with the flourishing times of the and .

Notable musicians


Romantic
The foundation of Romantic period music coincides with what is often called the age of revolutions, an age of upheavals in political, economic, , and military traditions. This age included the initial transformations of the Industrial Revolution. A revolutionary energy was also at the core of , which quite consciously set out to transform not only the theory and practice of poetry and art, but the common perception of the world. Some major Romantic Period precepts survive, and still affect modern culture.

Notable musicians


20th to 21st centuries
The world transitioned from 19th-century to 20th century , bringing major musical changes. In 20th-century music, composers and musicians rejected the emotion-dominated , and strove to represent the world the way they perceived it. Musicians wrote to be "...objective, while objects existed on their own terms. While past eras concentrated on , this new period placed emphasis on physicality and things that were concrete."

The advent of audio recording and mass media in the 20th century caused a boom of many kinds of music—pop, , dance, rock, , and all forms of classical music.Blanning, Tim "The Triumph of Music; The Rise of Composers, Musicians and Their Art" Harvard University Press 2008,


See also
  • Health problems of musicians
  • Lists of musicians


External links
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