A musician is a person who Composer, Conducting, or Performing arts music.
A musician who records and Music release is known as a recording artist. According to the United States Employment Service, "musician" is a general Terminology used to designate one who follows music as a profession. Musicians include songwriters who compose music as well as write lyrics for songs, Conducting who direct a musical performance, or performers who perform for an audience. A music performer is generally either a singer who provides singing or an instrumentalist who play a musical instrument. Musicians may perform on their own or as part of a Musical ensemble. Musicians specialize in a musical style, and some musicians play in a variety of different styles depending on cultures and background.
A songwriter is a musician who professionally composes musical compositions and writes lyrics
. A songwriter can also be called a composer
, although the latter term tends to be used mainly for individuals from the classical music
genre and film scoring, but is also associated writing and composing the original musical composition or musical bed. A songwriter who mainly writes the lyrics for a song is referred to as a lyricist
A conductor directs a musical performance, and has been defined as "the art of directing the simultaneous performance of several players or singers by the use of gesture." The conductor stands on a raised podium and communicates with the musicians through hand gestures or eye contact.
Examples of performers include, but are not limited to, instrumentalists and singers who perform for an audience. A musician can perform as a solo music
or as a Musical ensemble
Musicians by era
In the Middle Ages
, instrumental musicians performed with soft Musical ensemble
inside and Loudness
instruments outdoors. Many European musicians of this time catered to the Roman Catholic Church, and they provided arrangements structured around Gregorian chant
structure and Masses from church texts.
Phillipe de Vitry
Guillaume de Machaut
Hildegard of Bingen
Beatritz de Dia
musicians produced music that could be played during masses in churches and important chapels. Vocal pieces were in Latin
—the language of church texts of the time—and typically were Polyphonic
or "made up of several simultaneous Melody
." By the end of the 16th century, however, patronage
split among many areas: the Catholic Church
churches, royal courts, wealthy amateurs, and music printing—all provided income sources for composers.
Leonardo da Vinci
The Baroque period
(about 1600 to 1750) introduced heavy use of counterpoint
and basso continuo
characteristics. Vocal and instrumental "color" became more important compared with the Renaissance
style of music, and emphasized much of the volume, texture and pace of each piece.
Classical music was created by musicians who lived during a time of a rising middle class. Many middle-class inhabitants of France at the time lived under long-time absolute monarchies. Because of this, much of the music was performed in environments that were more constrained compared with the flourishing times of the Renaissance
The foundation of Romantic period music coincides with what is often called the age of revolutions
, an age of upheavals in political, economic, Society
, and military traditions. This age included the initial transformations of the Industrial Revolution. A revolutionary energy was also at the core of Romanticism
, which quite consciously set out to transform not only the theory and practice of poetry and art, but the common perception of the world. Some major Romantic Period precepts survive, and still affect modern culture.
20th to 21st centuries
The world transitioned from 19th-century Romanticism
to 20th century Modernism
, bringing major musical changes. In 20th-century music, composers and musicians rejected the emotion-dominated Romantic period
, and strove to represent the world the way they perceived it. Musicians wrote to be "...objective, while objects existed on their own terms. While past eras concentrated on spirituality
, this new period placed emphasis on physicality and things that were concrete."
The advent of audio recording and mass media in the 20th century caused a boom of many kinds of music—pop, electronic music, dance, rock, folk music, country music and all forms of classical music.
[Blanning, Tim "The Triumph of Music; The Rise of Composers, Musicians and Their Art" Harvard University Press 2008, ]
Health problems of musicians
Lists of musicians