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   » » Wiki: Musician
Tag Wiki 'Musician'.
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A musician is a person who plays a musical instrument or is musically talented. Anyone who composes, conducts, or performs music is referred to as a musician. A musician who plays a musical instrument is also known as an instrumentalist.

Musicians can specialize in any musical style, and some musicians play in a variety of different styles depending on cultures and background. Examples of a musician's possible skills include , , , , , composing, , and the of music.


Musicians by era

Medieval
In the , instrumental musicians performed with soft inside and instruments outdoors. Many European musicians of this time catered to the Roman Catholic Church, and they provided arrangements structured around structure and Masses from church texts.

Notable musicians


Renaissance
musicians produced music that could be played during masses in churches and important chapels. Vocal pieces were in —the language of church texts of the time—and typically were or "made up of several simultaneous ." By the end of the 16th century, however, split among many areas: the , churches, royal courts, wealthy amateurs, and music printing—all provided income sources for composers.

Notable musicians

  • Giovanni Palestrina
  • Giovanni Gabrieli
  • Claudio Monteverdi
  • Leonardo da Vinci


Baroque
The (about 1600 to 1750) introduced heavy use of and characteristics. Vocal and instrumental "color" became more important compared with the style of music, and emphasized much of the volume, texture and pace of each piece.

Notable musicians


Classical
Classical music was created by musicians who lived during a time of a rising middle class. Many middle-class inhabitants of France at the time lived under long-time absolute monarchies. Because of this, much of the music was performed in environments that were more constrained compared with the flourishing times of the and .

Notable musicians


Romantic
The foundation of Romantic period music coincides with what is often called the age of revolutions, an age of upheavals in political, economic, , and military traditions. This age included the initial transformations of the Industrial Revolution. A revolutionary energy was also at the core of , which quite consciously set out to transform not only the theory and practice of poetry and art, but the common perception of the world. Some major Romantic Period precepts survive, and still affect modern culture.

Notable musicians


20th to 21st centuries
The world transitioned from 19th-century to 20th century , bringing major musical changes. In 20th-century music, composers and musicians rejected the emotion-dominated , and strove to represent the world the way they perceived it. Musicians wrote to be "...objective, while objects existed on their own terms. While past eras concentrated on , this new period placed emphasis on physicality and things that were concrete."

The advent of audio recording and mass media in the 20th century caused a boom of all kinds of music—pop, , dance, rock, , and all forms of classical music.Blanning, Tim "The Triumph of Music; The Rise of Composers, Musicians and Their Art" Harvard University Press 2008,


Health and safety
Musicians can experience a number of health problems related to the practice and performance of music. These can include and noise-induced hearing loss, which occurs slowly and over a long period of time, and most musicians do not seek help until they start to experience secondary symptoms such as (buzzing or ringing in the ears), distortion of sounds, (hearing two different tones when stimulated by a single frequency), and (extreme sensitivity to everyday sounds).

In addition, musicians are at increased risk for both musculoskeletal and vocal health problems when producing high sound levels on musical instruments. Increased biomechanical demands, whether at the hands, , or vocal cords, elevates the risks for occupational health problems like , carpal tunnel, rupture of facial muscles, and vocal cord malfunction.


See also


External links
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