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Marwari ( Mārwāṛī मारवाड़ी; also rendered Marvari, Marwadi, Marvadi), is spoken in the Indian state of . Marwari is also found in the neighboring state of and and in Eastern Pakistan. With some 13.2 million speakers (as of 1997, ca.), it is the largest language by number of speakers of the Marwari subgroup of the . There are 13 million speakers in Rajasthan and rest 200,000 in Eastern Pakistan. There about 23 dialects of the Marwari Language.

It is popularly written in script, as is , and . Marwari currently has no official status as a language of education and government. There has been a push in the recent past for the national government to recognize this language and give it a scheduled status. The state of Rajasthan recognizes Rajasthani as a language.

In Pakistan, there are two varieties of Marwari. They may or may not be close enough to Indian Marwari to be considered the same language. Marwari speakers are concentrated in .

The Marwari language was used in the recent , , where it was mixed with Hindi so it is understandable to the main stream (Hindi speakers) audience. Marwari is still spoken widely in and around . There are ongoing efforts to identify and classify this language cluster and the language differences.

It is said that Marwari and Gujarati evolved from Gujjar Bhakha or Maru-Gurjar, language of the . Formal grammar of Rajasthani was written by Jain monk and eminent scholar .

Classification and related languages
Marwari sounds similar to Haryanvi and is similar to Gujrati, Punjabi, Hindi and Haryanvi. Closely related languages to Marwari in the Rajasthani cluster are: , , , , , , , , .

Geographical distribution
is primarily spoken in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Marwari speakers have dispersed widely throughout India and other countries but are found most notably in the neighboring state of Gujarat and in Eastern Pakistan. Speakers are also found in . With some 13.2 million speakers (as of 1997, ca. 13 million in India and 200,000 in Pakistan) it is the largest of the Marwari subgroup of the Rajasthani cluster of western dialects of Hindi.

It shares a 50%-65% lexical similarity with Hindi (this is based on a comparison). Marwari has many words with Hindi. Notable phonetic correspondences include /s/ in Hindi with /h/ in Marwari. For example /sona/ 'gold' (Hindi) and /hono/ 'gold' (Marwari). /h/ sometimes . There are also a variety of vowel changes. Most of the and are, however, distinct from those of Hindi.

Marwari language has grammar structure which is quite similar to the Hindi language. Its primary sentence structure is SOV (). Most of the pronouns and interrogatives used in Marwari language are distinct from those used in Hindi. At least Marwari proper and have a distinction.

Marwari Vocabulary language is somehow similar to Hindi language but it has difference in speaking of it. They use words which is not of Hindi language and are purely of Sanskrit language.

Writing system
Marwari is generally written in the Devanagari script, although the script is traditionally associated with the language. Traditionally it was written in Mahajani script (which does not have vowels, only consonants). In Pakistan it is written in the with modifications. Historical Marwari orthography for Devanagari uses other characters in place of standard Devanagari letters.Pandey, Anshuman. 2010. Proposal to Encode the Marwari Letter DDA for Devanagari

See also

  • (2004). Marwari. Munich: Lincom Europa (LW/M 427)

External links

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