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Puno ( and Punu) is a city in southeastern , located on the shore of . It is the capital city of the and the with a population of approximately 140,839 (2015 estimate). The city was established in 1668 by viceroy Pedro Antonio Fernández de Castro as capital of the province of Paucarcolla with the name San Juan Bautista de Puno. The name was later changed to San Carlos de Puno, in honor of king Charles II of Spain. Puno has several churches dating back from the colonial period; they were built to service the Spanish population and evangelize the .


Overview
Puno is an important agricultural and livestock region; important livestock are and , which graze on its immense and . Much of the city economy relies on the black market, fueled by cheap goods smuggled in from . Puno is served by the Inca Manco Capac International Airport in nearby .

Puno is situated between the shores of and the mountains surrounding the city. There is less than two miles of flat land between the shores and the foothills, which has caused the growing city to continue to expand upwards onto the hillsides. As a result, the town's less developed and poorest areas, which are high on the hillsides, often have very steep streets, which are generally unpaved and cannot be accessed by automobile.

Up one of these streets is the Kuntur Wasi viewpoint, which has a large metal sculpture of a . There are some 700 steps to climb to reach the sculpture.

During the celebrations of the Feast of the " Virgen de la Candelaria" and the Regional Competition of Autochthonous Dances. Puno's access to Lake Titicaca is surrounded by 41 . To this day, the people maintain and live on these man-made islands, depending on the lake for their survival, and are a large tourist destination. racing, an old tradition in Puno, is a very popular activity amongst tourists.

Puno is the first major hub in the constant migration of indigenous peoples of the Andes to the larger cities of Peru. It is the largest city in the Southern Altiplano and is the recipient of new residents from surrounding smaller agricultural communities of people seeking better opportunities for education and employment. As such, Puno is served by several small institutes of technology, education and other technical or junior college-type facilities. Additionally it is home to the Universidad Nacional del Altiplano de Puno (UNAP), which was founded in 1856.


Climate
Puno features an subtropical highland climate ( Cwb, according to the Köppen climate classification).

As Puno is located at such a high elevation, it experiences more conditions than would be expected for its tropical latitude. The average annual temperature is about , and the weather never gets overly warm. During the winter months from June to August, night-time temperatures usually drop below . At this high altitude, the rays of the sun are very strong. Most of the annual precipitation falls during the southern hemisphere summer, with the winter months being very dry.


Folklore
Music and dance are typical parts of the Puno folklore. The most important dances are the Wifala de Asillo, the Ichu Carnival, the Tuntuna, the Khashua de Capachica, the Machu-tusuj, the Kcajelo, and the Pandilla Puneña.


Gallery
File:Puno-PERU.jpg|Plaza de Armas. File:Lago Titicaca, Puno, Perú, 2015-08-01, DD 13.JPG| as seen from the shore. File:Amanecer en el lago Titicaca, Puno, Perú, 2015-08-01, DD 02.JPG|Sunrise in the Titicaca lake. File:Puno cityscape.jpg|Puno and Titicaca lake. File:Palacio de Justicia, Plaza Republicana, Puno, Perú, 2015-08-01, DD 52.JPG|Justice Palace. File:Vista de Puno y el Titicaca, Perú, 2015-08-01, DD 61.JPG|View of Puno from the North. File:Vista de Puno, Perú, 2015-08-01, DD 10.JPG|View of Puno from Titicaca Lake.


See also
  • Esteves (island)
  • Lake Titicaca rail ferry


External links

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