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   » » Wiki: Lake County, Illinois
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Lake County is a county situated in the northeastern corner of the U.S. state of along the shores of . According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 703,462, making it the third-most populous county in Illinois after nearby Cook and DuPage Counties. Its is Waukegan, the ninth-largest city in Illinois. Lake County is one of the of the Chicago metropolitan area, located immediately to the north of .

According to the 2010 , Lake County is the second most wealthy county in Illinois by per capita income, after . Additionally, Lake County ranks as the 27th wealthiest county in the nation. The lakefront communities of Lake Forest, Lake Bluff, and Highland Park are part of the affluent North Shore area.

Naval Station Great Lakes is located in the city of . It is the United States Navy's Headquarters Command for training, and the Navy's only recruit training center.


History
The county, which was primarily unsettled prairie and was still home to its native Indians, was created by the Illinois State Legislature in 1839. At that time, Libertyville, then known as Independence Grove, was the first county seat. In 1841, however, the county's residents voted to move the county government to Little Fort, now Waukegan, where the commissioners had purchased a section of land from the state. Lake County's first courthouse was built on part of that land in 1844 and the remainder was sold to pay for the $4,000 construction cost.

The county's first courthouse was used solely for court sessions and the jail, but in 1853, commissioners constructed a building to accommodate county administration offices and house records. When fire damaged the courthouse on October 19, 1875, the county records were saved because they were in the adjacent building.

After the fire, proposals were made to move the county seat to Highland Park, Libertyville or another site in central Lake County. The county commissioners, however, decided to rebuild in Waukegan. The east half of the building was reconstructed at a cost of $45,000. In 1895, the first jail building was added to the government complex and a west addition was added to the courthouse in 1922. By 1938, county commissioners saw a need for additional space and approved the addition of a 5th Floor. This courthouse, however, was demolished in 1967 to make room for a new high-rise administration building, which was completed with the addition of the jail in 1969 and courts in 1970.

Shortly thereafter, the Lake County Board commissioned the construction of a multi-faceted justice facility and ground was broken in 1986 for the Robert H. Babcox Justice Center, named in memory of Sheriff Babcox, who served as Lake County Sheriff from 1982-1988. The justice center, which houses the county jail, work release program, sheriff's administration offices and three courtrooms, was finished in 1989 at a cost of $29.6 million.

Additional county government facilities have been built or expanded throughout Lake County, including the Coroner's Office, Health Department/Community Health Center facilities, Division of Transportation, Public Works and Winchester House. Lake County government services extend throughout the county's .

The historic Half Day Inn, a tavern/restaurant, was constructed in 1843. This structure, once located at the corner of Milwaukee Avenue and Rte. 45/Old Half Day Road, was one of the oldest structures in Lake County until it was demolished in 2007 to make way for retail space, condominiums, and a retention pond.


Geography
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (67.6%) is water. It is the second-largest county in Illinois by total area and the only one that has more water area than land area. Most of the water is in .


State parks
  • Illinois Beach State Park
  • North Point Marina
  • Volo Bog State Natural Area
  • Chain O'Lakes State Park


Lakes
Besides , lakes in the county include:


Natural areas
Lake County's forest preserves and natural areas are administered by the Lake County Forest Preserves district. These facilities include traditional nature preserves, such as the Ryerson Conservation Area, as well as golf courses and historic homes, such as the Adlai Stevenson historic home. A long north-south string of the preserves in Lake County, including Half Day Woods, Old School Forest Preserve, Independence Grove, and Van Patten Woods, form the Des Plaines River Greenway, which contains the Des Plaines River Trail, a popular place for walking, running, and biking. Lake County is also home to Illinois Beach State Park, featuring over six miles of Lake Michigan shoreline, as well as dune areas, wetlands, prairie, and black oak savanna. Several local environmental groups operate in Lake County, such as Conserve Lake County and Citizens for Conservation, working to improve habitat. Volunteer opportunities also exist with the Lake County Forest Preserve District.


Adjacent counties
  • Kenosha County, - north
  • Cook County - south
  • McHenry County - west


Major highways

Demographics
As of the 2010 Census, there were 703,462 people, 241,712 households, and 179,428 families residing in the county. The population density was . There were 260,310 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the county was 75.1% white, 7.0% black or African American, 6.3% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 8.5% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 19.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 20.5% were , 12.9% were , 9.4% were , 6.9% were , 6.5% were , and 4.0% were .

Of the 241,712 households, 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.8% were non-families, and 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.31. The median age was 36.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $78,948 and the median income for a family was $91,693. Males had a median income of $62,042 versus $44,200 for females. The per capita income for the county was $38,120. About 4.8% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the , including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.


2018 American Community Survey
According to the 2018 US Census Bureau estimates, the population of Lake County, Illinois was 74.1% (60.9% Non-Hispanic White and 13.2% ), 6.6% Black or , 8.1% , 0.5% Native American and , 0.1% , 7.8% Some Other Race, and 2.1% from two or more races. The White population continues to remain the largest racial category as Hispanics in Lake County primarily identify as White (60.0%) with others identifying as Some Other Race (33.9%), Multiracial (3.6%), Black (1.2%), American Indian and Alaskan Native (1.1%), Asian (0.4%), and Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (0.1%). By ethnicity, 22.2% of the total population is Hispanic-Latino (of any race) and 77.8% is Non-Hispanic (of any race). If treated as a separate category, Hispanics are the largest minority group in group in Lake County, Illinois.


Sports
The following sports teams play in Lake County:
  • Lake County Fielders baseball (defunct)
  • Lake County Coyotes baseball


Sites of interest

Amusement parks
  • Six Flags Great America in Gurnee, Illinois
  • in Libertyville, Illinois


Museums
  • Volo Auto Museum in Volo, Illinois
  • Lake County Discovery Museum in Libertyville, Illinois
  • Warbird Heritage Foundation in Waukegan, Illinois
  • Waukegan History Museum in Waukegan, Illinois
  • in Buffalo Grove, IL
  • Shiloh House in Zion, IL


Performing arts


Other


Communities

Cities
  • Highland Park
  • Highwood
  • Lake Forest
  • North Chicago
  • Park City
  • Waukegan
  • Zion


Villages
  • Antioch
  • Bannockburn
  • Barrington
  • Barrington Hills (part)
  • Beach Park
  • Buffalo Grove (part)
  • Deerfield
  • Deer Park
  • Fox Lake
  • Fox River Grove
  • Grayslake
  • Green Oaks
  • Gurnee
  • Hainesville
  • Hawthorn Woods
  • Indian Creek
  • Island Lake
  • Kildeer
  • Lake Barrington
  • Lake Bluff
  • Lake Villa
  • Lake Zurich
  • Lakemoor (mostly)
  • Libertyville
  • Lincolnshire
  • Lindenhurst
  • Long Grove
  • Mettawa
  • Mundelein
  • North Barrington
  • Old Mill Creek
  • Port Barrington
  • Riverwoods
  • Round Lake
  • Round Lake Beach
  • Round Lake Heights
  • Round Lake Park
  • Third Lake
  • Tower Lakes
  • Vernon Hills
  • Volo
  • Wadsworth
  • Wauconda
  • Wheeling (part)
  • Winthrop Harbor


Census-designated places
  • Channel Lake
  • Forest Lake
  • Fox Lake Hills
  • Gages Lake
  • Grandwood Park
  • Knollwood
  • Lake Catherine
  • Long Lake
  • Venetian Village


Unincorporated communities
  • Aptakisic
  • Diamond Lake
  • Fort Sheridan
  • Fremont Center
  • Gilmer
  • Grass Lake
  • Ingleside
  • Ivanhoe
  • Kennedy
  • Loon Lake
  • Millburn
  • Monaville
  • Palm Beach
  • Prairie View
  • Rondout (Part of Lake Bluff)
  • Rosecrans
  • Russell
  • Sylvan Lake
  • West Miltmore
  • Wildwood
  • Wooster Lake


Townships
The county is divided into eighteen . Image:Map of Lake County Illinois showing townships.png|Lake County townships (clickable)|thumb|right|350px

poly 115 99 421 102 420 209 236 207 236 239 205 239 205 264 111 264 Antioch Township poly 610 113 619 111 621 117 641 116 642 125 632 128 635 134 642 136 632 138 634 141 644 142 641 148 655 148 657 159 674 162 695 167 697 170 707 166 715 163 716 151 746 150 743 165 717 167 714 189 742 188 738 209 718 209 713 234 701 236 698 230 691 227 671 230 670 225 656 226 656 213 650 216 647 205 645 198 640 197 636 205 625 203 632 185 631 180 619 181 616 170 626 157 613 156 595 157 595 150 611 149 619 149 618 134 609 135 Zion Township poly 621 108 739 108 747 145 745 171 739 232 735 274 608 272 609 158 620 157 618 162 616 173 616 180 631 181 624 202 637 203 638 210 643 210 650 210 650 217 657 226 672 233 691 228 700 236 712 237 720 213 738 213 742 190 716 190 717 168 745 168 746 149 717 149 714 164 705 165 698 169 698 164 681 165 678 162 657 159 657 148 645 149 645 144 633 141 634 138 645 138 646 134 634 133 634 131 641 126 643 118 621 116 Benton Township poly 425 103 610 104 610 147 593 148 592 158 608 159 607 273 421 271 Newport Township poly 420 330 420 210 239 210 238 240 207 240 206 301 237 300 238 330 Lake Villa Township poly 114 266 204 266 205 303 235 304 235 453 114 452 Grant Township poly 238 333 420 332 420 455 237 455 Avon Township poly 422 273 422 458 609 456 607 274 Warren Township poly 611 275 736 275 735 327 732 341 725 361 715 379 708 393 700 425 693 457 609 458 Waukegan Township poly 114 454 236 456 236 640 115 638 Wauconda Township poly 238 456 417 459 419 641 237 640 Fremont Township poly 420 458 607 459 605 640 421 642 Libertyville Township poly 610 460 691 460 687 506 693 552 705 604 720 641 608 641 Shields Township poly 115 641 236 642 233 825 112 826 Cuba Township poly 237 643 419 643 419 825 236 823 Ela Township poly 422 644 606 644 605 826 421 826 Vernon Township poly 608 643 677 644 684 660 696 660 697 828 605 828 West Deerfield Township poly 681 644 720 644 750 720 774 770 807 826 699 829 700 659 686 658 Moraine Township

  • Antioch
  • Avon
  • Benton
  • Cuba
  • Ela
  • Fremont
  • Grant
  • Lake Villa
  • Libertyville
  • Moraine
  • Newport
  • Shields
  • Vernon
  • Warren
  • Wauconda
  • Waukegan
  • West Deerfield
  • Zion


Government
1Linda PedersonRepublican
2Diane HewittDemocratic
3Dick BarrRepublican
4Brent PaxtonRepublican
5Judy MartiniRepublican
6John WasikDemocratic
7Steve CarlsonRepublican
8Bill DurkinDemocratic
9Mary Ross CunninghamDemocratic
10Jessica VealitzekDemocratic
11Paul FrankDemocratic
12S. Michael RummelRepublican
13Sandy Hart, ChairmanDemocratic
14Angelo D. KyleDemocratic
15Jennifer ClarkDemocratic
16Terry WilkeDemocratic
17Michael DanforthRepublican
18Julie SimpsonDemocratic
19Craig TaylorRepublican
20Adam R. DidechDemocratic
21Ann B. MaineRepublican


Politics
As a historic settlement, Lake County was initially a stronghold of the Free Soil Party. In the 1848 presidential election, it was Free Soil nominee and former President Martin van Buren’s strongest county, giving him over 58 percent of the vote.

Consequently, Lake County – although it did give a plurality to in 1852 – would turn rock-solid Republican for the next century. The only time between 1856 and 1960 it did not vote for the Republican Presidential nominee was in 1912 when the GOP was mortally divided and Lake County voted for Progressive Party nominee and former President Theodore Roosevelt over conservative incumbent William Howard Taft. In 1964 the Republican Party nominated , whose hostility to the Yankee establishment and strongly conservative policies were sufficient to leave many traditional Republicans to stay home or even to vote for Lyndon Johnson, who narrowly became the first Democrat to win an absolute majority in the county since James K. Polk in 1844. Between 1968 and 1988, however, Lake County became powerfully Republican once more, with no Democrat cracking forty percent of the vote.

However, the Republican edge narrowed considerably in the 1990s, and actually won it with a plurality in 1996–the only time that Clinton won one of the collar counties during his two campaigns for president. After narrowly voting for George W. Bush twice, in 2008 it swung over dramatically to support Democrat and then-Illinois Senator , who carried it by almost 20 points. Obama won it but by a slimmer margin in 2012. won it handily in 2016, tallying her second-best margin in the state. At 36%, 's performance in the county was lower than that of any Republican Presidential nominee since 1912, likely due to its large college-educated, foreign-born, and minority populations.

Https://www.thenationaltriallawyers.org/2014/03/7-75-settlement-father-wrongly-jailed-murder/< /ref>

+ Presidential election results
201636.2% 109,76756.4% 171,0957.5% 22,658
201245.1% 129,76453.5% 153,7571.4% 3,972
200839.5% 118,54559.1% 177,2421.4% 4,113
200450.5% 139,08148.8% 134,3520.7% 1,862
200050.0% 120,98847.5% 115,0582.5% 6,118
199645.5% 93,14945.6% 93,3158.9% 18,300
199244.2% 99,00036.5% 81,69319.3% 43,294
198863.5% 114,11535.8% 64,3270.7% 1,191
198468.4% 118,40131.1% 53,9470.5% 876
198058.5% 96,35029.3% 48,28712.3% 20,216
197660.3% 92,23137.8% 57,7411.9% 2,922
197265.8% 92,05233.9% 47,4160.3% 344
196856.6% 68,99935.6% 43,4097.8% 9,495
196448.4% 58,84051.6% 62,7850.0% 42
196059.0% 67,80940.9% 46,9410.1% 149
195667.3% 66,78132.5% 32,2790.1% 129
195262.8% 54,92937.0% 32,3530.2% 145
194863.3% 39,45635.6% 22,1921.2% 720
194458.2% 35,67441.5% 25,4530.3% 183
194060.3% 38,24239.3% 24,9650.4% 254
193651.3% 27,54845.7% 24,5243.0% 1,603
193250.9% 23,99444.9% 21,1394.2% 1,989
192867.7% 26,81431.0% 12,2521.3% 521
192475.5% 18,2298.3% 2,00816.2% 3,913
192082.3% 15,71212.2% 2,3215.6% 1,063
191667.0% 12,90528.3% 5,4474.8% 924
191221.6% 2,18324.1% 2,43654.3% 5,494
190868.2% 6,39224.1% 2,2647.7% 723
190477.1% 6,63518.5% 1,5924.4% 378
190067.7% 5,13629.5% 2,2352.9% 217
189672.5% 5,02725.6% 1,7771.9% 133
189257.2% 2,93238.3% 1,9644.5% 233


Notable people
  • (February 14, 1894 – December 26, 1974) – entertainer, comedian, actor and musician, Benny was one of America's greatest stars of radio and television, and also appeared in many films; he was raised in Waukegan, Illinois.
  • (September 21, 1949) – cartoonist, creator of syndicated comic panel and the telecommunication public affairs image The KeyPad Kid.
  • (August 22, 1920 – June 5, 2012) – fantasy, horror, science fiction, and mystery writer. Best known for his novel Fahrenheit 451 and The Martian Chronicles, Bradbury is widely considered one of the greatest and most popular American writers of speculative fiction of the twentieth century. Bradbury was born in Waukegan.
  • (April 3, 1924 – July 1, 2004) actor; as a young , he is best known for his roles in A Streetcar Named Desire, On the Waterfront and Guys and Dolls. Brando and his family moved to Libertyville, Illinois where he lived from 1937 until 1942.
  • (February 8, 1968 – May 28, 2010) – actor, known for his role as Arnold Jackson in the American sitcom Diff'rent Strokes (1978–1986). Coleman was born in Zion, Illinois.
  • (July 2, 1968 – June 12, 1994), who was killed along with Nicole Brown Simpson grew up in Buffalo Grove.
  • (born February 17, 1963) – retired professional basketball player and active businessman, widely considered one of the greatest players of all time; as of 2015, Jordan had a residence in Highland Park, Illinois.
  • Juan Rivera (October 31, 1972) - Waukegan man who was wrongfully convicted of the 1992 murder of 11-year-old Holly Skater. After his exoneration, he was awarded US$20 million—the largest settlement for a wrongful conviction in US history.
  • (born March 28, 1970) – actor, known for his roles in Swingers and ; grew up in Buffalo Grove, Illinois, then moved to Lake Forest, , where he graduated from Lake Forest High School in 1988.
  • (born August 23, 1933), Mayor of San Diego (1971-1983); United States Senator from (1983-1991); and Governor of California (1991-1999), born in Lake Forest.
  • Thomas E. Wilson (1868-1958), businessman and founder of 'Wilson Sporting Goods', resident and buried in Lake County.
  • /ref>


See also
  • IL-53 extension issue
  • List of school districts in Lake County, Illinois
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Lake County, Illinois


Citations

General sources
  • (1996). 9780934213486, United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division.


External links

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