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KitchenAid
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KitchenAid is a home appliance brand owned by . The company was started in 1919 by The to produce stand mixers; the "H-5" was the first model introduced. The company faced stiff competition as rivals moved into this emerging market, and introduced its trademarked silhouette in the 1930s with the model "K", the work of designer . The brand's stand mixers have changed little in design since, and attachments from the model "K" onwards are compatible with the modern machines. Dishwashers were the second product line to be introduced, in 1949. It was in the late '80s with a promotional campaign on the back of an expansion by retailer that saw brand awareness double in three years.


History
The idea of a was formulated by Herbert Johnson, an engineer working at the . He had been inspired after seeing a baker mix dough, and thought that there must be a better way of doing the task. Development began, in 1914, the model "H" mixer was launched for industrial work. The ordered mixers for two new , the and the , as well as the U.S. Navy's first battleship, the . In 1917, Hobart stand mixers became standard equipment on all U.S. Navy ships, prompting development to begin on the first home models.

The first KitchenAid mixer for the home was the model "H-5", manufactured in 1919 at Hobart's subsidiary plant in . ξ1 Prototype models were given to the wives of factory executives, and the product was named when one stated "I don't care what you call it, but I know it's the best kitchen aid I've ever had!" They were initially marketed at the farmhouse kitchen and were available in hardware stores. But owing to the difficulty in convincing retailers to take up the product, the company recruited a mostly female sales force, which sold the mixers .

The model "G" mixer, about half the weight of the "H-5", was released in the 1920s. In the 1920s several other companies introduced similar mixers, with the becoming the most popular among consumers until the 1950s. ξ2 KitchenAid mixers remained popular, with the factory selling out of products each Christmas in the late 1930s. Having shut down production for the duration of the Second World War, the factory started up again in 1946 with production moving to , to expand capacity. The product range expanded beyond stand mixers for the first time in 1949, with being introduced. ξ3 In 1955, the company purchased the to incorporate its range of cookers into the KitchenAid brand. After being cleared by a Federal appeals court in January 1986, were cleared to purchase KitchenAid after initial complaints regarding competition from dishwasher manufacturers and were dismissed. were added to the product line later in 1986. The company used the popularity of during the late 1980s to seize the chance to expand its customer range. In 1988 as retailer was opening new stores across the United States and released a stand mixer for the company. Although the retailer had been carrying KitchenAid products since 1959, the new stores introduced the mixers to a wider range of home cooks. This combined with a change in marketing strategy for KitchenAid, which resulted in a doubling of brand awareness over the course of the following three years.

KitchenAid began manufacturing blenders and other small appliances in the mid-1990s. The brand was further promoted by sponsoring the show , and by introducing the mixers to television chefs such as and . Following the success with William-Sonoma, specific point of purchases were set up in department stores such as and . Specific color mixers were released for specific retailers or to benefit charities, such as a pink mixer released to raise funds for breast cancer research. The ProLine range of appliances was launched in 2003 with an initial six month exclusivity agreement with William-Sonoma. ξ4


Design and manufacturing
was hired in the 1930s to design a low-cost series of mixers. This resulted in the production of the KitchenAid Model "K" which showed streamlined lines for the first time, and the KitchenAid standard design remains relatively unchanged since. ξ5 The silhouette has since been made a registered patent with the . In 1997 the selected the KitchenAid stand mixer as an icon of American design. There is an attachment hub on the front of each mixer. Every KitchenAid mixer since the introduction of the Model "K" has allowed for cross-generational attachment compatibility, meaning that attachments from the 1930s can be used on modern mixers, and vice versa. Initially the mixers were only available in white; a range of four colors was introduced in 1955.

Today, KitchenAid products are manufactured in Ohio, South Carolina, Mississippi, Indiana, Arkansas, Ontario, and Quebec, and its appliances are distributed throughout North America.

All KitchenAid stand mixers are made in its factory in . The parts of the machines are hand worked to remove imperfections on the metal cases. A factory tour, known as the "KitchenAid Experience", is conducted by the assembly line workers. ξ6


External links


References
    ^ (2019). 9781592530939, Rockport Publishers. .
    ^ (2019). 9780313313455, Greenwood Press. .
    ^ (2019). 9780793193073, Dearborn Trade Publishing. .
    ^ (2019). 9780131860827, Wharton School Publishers. .
    ^ (2019). 9781592533459, Rockport Publishers. .
    ^ (2019). 9781598800005, Avalon Travel. .

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