Austrian Airlines AG, sometimes shortened to Austrian, is the flag carrier of Austria and a subsidiary of the Lufthansa." Offices in Austria" Austrian Airlines, Retrieved on 26 May 2009 The airline is headquartered on the grounds of Vienna International Airport in Schwechat" Information about the city plan" City of Schwechat, Retrieved on 5 September 2009 where it also maintains its airline hub. It flies to six domestic and more than 120 international year-round and seasonal destinations in 55 countries as of July 2016, austrian.com - Destinations retrieved 20 July 2016 and is a member of the Star Alliance.
The airline was formed in 1957 by the merger of Air Austria and Austrian Airways but traces its history back to 1923 at the founding of Austrian Airways. During the 2000s, the airline expanded through the acquisitions of Rheintalflug and Lauda Air and adopted the shortened Austrian name in 2003. Throughout the decade, Austrian sustained several years of losses, and in 2008, its owner, the Austrian government, was advised to sell the airline to a foreign company. In 2009, the Lufthansa Group purchased the airline after receiving approval from the European Commission following an investigation into the tendering process.
Following disputes with staff over cost reduction, all Austrian Airlines' flights were transferred on 1 July 2012 to its subsidiary, Tyrolean Airways, which operated under the Austrian name. On 1 April 2015, all flights transferred back to Austrian, and Tyrolean Airways was merged into its parent.
The initial fleet consisted of Junkers F 13s. The first flight of the company took place in Vienna on 14 May 1923 by Munich, with pilot Hans Baur. The landing took place in Vienna Jedlesee; there occurred a conversion to float and the connecting flight to Budapest.
The company was operated by Junkers Trans European Union. Its destinations included Munich, Budapest, Nuremberg, Graz, Klagenfurt, and St. Wolfgang. Some targets in Austria were served with seaplanes. The union was dissolved in September 1926.
From 1927, the company procured new aircraft with support from the government. In the same year, it began an operating partnership agreement with Deutsche Luft Hansa. Line connections were planned and operated jointly by the two companies. A route network to Berlin, Budapest, and Milan Vienna was created. In 1932, Luft Hansa Junkers held a 49% interest. After the end of the world economic crisis, the fleet with several Junkers Ju 52/3 m was added.
In 1938, the company began planning routes to Rome, Paris, and London. Junkers Ju 90 planes were used. After the annexation of Austria by Germany in March 1938, these plans were abandoned. The airline was fully under the control of Lufthansa from 1 January 1939. In June 1939, the company was deleted from the commercial register. After the second world war, Austria was separated from Germany, and Austria was left without a national airline. Austrian Airlines was formed as Österreichische Luftverkehrs AG through the merger of Air Austria and Austrian Airways. It began operations on 30 September 1957, making its maiden flight on 31 March 1958 when a leased Vickers Viscount took off from Vienna for a scheduled service to Zurich and London. Six new Viscount 837s were delivered to the airline in early 1960. The operator's domestic services were launched on 1 May 1963. The airline's transatlantic services began on 1 April 1969 with a Vienna via Brussels to New York service in co-operation with Sabena.
The first MD-81 entered service in October 1980, allowing longer-range flights. In 1984, Austrian became the first customer for the MD-87 and played a significant role in the project. The first MD-87 entered service at the end of 1987, as did the MD-83 from 1990, while six MD-81s were upgraded to MD-82 standards.
In 2000, Austrian became a member of Star Alliance and acquired Lauda Air. It acquired Rheintalflug on 15 February 2001. Its name was shortened to Austrian in September 2003, when it renamed its three constituent carriers. On 1 October 2004, the flight operations departments of Austrian and Lauda Air were merged into a single unit, leaving Lauda Air as a brand name only for charter flights. It had 6,394 employees. The other subsidiary, Tyrolean Airways, specialised in regional flights, and was merged with Rheintalflug.
In October 2006, Austrian was forced to adopt a stringent cost-saving policy, and in 2007, it eliminated over 500 jobs. Many long-haul destinations were cancelled, such as Sydney via Kuala Lumpur, Melbourne via Singapore, Kathmandu or Shanghai. Three remaining Fokker 70s were sent to Tyrolean Airways. It was also decided to abandon the long-haul Airbus planes, consisting of four Airbus A340s and four Airbus A330s, to standardise the fleet in favour of Boeing 777s and Boeing 767s. Austrian Airlines removed complimentary in-flight meals and alcoholic drinks on short-haul services, introducing what was called a "Self Select Bistro Service", except on flights from London and any flights above 100 minutes in duration. Austrian Airlines inflight meals Airreview, 18 Jan 2012 Head office moved from Oberlaa to Vienna Airport in 2007, whereas headquarters remained in Vienna.
On 13 November 2008, state holding ÖIAG announced that Lufthansa was selected. The German company was to enter Austrian's capital with a 41.6% share, for which it would pay €366,268.75. AUA CEO Alfred Ötsch and OIAG chairman Peter Michaelis were heavily criticised for revealing to Lufthansa that it had to take over the €500 million debt only when the deal had been made binding. Michaelis refused a new tendering procedure, but was made a scapegoat with his shareholder rights removed, and Ötsch resigned on 29 January 2013.
On 1 July 2009, the European Commission initiated investigation on the acquisition for breach of free-trade rules, suspecting that the tendering process was a fake one, everything being already decided in favour of Lufthansa. Finally, with approval from the European Commission, Lufthansa purchased Austrian Airlines in September 2009.
Shares in Austrian Airlines AG were suspended on Vienna Stock Exchange on 4 February 2010. After a time of uncertainty following the demission of appointed CEO Thierry Antinori,Financial Times Deutschland: Ex-Lufthansa-Manager läuft zu Emirates über. Retrieved May 25th 2013 the arrival of Jaan Albrecht as the new CEO in 2011 signalled the beginning of a new era for the airline, with improving passenger numbers and a more strategic position within the Lufthansa framework. The completion of extension works at the Vienna International Airport will give the airline more room for expansion. As a result, in January 2012, a new strategy was implemented, with the addition of 11 new aircraft in the next three years, leading to a renewal of the fleet on the long term, with Airbus planes serving medium-haul routes and Boeings serving long-haul routes.
In December 2011, a new cost-saving plan was revealed, as the company was still losing money despite eliminating 2500 jobs. Lufthansa refused to provide financial support. In March 2012, Austrian called once more for recapitalisation. Lufthansa approved a capital increase of €140 million, providing effective measure to be taken to address the structural deficiencies.
Austrian Airlines retired its final Boeing 737, a 737-800 variant in Lauda Air markings, in April 2013 as part of its fleet-consolidation exercise. The 11 Boeing 737s were replaced by seven Airbus A320s, with an expected annual saving of €17 million through the move to a single type.
In June 2015, Austrian Airlines announced the purchase of 17 Embraer 195s from within the Lufthansa Group. These Embraer aircraft, which had been owned by Lufthansa CityLine, replaced the ageing Fokker 70s and 100s. By August 2016, 8 of 17 Embraer aircraft had been delivered while 9 of 23 Fokker left the fleet. aero.de - "Halftime at the fleet renewal" (German) 25 August 2016 All Fokker 70s had been phased out by late July 2017.
In January 2016, Austrian Airlines announced it would revise its new branding introduced in spring 2015 by dropping the word "my" in front of Austrian. This new feature had been severely criticised. slovakaviation.sk - Austrian Airlines to revise its new livery 9 January 2016
In January 2019, the airline announced a restructuring to its fleet and network with all Bombardier Q400 turboprop aircraft being replaced with Airbus A320s until 2021 and all crew bases outside of Vienna being shut down and routes not going through Vienna International Airport to be moved to either Lufthansa or Eurowings. airliners.de - "Austrian rebuilds fleet and schedule" (German) 18 January 2019
|Turnover (euro)||2,551||2,531||2,083||2,150||2,163||2,259||2,198||2,164||2,243||2,285||2,466 ! align=center||2,178|
|Operating profit (adjusted) (€m)||25||10||! align=center|
|Profit before interest, tax, depreciation, etc. (EBITDA) (€m)||170||107||157||201||109||! align=center|
|Profit before interest and tax (EBIT) (€m)||42.1||9||54||65||101 ! align=center||90|
|Net profit (€m)||3.3||! align=center|
|Number of employees (at year end)||8,031||7,914||7,066||5,934||6,777||6,236||6,208||6,067||5,984||6,450||6,914 ! align=center||7,083|
|Number of passengers (m)||10.8||10.7||9.9||10.9||11.3||11.5||11.3||11.2||10.8||11.4||12.9 ! align=center||13.9|
|Passenger load factor (%)||75.1||74.4||74.0||76.8||73.7||77.5||78.6||78.9||78.0||76.1||76.8 ! align=center||79.3|
|Number of aircraft (at year end)||98||99||78||77||74||75||77||81||83 ! align=center||83|
The Austrian Airlines' arrow ("Austrian Chevron") has seen several design modifications over the years. When created in 1960 it was redolent of the shape of a flying bird; the design became more formal in 1972. As part of a rebranding exercise in 1995, the "Chevron" was placed on the red-white-red tail fin. In the new corporate design, in use since 2003, the old "Chevron" shape was used again, this time in a more modern style and with a drop shadow placed underneath.
Several special colour schemes have been used throughout the decades. Since joining Star Alliance, a few aeroplanes have flown with Star Alliance markings. For the Mozart year in 2006, an Airbus A320 was decorated in a Mozart design, and an Airbus A340-300 was coated with an hommage to the Vienna Philharmonic orchestra. A Boeing 737-600 was given a glacier look for a Tyrol advertisement. Three designs were put on aeroplanes to mark Euro 2008. An Airbus A320 was given a retro livery to mark the company's 50th anniversary. Austrian's slogan is "the charming way to fly".
Both Australia routes - Melbourne via Singapore and Sydney via Kuala Lumpur - were terminated in March 2007, ending operations on the Kangaroo Route. Austrian was the last European-based airline offering direct flights from Melbourne to Europe. It started with Lauda aircraft, and later used Austrian Airlines aircraft.
Austrian was one of the few airlines to fly to post-war Iraq when it began flights to Erbil in December 2006. New flights to Mumbai began in November 2010 and Austrian resumed flights to Baghdad on 8 June 2011. On January 13, 2013, Austrian Airlines suspended flights to Tehran due to a lack of demand. Airlines stop Iran flights as sanctions hit economy | JPost | Israel News. JPost. Retrieved on 2013-08-20. Austrian Airlines resumed flights to Chicago on May 17, 2013, and launched Newark in 2014. Austrian Airlines started service to Mauritius in the beginning of the 2015 winter schedule. The expansion of the intercontinental network seems to indicate improving results for Austrian, with Lufthansa placing its confidence in the airline. Austrian Airlines began service to Mauritius and Miami in October 2015. Austrian Airlines commenced service to Los Angeles on April 10, 2017; which is the longest non-stop Austrian flight ever; covering a distance of over 9,877 kilometres or 6,137 miles. The flight takes about 12 hours and 30 minutes, using Boeing 777-200ER aircraft.http://www.austrian.com/Info/Flightinformation/News.aspx?sc_lang=en&cc=US Austrian Airlines announced it would commence service (four times a week) to Shiraz which began on July 2, 2017, with a stopover in Isfahan using Airbus A320 aircraft. Austrian Airlines announced the resumption of flights to Cape Town from 28 October 2018.
|+ Austrian Airlines fleet|
|Airbus A320-200||25||8||var.||—||var.||168||10 used aircraft to replace Bombardier Dash 8-400s by 2021.|
|—||4||180||4 to be operated by Eurowings Europe.|
|De Havilland Dash 8-400||16||—||var.||—||var.||76||To be retired and replaced with Airbus A320-200 by 2021.|
Austrian could also receive some Boeing 787-9s ordered by the Lufthansa Group to replace their ageing Boeing 767-300ERs and 777-200ERs.
|+ Austrian Airlines historical fleet|
|Airbus A330-200||1998||2007||Disposed to TAP Air Portugal|
|Airbus A340-200||1995||2007||Disposed to French Air Force|
|Airbus A340-300||1997||2007||Disposed to Swiss International Air Lines|
|Boeing 737-600||2008||2012||Former Lauda Air fleet|
|Boeing 737-700||2008||2012||Former Lauda Air fleet|
|Boeing 737-800||2010||2013||Zur Ausmusterung der 737 bei der AUA >Austrian Wings. Austrianwings.info. Retrieved on 2013-08-20.|
|Bombardier CRJ200||1996||2010||. Austrianwings.info. Retrieved on 2014-01-14. Austrian führt allerletzten CRJ-Passagierflug durch >Austrian Wings. Austrianwings.info. Retrieved on 2014-01-14.|
|Fokker 70||1995||2017 ch-aviation.com - Austrian Airlines ends Fokker 70 operations 4 August 2017||Replaced by Embraer 195|
|Fokker 100||2004||2017||Replaced by Embraer 195|
|McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32||1971||1990|
|McDonnell Douglas DC-9-51||1975||1985|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-81||1980||1999|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-82||1983||2005|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-83||1993||2005|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-87||1987||2005|
Other aircraft types previously operated by the airline included the British Aerospace 146, Douglas DC-3, Hawker Siddeley HS 748 and Aero Commander (Grand Commander 680FL model).
Do & Co has handled catering for Austrian Airlines since 2007. On long-haul flights, Business Class meals are prepared by a chef on board.
As of 2011 all Austrian planes of the Airbus A320 family are equipped with new seats and a new cabin design. By September 2013 Austrian's entire long-haul-fleet (Boeing 767 and Boeing 777) also got new seats and a new cabin design. It contains full-flat-beds with a pneumatics-system and aisle access from nearly every seat in Business Class, and new seats with video-on-demand for every passenger in Economy Class.
Flight number range myAustrian Holidays flights cover a dedicated range of flight numbers.