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Wellingborough ( ) is a market town and in the North Northamptonshire unitary authority area of , England. It is from and from , and is on the north side of the . Google Maps: Wellingborough . Retrieved 29 January 2010

Originally named "Wendelingburgh" (the stronghold of Wændel's people),

(2024). 9780199609086, the University Press.
the settlement is mentioned in the of 1086 as "Wendelburie". The town's market was granted a in 1201 by King John. At the 2021 census, it had a population of 56,564. The built-up area also includes suburbs Wilby, , , , Stanton Cross and Glenvale Park.


History
The town was established in the Anglo-Saxon period and was called "Wendelingburgh". It is surrounded by five wells: Redwell, , Witche's Well, Lady's Well and Whytewell, which appear on its coat of arms. Explore Northamptonshire: About Wellingborough . Retrieved 28 January 2010 , the of King Charles I, came with her physician Théodore de Mayerne to take the waters on 14 July 1627.Joseph Browne, Theo. Turquet Mayernii Opera medica: Formulae Annae & Mariae (London, 1703), pp. 112–6

The medieval town of Wellingborough housed a modest – now the Jacobean Croyland Abbey – which was an offshoot of the monastery of , near , some down-river. This part of the town is known as Croyland. The Borough Council of Wellingborough: Councillors by Wards . Retrieved 7 July 2017

All Hallows Church All Hallows Church . Retrieved 23 August 2009 is the oldest existing building in Wellingborough and dates from c. 1160. The manor of Wellingborough belonged to , from Saxon times and the monks probably built the original church. Crowland Abbey . Retrieved 21 August 2009 The earliest part of the building is the Norman doorway opening in from the later south porch. The church was enlarged with the addition of more side chapels and by the end of the 13th century had assumed more or less its present plan. The west tower, crowned with a graceful rising to , was completed about 1270, after which the chancel was rebuilt and given the east window twenty years later. All Hallows Church: History . Retrieved 26 February 2010 The church was restored in 1861 by Edmund Francis Law.

(1961). 9780300096323, Yale University Press.
The 20th-century Church of St Mary was built by Ninian Comper. Architect Design: St Mary's Wellingborough . Retrieved 23 August 2009

Wellingborough was given a dated 3 April 1201 when King John granted it to the "Abbot of Croyland and the monks serving God there" continuing, "they shall have a market at Wendligburg (Wellingborough) for one day each week that is Wednesday". Wellingborough Market . Retrieved 28 January 2010

In the the Lord of the Manor, Sir Christopher Hatton was a sponsor of Sir Francis Drake's expeditions; Drake renamed one of his ships the after the heraldic symbol of the Hatton family. A hotel in a Grade II listed building built in the 17th century, was known variously as the Hind Hotel and later as the Golden Hind Hotel.

During the English Civil War the largest substantial conflict in the area was the Battle of Naseby in 1645, although a minor skirmish in the town resulted in the killing of a parliamentarian officer Captain John Sawyer. Severe reprisals followed which included the carrying off to Northampton of the parish priest, Thomas Jones, and 40 prisoners by a group of . However, after the Civil War Wellingborough was home to a colony of . Little is known about this period.

Wellingborough was bombed during World War II, on Monday 3 August 1942. Six people were killed and 55 injured; fortunately, being a bank holiday, thousands of people were away at a fair at a nearby village. Many houses and other buildings in the centre of the town were damaged in the attack.

Originally the town had two railway stations: the first called , opened in 1845 and closed in 1966, linked Peterborough with Northampton. The second station, Wellingborough Midland Road, is still in operation with trains to London and the . Since then the 'Midland Road' was dropped from the station name. The Midland Road station opened in 1857 with trains serving Kettering and a little later Corby, was linked in 1867 to London St Pancras. In 1898 in the Wellingborough rail accident six or seven people died and around 65 were injured. Railway Archive: Wellingborough Rail Crash . Retrieved 24 January 2010 In the 1880s two businessmen held a public meeting to build three tram lines in Wellingborough, the group merged with a similar company in who started to lay tram tracks, but within two years the plans were abandoned due to lack of funds. The Northants Evening Telegraph, 'Millennium Memories', Saturday 1 January 2000,


Governance
Wellingborough is part of the unitary authority of North Northamptonshire. Until 2021 it was seat of Borough Council of Wellingborough The borough council covered 20 settlements including the town together with , , , Ecton, , , , Grendon, Hardwick, , , , , , , , , Wilby, and Wollaston.

In April 2021 the Borough of Wellingborough was abolished and replaced by a new unitary authority called North Northamptonshire, which covers the areas of the districts of Wellingborough, Corby, East Northamptonshire and Kettering. Elections for the new authorities were due to be held on 7 May 2020, but were delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Concurrent with these changes, the of Wellingborough was established as a and gained a new Town Council, eliminating the need for . Wellingborough has a .

Wellingborough is part of the Wellingborough Constituency which includes the town, surrounding villages and other urban areas. The current MP is . Most wards in the (former) Borough Council of Wellingborough are covered by the constituency and also include the wards in the (former) East Northamptonshire district, the wards are: , , Croyland, , and Wilby, Harrowden & (excluding Ecton, , and which all appear in the constituency due to overlapping parliamentary and local government boundary reviews), Hatton, Lancaster, Higham Ferrers Chichele, Irchester, Isebrook, Queensway, Redwell, Rixon, Hayden, Rushden Spencer, Rushden Bates, Rushden Sartoris, Rushden Pemberton, Swanspool, Victoria, and Wollaston. Wellingborough Conservatives . Retrieved 28 January 2010 Wellingborough is currently represented in the House of Commons by . In the 1918 general election it became the first constituency in outside to be represented by the Labour Party.

Prior to in 2020, Wellingborough was represented by the East Midlands constituency in the European Parliament. UK Office of the European Parliament: East Midlands MEPs Access Date 2 March 2010


Geography

Geology
The town is sited on the hills adjoining the flood plain of the . Northamptonshire flood plains . Retrieved 28 January 2010 Wellingborough Geology Map . Retrieved 28 January 2010 In the predominantly agrarian Middle Ages, this combination of access to fertile, if flood-prone, valley bottom soils and drier (but heavier and more clay-rich) hillside/ hilltop soils seems to have been good for a mixed agricultural base. The clay-rich hilltop soils are primarily a consequence of blanketing of the area with or glacial during the recent glaciations. Borough Council of Wellingborough: Northamptonshire Geology . Retrieved 11 June 2010 On the valley sides and valley floor however, these deposits have been largely washed away in the late glacial period, and in the valley bottom extensive deposits of gravels were laid down, which have largely been exploited for building aggregate in the last century.


Iron ore
The most economically important aspect of the geology of the area is the formation. This is a marine sand of age ( stage), deposited as part of an estuary sequence and overlain by a sequence of limestones and mudrocks. Significant amounts of the sand have been replaced or displaced by iron minerals, giving an average ore grade of around 25 wt% iron. To the west the iron ores have been moderately exploited for a very long time, but their high phosphorus content made them difficult to smelt and produced iron of poor quality until the development of the steel-making process and the "" smelting chemistry, which combine to make high-quality steelmaking possible from these unprepossessing ores. The Northampton Sands were a strategic resource for the United Kingdom in the run-up to World War II, being the best-developed bulk iron-producing processes wholly free from dependence on imported materials. However, because the Northampton Sands share in the regional of all the sediments of this part of Britain to the east-south-east, they become increasingly difficult to work as one progresses east across the county. Northants Geology Map . Retrieved 28 January 2010. Retrieved 28 January 2010

Iron ore quarrying was a major industry in and around Wellingborough from the 1860s until the 1960s. James Rixon and Wiliam Ashwell opened a major ironworks on the north side of the town in 1870, supplied by the extensive ironstone quarries around to the east of the town. Three narrow gauge tramways served the iron ore industry, the Wellingborough Tramway, Neilson's Tramway and the Finedonhill Tramway. The Wellingborough Tramway served Rixon's ironworks until 1966.


Climate
Wellingborough experiences an (Köppen climate classification) which is similar to most of the .


Compass
Wellingborough's nearest towns are , , and .


Demography
Wellingborough's population expanded rapidly from the 1960s and 1970s as agreements were signed between the Urban District Council and London County Council and the Greater London Council for the town to re-house over-spill population from London. Following the post World War II arrival of immigrants from the Commonwealth of Nations into Britain, a sizeable and Indian/ community grew up in the market town, and now represents 11% of the town. The Borough Council of Wellingborough: Population . Retrieved 23 August 2009


Housing

Housing estates
Wellingborough is home to three medium-sized public : , Queensway and Kingsway. Hemmingwell and Kingsway as well as a large portion of Queensway were built to re-house over-spill population from London. There are also smaller estates such as Spring Gardens and Knights Court. These estates account for a large part of the Wellingborough residence.


Economy
Wellingborough has approximately 2,500 registered businesses within its boundaries. Connected Wellingborough: Opportunities . Retrieved 12 June 2010 Much of the town centre was redeveloped during the 1970s, when it grew rapidly from London overspill. The Borough Council has adopted a 'Town Centre Action Plan'. Growth in Wellingborough . Retrieved 28 January 2010 The former traditional economic structure based on footwear and engineering is gradually diversifying with wholesale, logistics, and service sectors providing new opportunities for employment.

As a market town, Wellingborough has major high street chains mainly located in the town centre. The only shopping centre, , Swansgate Shopping Centre . Retrieved 28 January 2010 previously known as the Arndale Centre, was built in the 1970s. Since 2009 the Borough Council has been looking at rebuilding the centre The Borough Council of Wellingborough: Rebuilding Swansgate . Retrieved 20 April 2010 and major stores want bigger floor-spaces. Northants Evening Telegraph: Big-names too large for town. Retrieved 30 January 2010 Supplementing the town centre shops are several out-of-town retail parks and supermarkets including a Sainsbury's, Sainsbury's: Wellingborough Store . Retrieved 30 January 2010 four Tesco: Store Locator . Retrieved 30 January 2010 stores, an Aldi: Wellingborough store . Retrieved 30 January 2010 store and a Morrisons: Wellingborough store . Retrieved 30 January 2010 store in the town centre. The town has a market three times a week and a weekly privately organised market.

Other businesses operating within the town include motorsport, high performance engineering, distribution, engineering, environmental technology and renewable energy, digital and creative media, financial and business services, and global brands, once such brand being at Park Farm and Lok'nStore Plc. There are several industrial estates in the town, these include Park Farm, Borough Council of Wellingborough: Park Farm industrial estate . Retrieved 30 January 2010 Denington, Borough Council of Wellingborough: Denington industrial estate . Retrieved 30 January 2010 Leyland Whittle Jones : Leyland Trading Estate – Formally the British Leyland Foundry and Manufacturing Plant, until its closure in September 1981. Retrieved 30 January 2010 and Finedon Road. Borough Council of Wellingborough: Finedon Road industrial estate . Retrieved 30 January 2010

Future developments

As part of its Milton Keynes (MKSM) study, the government has identified Wellingborough as one of several towns in Northamptonshire into which growth will be directed over the next thirty years. It allocates 12,800 additional homes to Wellingborough, and will also create additional facilities, further improve the town centre, improve infrastructure and increase employment opportunities. A jobs growth target of 12,400 jobs has been set to accompany the large scale housing growth. North Northants Development Company . Retrieved 28 January 2010 A plan for 3,000 homes north of the town has been accepted by the British Government after an appeal by Bee Bee Developments. The plan was first refused by Wellingborough Borough Council.

As a result, plans have been made for a major urban extension in the town, mainly to the east of the railway station. When finished, the town would be around 30% larger and 3,200 new homes would be built on 'Stanton Cross' site, with new schools, bus stops, community centres, shops, a doctor's surgery and new open spaces. The Borough Council of Wellingborough Housing Strategy (PDF) . Retrieved 23 August 2009 The railway station would be developed into an 'interchange' with local buses and trains. The upgrade would provide a new platform, footbridge and new station buildings. The Borough Council of Wellingborough: Growth Area Development May 2009 . Retrieved 20 April 2010 Outside the station a new road bridge from Midland Road over the railway line is also planned with a new footbridge to reach the new development. The Borough Council of Wellingborough: Growth Area Fact Sheet 2007 . Retrieved 20 April 2010 Other plans to include the development of the High Street, Shelley Road and the north of the town areas are also being considered. Wellingborough planning . Retrieved 28 January 2010

In November 2021 development on two fields between Park Farm and the Queensway estate was underway with a mix of one to four-bedroom properties and much needed social housing for the town. The development will comprise 600 properties, including 180 affordable homes, education, health and sports facilities and dedicated open space.

Developer contributions to the town also include money towards the expansion of All Saints Primary School and a new secondary school at Stanton Cross. ECL was appointed as Principal Contractors for the Park Farm’s infrastructure and groundworks.


Transport
The A45 dual carriageway skirting to the south, links the town with the A14, and M1 which also allows links to the east and west of the country. The A45 links Wellingborough with , , , , , and . The town is served by a bus network provided by Stagecoach in Northants, with local Wellingborough buses the W1, W2 and W8 links the town centre (Church Street) with local suburbs and villages.Northamptonshire. Retrieved 26 July 2013 Departing every 30 minutes the X4 service also links the town with , Northampton, Kettering, , Oundle and Peterborough. Stagecoach Northants X4 . Retrieved 28 January 2010 Other routes include 44/45, X46 and X47.

East Midlands Railway operate direct trains to London St Pancras International from Wellingborough railway station, departing every 30 minutes, with an average journey time of around 55 minutes. Trains: Midland Main Line Timetable. Retrieved 26 July 2013 The railway line also connects Wellingborough with , , , , , , , and . Just north of the railway station is a location, usage is for London Underground maintenance and other freight services. GB Railfreight: Locations, Wellingborough . Retrieved 8 August 2010 Platform 4 was rebuilt and opened in 2021.

Several UK airports are within two hours' drive of the town, including London Luton, East Midlands, Birmingham and London Stansted. Luton can be reached directly by train while East Midlands and Stansted can be reached by one change at Leicester. , located 5 miles northwest of Wellingborough, caters for , and corporate flights.


Education
Fourteen government controlled primary schools feed the secondary schools that include: Wellingborough School, an independent, fee-paying school with a cadet force, and the state secondary schools of Sir Christopher Hatton Academy, (formerly the Technical Grammar School & then Weavers School), (formerly the Wellingborough Grammar School) and also gives home to the local Sea Cadet Unit, and Friars School. Northampton County Council: Map of Schools . Retrieved 28 January 2010

The Tresham College of Further and Higher Education has a campus in Wellingborough, as well as locations in and . Tresham College: Our Campuses . Retrieved 8 August 2009 It provides further education and offers vocational courses. Tresham College: Our Courses . Retrieved 8 August 2009 In collaboration with several universities the college also offers Higher Education options. Tresham College: Higher Education . Retrieved 8 August 2009

The University of Northampton in , with around 10,000 students on two campuses, offers courses from foundation and undergraduate levels to postgraduate, professional and doctoral qualifications. Subjects include traditional arts, humanities and sciences subjects, as well as entrepreneurship, product design and advertising. The University of Northampton: About Us . Retrieved 8 August 2009


Cadet Units
The D-Coy Corps of Drums of the Leicestershire, Northamtponshire and Rutland Army Cadet Force is based in the town.

The town also has its own Air Cadet Squadron, 378 (Mannock) Squadron which is the only squadron in the corps to not be named after a geographical location, but after a person,


Culture
The Castle Theatre was opened in 1995 on the site of Wellingborough's old Cattle Market. Castle Theatre: History . Retrieved 21 March 2010 It brings not only a theatre to the area but other facilities for local people. Most rooms are used on a daily basis by the local community, users include the Castle Youth Theatre Castle Theatre: Youth theatre . Retrieved 2 March 2010 and Youth Dance. Castle Theatre: Youth dance . Retrieved 2 March 2010

Wellingborough has a public library in the corner of the market square. Northamptonshire County Council: Wellingborough Library . Retrieved 28 January 2010 The Wellingborough Museum, Wellingborough Museum's website Retrieved 19 June 2010 an independent museum run by the Winifred Wharton Trust, located next door to The Castle Theatre, has exhibitions which show the past of Wellingborough and the surrounding villages. The museum is housed in a Victorian swimming pool ("Dulley's Baths") built in 1892, from 1918 to 1995 it was Cox's shoe factory. Accompanying the exhibitions and articles is a souvenir shop and café. Wellingborough Museum entry on Culture24 . Retrieved 28 January 2010


Media
Local news and television programmes are provided by and . Television signals are received from the Sandy Heath TV transmitter.

The town’s local radio stations are BBC Radio Northampton on 103.6 FM, on 96.6 FM and Smooth East Midlands (formerly Connect FM) on 97.2 FM.

Local newspapers are the Northampton Herald & Post and Northamptonshire Telegraph.


Sport
Wellingborough is home to two football clubs: Wellingborough Town Wellingborough Town F.C. . Retrieved 28 January 2010 and Wellingborough Whitworth. Wellingborough Whitworth . Retrieved 28 January 2010 From 14 April 1928 a short lived, small independent (not affiliated to the sports governing body) greyhound racing track was opened around the football pitch at the Dog and Duck Ground.

In 2009 the town's rugby club was the first club to be awarded the RFU Whole Club Seal of Approval in the . Wellingborough Rugby Football Club . Retrieved 14 January Harrowden Hall, a 17th-century building in village just on the outskirts of the town, is the clubhouse of a privately owned golf course. Wellingborough Golf Club . Retrieved 28 January 2010 The four leisure centres and health clubs in Wellingborough include Bannatyne, Redwell, Waendel and Weavers (which is part of Weavers school). The Borough Council of Wellingborough: Leisure centres. Retrieved 28 January 2010

Wellingborough was also served for many years by Club Diana. Club Diana was closed by administrators on 1 June 2011. Town fitness club in administration – Top Stories – Northamptonshire Telegraph . Northantset.co.uk (31 May 2011). Retrieved 17 July 2013. However it has now been reopened and is available once again. It has a swimming pool, 5 squash courts and a bar and restaurant.

The Waendel Leisure Centre is the main council-owned leisure centre in Wellingborough. The facility includes a six-lane 25-metre competition pool, varying in depth from 1 to 2 metres, and used for many purposes including the main training pool for Wellingborough Amateur Swimming Club. The pool is regularly used for small competitions, as other than Corby Pool it is the only other aptly equipped facility – boasting new starting blocks, as well as an integrated timing system and time board. The pool also has a small, shallow, 'teaching' pool, more suitable for non-swimmers. Waendel also operates a newly refurbished gym on the upper level.

Waendel and Redwell Leisure Centres are both owned by Wellingborough Borough Council, however are operated on their behalf by Places for People. Waendel pool is currently in need of urgent repairs due to tiles coming away from the pool floor.

Wellingborough Phoenix is one of the United Kingdom's largest basketball clubs; the men's first team currently play in EBL Division 3 and the women play in EBL Division 2. Youth teams also play in the EBL; ages ranging from u13 to u16.English Basketball League

On the second weekend in May, the annual non-competitive Waendel Walk is held in Wellingborough, with a variety of routes through the local countryside. The walk is affiliated to the International Marching League.


Services
Several NHS centres provide health care facilities, with Isebrook Hospital being equipped for procedures such as large X-Rays and neurological investigations, and long-term care, that are not catered for by primary care surgeries. Accident & Emergency (A&E), maternity, NHS: Maternity Details . Retrieved 28 January 2010 and surgical issues are mainly covered by Kettering General Hospital. The is provided by Warkshire and Northamptonshire Air Ambulance service. Warkshire and Northamptonshire Air Ambulance . Retrieved 2 March 2010 A petition signed by thousands of local residents in the towns of Wellingborough and Rushden for a new A&E to be built in Wellingborough has been handed to 10 Downing Street (when Prime Minister was in power), by local MP on 10 February 2010.

HMP Five Wells is based in Wellingborough.


Landmarks
The railway station is a Grade II Listed building, and among the many unusual and other listed buildings in Wellingborough is the 600-year-old Grade I listed steeple that forms part of All Hallows Church.

The Three Silver Ladies is one of two identical sculptures installed on the Harrowden Road, They depict local Roman history, the river, and the townspeople working together. Geograph . Retrieved 24 June 2010

To the west of the town centre is the Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Church which according to has "highly original details," and a "lavishly finished interior.", Wellingborough – Our Lady and the Sacred Heart, Taking Stock, retrieved 14 May 2022


Notable people
  • Sir Paul Pindar (1565–1650), Ambassador of King James I.
  • William Bull (1738–1814), an English independent minister.
  • John Clarke (1761–1815), physician and obstetrician.
  • (1825–1894), a working class poet who published five volumes of poetry.
  • Harry Crane Perrin (1865– 1953), a cathedral organist at Canterbury Cathedral
  • (1882–1945), politician and trade unionist.
  • (1882–1960), scientist and photographic researcher.
  • F. H. Gravely (1885–1965), an .
  • Arthur Allen (1887–1981), footwear manufacturer, trade union and politician.
  • VC, DSO & Two Bars, MC & Bar (1887–1918), RAF Flying Ace.
  • Sir (1939–2013), OBE, BroadcasterTall, David & Graham (2006) Memories of Wellingborough Grammar School Foreword by Sir David Frost .
  • (1942–2020), politician and local MP.
  • (1947–2004), writer and author on wargaming, lived locally.
  • (born 1956), writer of children's books
  • Jim Murray (born 1957), writer, journalist and whisky critic.
  • Peter Murphy (born 1957), lead vocalist of band .
  • (born 1968), lead singer and songwriter of the rock band .
  • (born 1988), politician, grew up locally; junior minister and MP for
Corby
  • (born 1991), YouTuber and professional gamer, known as DanTDM


Sport
  • Bill Perkins (1876-ca 1940), football goalkeeper, played 208 games
  • (1888–1949), footballer, played 342 games
  • (1878–1932). footballer with over 300 pro games
  • (1929–2004), rugby player, played 28 games for England.
  • Brian Hill (born 1947), football referee.
  • (born 1950), first Black British female Olympian.
  • (born 1952), darts player
  • (1972–2003), strongman, died locally
  • (born 1970), snooker player.
  • Rory McLeod (born 1971), snooker player.
  • (born 1979), footballer, played 396 games


Twin towns
Wellingborough is with:

Wellingborough also has relations with , township in Burlington County, , United States.


See also
  • Grade I listed buildings in Wellingborough (borough)
  • Grade II* listed buildings in Wellingborough (borough)


External links

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