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Phalerum
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Phalerum (: Φάληρον, Phálēron; : Φάληρο, Fáliro) was a port of , 5 km southwest of the Acropolis of Athens, on a bay of the . The bay is also referred to as Bay of Phalerum (Όρμος Φαλήρου ''Ormos).

The area of Phalerum is now occupied by the towns , , and , all of which being part of the Athens agglomeration.

Phalerum was the major port of Athens before had the three rocky natural harbours by the promontory of developed as alternative, from 491 BC. It was said that set sail with his fleet to from Phalerum, as so did when he sailed to after the death of .Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.1.2

Recently, archaeologists have uncovered what appear to be traces of ancient Athens’s first port before the city’s naval and shipping centre was moved to Piraeus. The site, some 350 m from the modern coastline, contained pottery, tracks from the carts that would have served the port, and makeshift fireplaces where travelers waiting to take ship would have cooked and kept warm.

The Park of Maritime Tradition, a collection of preserved historic ships, is located at the site. At the southern tip is the permanent anchorage of the armored cruiser HS Averof (now a floating museum), which was the admiralty ship of the during the and World War I. Other museum ships include the Hellenic Navy destroyer HS Velos (D16), the old cable ship Thalis o Milisios (Thales of Miletos)Formerly the US Army cable ship Joseph Henry and Olympias, a modern reconstruction of an ancient naval ship.


Notable people
  • Demetrius of Phalerum, orator
  • Diogenes Laërtius said that Musaeus died in Phalerum

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