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   » » Wiki: Megadiverse Countries
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A megadiverse country is one of a group of nations that harbours the majority of Earth's species and high numbers of . Conservation International identified 17 megadiverse countries in 1998, all of which are located at least partially in or regions.

Megadiversity means exhibiting great . The main criterion for megadiverse countries is at the level of species, genera and families. A megadiverse country must have at least 5,000 species of endemic plants and must border marine ecosystems.

In 2002, formed a separate organization focusing on Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries, consisting of countries rich in biological diversity and associated traditional knowledge. This organization includes all but three megadiverse countries as identified by Conservation International.


Cancún initiative and declaration of Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries
On 18 February 2002, the Ministers in charge of the Environment and the Delegates of , , , , , , , , , the , and assembled in Cancún, Mexico. These countries declared to set up a Group of Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries (LMMC) to promote consultation and cooperation on the preservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
(2024). 9783031243691, Palgrave Macmillan.
They also declared that they would call on those countries that had not become Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, and the on climate change to become parties to these agreements.

At the same time, they agreed to meet periodically, at the ministerial and expert levels, and decided that upon the conclusion of each annual Ministerial Meeting, the next rotating host country would take on the role of Secretary of the group, to ensure its continuity, the further development of cooperation among these countries, and to reach the various agreements and objectives. The 17 LMMC member countries in 2002 are home to approximately 70% of Earth's species.

Later, in 2010, Guatemala and Iran were also included in the list.


List of megadiverse countries
In alphabetical order, the 17 megadiverse countries are:


Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries
The current member countries of the Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries organization are as follows, in alphabetical order:


List of most biodiverse countries 2022
+TOP 20 Global Biodiversity Index
512.34
418.78
369.76
365.84
342.47
337.18
330.12
301.63
291.58
280.13
273.39
226.57
221.77
216.97
214.71
214.43
213.10
209.55
207.94
200.77


See also


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