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   » » Wiki: Lorem Ipsum
Tag Wiki 'Lorem Ipsum'.
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Lorem ipsum
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In and , Lorem ipsum is a commonly used to demonstrate the visual form of a document or a typeface without relying on meaningful content. Lorem ipsum may be used before final copy is available, but it may also be used to temporarily replace copy in a process called , which allows designers to consider form without the meaning of the text influencing the design.

Lorem ipsum is typically a corrupted version of De finibus bonorum et malorum, a first-century BCE text by the statesman and philosopher , with words altered, added, and removed to make it nonsensical, improper .

Versions of the Lorem ipsum text have been used in at least since the 1960s, when it was popularized by advertisements for transfer sheets. Lorem ipsum was introduced to the digital world in the mid-1980s when employed it in graphic and word-processing templates for its desktop publishing program . Other popular word processors including Pages and have since adopted Lorem ipsum as well.


Example text
A common form of Lorem ipsum reads:


Source text
The Lorem ipsum text is derived from sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 of Cicero's De finibus bonorum et malorum. The physical source may have been the 1914 Loeb Classical Library edition of De finibus, where the Latin text, presented on the left-hand (even) pages, breaks off on page 34 with " Neque porro quisquam est qui do-" and continues on page 36 with " lorem ipsum...", suggesting that the of that page was mixed up to make the dummy text seen today.

The discovery of the text's origin is attributed to Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar at Hampden–Sydney College. McClintock connected Lorem ipsum to Cicero's writing sometime before 1982 while searching for instances of the Latin word , which was rarely used in classical literature. McClintock first published his discovery in a 1994 letter to the editor of Before & After magazine, contesting the editor's earlier claim that Lorem ipsum had no meaning.

The relevant section of Cicero as printed in the source is reproduced below with fragments used in Lorem ipsum underlined. Letters in brackets were added to Lorem ipsum and were not present in the source text:

This is H. Rackham's translation as printed in the Loeb Classical Library edition with underlining added for the translation of the text found in the example of the Lorem ipsum:


Variations
Lorem ipsum passages were popularized on Letraset dry-transfer sheets from the early 1970s, which were produced to be used by graphic designers for filler text. Aldus Corporation created a version in the mid-1980s for their desktop publishing program .

A variety of software today can generate semi-random text which looks like jumbled . Apple's Pages and software employs such jumbled text as sample screenplay layout. Lorem ipsum is also featured on Joomla!, , Google Slides, and web content managers. and have a Lorem ipsum generation feature. Several packages produce Lorem ipsum–style text.


See also


External links
  • The original (Book 1) from Cicero, on Latin WikiSource

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