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L (named el )"L" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989) Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged. (1993); "el", "ells", op. cit. is the twelfth letter of the and the ISO basic Latin alphabet, used in words such as lagoon, lantern, and less.


History
S39
Lamedh may have come from a pictogram of an ox goad or cattle prod. Some have suggested a shepherd's staff.


Use in writing systems

Phonetic and phonemic transcription
In phonetic and phonemic transcription, the International Phonetic Alphabet uses to represent the lateral alveolar approximant.


English
In English orthography, usually represents the phoneme , which can have several sound values, depending on the speaker's accent, and whether it occurs before or after a vowel. The alveolar lateral approximant (the sound represented in IPA by lowercase ) occurs before a vowel, as in lip or blend, while the velarized alveolar lateral approximant (IPA ) occurs in bell and milk. This velarization does not occur in many European languages that use ; it is also a factor making the pronunciation of difficult for users of languages that lack or have different values for it, such as Japanese or some southern dialects of . A medical condition or speech impediment restricting the pronunciation of is known as .

In English orthography, is often silent in such words as walk or could (though its presence can modify the preceding vowel letter's sound), and it is usually silent in such words as palm and psalm; however, there is some regional variation.


Other languages
usually represents the sound  or some other lateral consonant.
     

Common digraphs include , which has a value identical to in English, but has the separate value voiceless alveolar lateral fricative (IPA ) in , where it can appear in an initial position. In Spanish, represents ʎ, j, ʝ, ɟʝ, or ʃ, depending on dialect.

A palatal lateral approximant or palatal (IPA ) occurs in many languages, and is represented by in , in and , in Portuguese, and in .


Other uses
The capital letter L is used as the currency sign for the and the . It was often used, especially in handwriting, as the currency sign for the . It is also infrequently used as a substitute for the (£), which is based on it.

The Ⅼ represents the number 50.

(1983). 9780520038981, University of California Press. .


Forms and variants
In some fonts, the lowercase letter may be difficult to distinguish from the digit one , or an uppercase letter . In recent times, many new fonts have curved the lowercase form to the right. It is increasingly common, especially on European road signs and advertisements, to use a script or cursive, handwriting-style character (e.g. l). A special letter-like symbol is sometimes used for this purpose in mathematics and elsewhere. In Japan, for example, this is the symbol for the . Its command is \ell. In it is (with a numeric character reference of ℓ). however, this glyph has been deprecated by the SI.. Another solution sometimes seen in is to use a serif font for "lower-case ell" in otherwise sans-serif material (1 l).


Related characters

Descendants and related characters in the Latin alphabet
  • IPA-specific symbols related to L:
  • Uralic Phonetic Alphabet-specific symbols related to L: and
  • ₗ : Subscript small l was used in the Uralic Phonetic Alphabet prior to its formal standardization in 1902
  • ȴ : L with curl is used in Sino-Tibetanist linguistics
  • Ꞁ ꞁ : Turned L was used by to designate the Welsh voiced lateral spirant ɬ
  • Other variations are used for phonetic transcription: ᶅ ᶩ ᶪ ᶫ
  • Ꝇ ꝇ : Broken L was used in some medieval Nordic manuscripts
  • phonetic transcription-specific symbols related to R:
  • L with : Ĺ ĺ Ł ł Ľ ľ Ḹ ḹ L̃ l̃ Ŀ ŀ Ḷ ḷ Ḻ ḻ Ḽ ḽ Ƚ ƚ Ⱡ ⱡ


Derived signs, symbols and abbreviations
  • ℒ ℓ : Script letter L (capital and lowercase, respectively)
  • £ :
  • ₤ :
  • Ꝉ ꝉ : Forms of L were used for medieval scribal abbreviations


Ancestors and siblings in other alphabets
  • 𐤋 : Semitic letter , from which the following symbols originally derive


Computing codes
1


Other representations

External links
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