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Han system

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The han or domain is the historical term for the estate of a warrior after the 12th century or of a daimyō in the (1603–1868) and early (1868–1912).Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Han" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 283.

In the (1467 – 1603), Toyotomi Hideyoshi caused a transformation of the han system. The feudal system based on land became an abstraction based on periodic surveys and projected agricultural yields. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.

In Japan, a feudal domain was defined in terms of projected annual income. This was different from the of the West. For example, early such as and made a point of highlighting the annual yields which were allocated for the at since the 12th century.. (1888). "Shimazu" in Ancien Japon, pp. 77; compare . (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). Nobiliare du Japon, p. 55; retrieved 2013-3-23.

In 1690, the richest han was the with slightly over 1 million .. (1993). Early Modern Japan, p. 119. It was in , Etchū and provinces.

Edo period
In the , the domains of daimyōs were defined in terms of , not land area.Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 17. Imperial provincial subdivisions and shogunal domain subdivisions were complementary systems. For example, when the shogun ordered daimyōs to make a census of its people or to make maps, the work was organized along the borders of the provincial kuni.Roberts, Luke S. (2002). Mercantilism in a Japanese Domain: the merchant origins of economic nationalism in 18th-century Tosa, p. 6

Meiji period
In the from 1869 to 1871, the title of daimyō in the han system was han-chiji or chihanji.Lebra, Takie S. (1995). Above the Clouds: Status Culture of the Modern Japanese Nobility, p. 29

In 1871, almost all of the domains were disbanded; and the prefectures of Japan replaced the han system. At the same time, the Meiji government created the Ryūkyū Domain which existed from 1872 through 1879.Matsumura, Wendy. (2007). Becoming Okinawan: Japanese Capitalism and Changing Representations of Okinawa, p. 38.

See also
  • List of Han
  • Abolition of the han system


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