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   » » Wiki: Yorkville, Manhattan
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Yorkville is a neighborhood in the Upper East Side of , New York City. Its southern boundary is East 72nd Street, its northern East 96th Street, its western , and its eastern the . Yorkville is among the city's most affluent neighborhoods.

Yorkville is part of Manhattan Community District 8, and its primary are 10028, 10075, and 10128. It is patrolled by the 19th Precinct of the New York City Police Department.


Early history
Pre-colonization, Yorkville was an undeveloped area of forests and streams. In August 1776, George Washington stationed half of his in Manhattan and the other half in . Many troops in the Yorkville area on Manhattan's Upper East Side were in defensive positions along the to protect a possible retreat off , and to inflict damage on invading land and sea British forces. Following their August 27 defeat in the Battle of Long Island, the Continentals implemented an orderly pivoting retreat in the Yorkville area, leading the enemy to entice the Continentals to fight by piping "Fly Away", about a fox running away from hounds. The Continentals' disciplined northerly retreat led to the successful Battle of Harlem Heights in September 1776.

In 1815, the Upper East Side was a farmland and market garden district. The Boston Post Road traversed the Upper East Side, locally called the Eastern Post Road; milepost 6 was near the northeast corner of Third Avenue and 81st Street. From 1833 to 1837 the New York and Harlem Railroad, one of the earliest railway systems in the United States, was extended through the Upper East Side along Fourth Avenue (later renamed ). A hamlet grew near the 86th Street station, becoming the Yorkville neighborhood as gradual yet steady commercial development occurred. The current was laid-out between 1839 and 1844 as part of the Commissioners' Plan of 1811, so the Eastern Post Road was abandoned. The community had been referred to as Yorkville before 1867.

By 1850, a significant proportion of the inhabitants of the area were the Germans and Irish that helped build the .

(2022). 9780738505435, Arcadia Publishing. .
The area was included in the 19th administrative district, whose boundaries were 40th and 86th Street. In 1858, were built along Second and Third Avenues. After the American Civil War, mansions replaced in Yorkville. On December 30, 1878, the IRT Third Avenue Line opened, followed by the IRT Second Avenue Line in August 1879.

Ethnic settlement
For much of the 19th and into the 20th centuries, Yorkville was a mostly enclave of middle- to working-class families. Over time, many people of , , , , , and descent moved in. The neighborhood became more affluent.
(2022). 9780313313073, Greenwood Publishing Group. .

From 1880, Yorkville became a destination for German-born immigrants. However, by the 1900s, many German residents moved to Yorkville and other neighborhoods from "Kleindeutschland" (Little Germany) on the Lower East Side after the disaster on June 15, 1904. The ship caught fire in the just off the shores of Yorkville, leading family members to move closer to the site of the incident.King, Gilbert. "A Spectacle of Horror – The Burning of the General Slocum; The deadliest disaster in New York before 9/11 killed many women and children and ultimately erased a German community from the map of Manhattan.", Smithsonian magazine, February 21, 2012. Accessed May 18, 2016. "The men of Little Germany were suddenly without families. Funerals were held for more than a week, and the desolate schoolyards of Kleindeutschland were painful reminders of their loss. Many widowers and broken families moved uptown to Yorkville to be closer to the scene of the disaster, establishing a new Germantown on Manhattan’s Upper East Side." Most of the passengers on the ship were German. In addition, the general trend towards moving to the suburbs reduced the German population in Manhattan; by 1930, most German New Yorkers lived in .

On 86th Street, in the central portion of Yorkville, there were many German shops, restaurants and bakeries. Yorkville became the melting pot of populations arriving from various regions of the Prussian-dominated and its colonies, where many cultures spoke German. In the 1930s, the neighborhood was the home base of Fritz Julius Kuhn's German American Bund, the most notorious pro- group in 1930s United States, which led to spontaneous protests by other residents. Yorkville was a haven for refugees from in the 1940s, and from refugees from communist regimes in the 1950s and 1960s. The neighborhood is the site of the annual , a large German-American celebration.

The largest non-German group were the Irish, "The History of Yorkville" by Kathryn A. Jolowicz who mostly lived in an area bounded by 81st and 85th Streets, and and . They attended mass at such churches as St. Ignatius Loyola on 84th Street and , Our Lady of Good Counsel (90th Street) and the Church of St. Joseph (87th Street). There were many Irish bars including Finnegan's Wake, Dorrian's Red Hand Restaurant, Ireland's 32, Carrol's Hideaway, O'Brien's and Tavern. Until the late 1990s, New York's St. Patrick's Day Parade ended at 86th Street and , the historical center of Yorkville. "A Guide To The NYC St. Patrick's Day Parade", CBS New York, March 15, 2013 In addition, Jews also lived on Second Avenue., p. 1428

79th Street was a hub for the Austro-Hungarian populace. Popular restaurants included the Viennese Lantern, Tokay, Hungarian Gardens, Robert Heller's Cafe Abbazia at 2nd Avenue, and the Debrecen. There were also a number of butcher stores and businesses that imported goods from Hungary. Churches included St. Stephen Catholic Church and the Hungarian Reformed Church on East 82nd Street. In addition, , and lived from 65th to 73rd Street. Besides Ruc, a Czech restaurant off Second Avenue, Praha on Second Avenue, and Varsata on East 75th, there were halls on 67th and 71st Streets. There were other Czech and Slovak businesses, such as Czech butcher shops, poultry and grocery stores, and shops that sold imported goods such as books, leather products and crystal.

Recent history
Around the late 1920s, Yorkville's ethnic diversity was beginning to wane. In 1926, the New York Times wrote of Yorkville's changing ethnic makeup:

In 1928, a one-block section of Sutton Place north of 59th Street, and all of Avenue A north of that point, was renamed York Avenue to honor U.S. Army Sergeant , who received the Medal of Honor for attacking a German machine gun nest during World War I's Meuse-Argonne Offensive.Gray, Christopher. " Streetscapes/Sutton Place, Sutton Place South and One Sutton Place North; A Prestigious Enclave With a Name in Question", The New York Times, September 21, 2003. Accessed December 27, 2007.Pollak, Michael. "F. Y. I.", The New York Times, August 7, 2005. Accessed October 16, 2007. "In 1928, Sutton Place from 59th to 60th Street, and Avenue A north of 60th, were renamed York Avenue in honor of Sgt. Alvin C. York (1887–1964), a World War I hero from Tennessee and a recipient of the Medal of Honor."During his attack on October 8, 1918, York captured four German officers and 128 men and several guns.

The dismantling of the Third Avenue El in 1955 led to the demolition of many mansions. This led to the acceleration of the exodus of Yorkville residents. Over the years, this trend continued. Thus, in the 1980s, a building for members of the German gymnastic society , at the intersection of 86th Street and Lexington Avenue, was demolished. Cafe Mozart, on 86th Street between Second and Third Avenues, was also demolished. In their place were built high-rise residential complexes.

By the turn of the 21st century, East 82nd Street was co-named St. Stephen of Hungary Way. The area from East 79th to 83rd Streets, spanning approximately four blocks east-west, is colloquially known as Little Hungary. "Little Hungary", Forgotten New York

Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Yorkville was 77,942, an increase of 1,174 (1.5%) from the 76,768 counted in 2000. Covering an area of , the neighborhood had a population density of . Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre – New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division – New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed May 18, 2016.

The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 76.0% (59,233) white, 3.7% (2,858) African American, 0.1% (51) Native American, 9.3% (7,226) Asian, 0.0% (25) Pacific Islander, 0.3% (216) from other races, and 1.9% (1,466) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.8% (6,867) of the population. Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin – New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division – New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed May 18, 2016.

The racial composition of Yorkville changed moderately from 2000 to 2010. The most significant changes were the increase in the Asian population by 41% (2,117), the increase in the Hispanic / Latino population by 18% (1,024), and the decrease in the white population by 4% (2,201). The Black population increased by 2% (64) and remained small, as did the population of all other races, which increased by 11% (170).

The median income for a household in Yorkville is almost twice the average for the city, at $85,724.

Police and crime
Yorkville is patrolled by the 19th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 153 East 67th Street. The 19th Precinct ranked 14th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010.

The 19th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 84.5% between 1990 and 2019. The precinct reported 0 murders, 18 rapes, 171 robberies, 138 felony assaults, 223 burglaries, 1,658 grand larcenies, and 65 grand larcenies auto in 2019.

Fire safety
Yorkville is served by two New York City Fire Department (FDNY) fire stations:
  • Engine Co. 44 – 221 East 75th Street
  • Engine Co. 22/Ladder Co. 13/Battalion 10 – 159 East 85th Street

Post offices and ZIP Codes
Yorkville is located in three primary . From south to north, they are 10075 (between 76th and 80th Streets), 10028 (between 80th and 86th Streets), and 10128 (north of 86th Street). In addition, 500 East 77th Street in Yorkville has its own ZIP Code, 10162. The United States Postal Service operates three post offices in Yorkville:
  • Cherokee Station – 1483 York Avenue
  • Gracie Station – 229 East 85th Street
  • Yorkville Station – 1617 Third Avenue


Schools and higher education
The New York City Department of Education operates several public schools in the area.

The City University of New York has its administrative offices in Yorkville." Administrative Offices." City University of New York. Retrieved on May 4, 2010. In addition Fordham Graduate Housing is located on East 81st Street between York and East End Avenues. History of The Upper East Side and Yorkville,

The Lycée Français de New York is located on East 75th Street between York and East End Avenues. Further north, East Side Middle School is located on 91st Street between First and Second Avenues. The Trevor Day School is located four blocks north, on 95th Street between First and Second Avenues.

The New York Public Library (NYPL) operates two branches near Yorkville. The Yorkville branch is located at 222 East 79th Street. The branch, a Carnegie library, opened in 1902 and was renovated in 1986–1987. The three-story space is listed on the New York State Register of Historic Places and the National Register of Historic Places. The Webster branch is located at 1465 York Avenue. The branch was founded in 1893 as the Webster Free Library, and the current Carnegie library structure opened in 1906.

The New York City Subway's 86th Street and 96th Street stations, served by the Second Avenue Subway (), serve much of Yorkville. Meanwhile, Western Yorkville is served by 77th Street, 86th Street and 96th Street stations on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line (), one block west of Yorkville's western boundary at 3rd Avenue. The bus routes of the New York City Bus also operate in Yorkville.

Formerly, Eastern Yorkville was very far from any subway connections, and had among the farthest walks in Manhattan to any subway stations. From 2007 to 2017, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority built the Second Avenue Subway's 86th Street and 96th Street stations, leading to increased residential construction and real estate prices in advance of the opening of the new subway line.Hughes, C.J. "Yorkville Bets on the Second Avenue Subway", The New York Times, April 8, 2016. Accessed May 18, 2016. "But the new subway stations at East 72nd, East 86th and East 96th Streets, and the expanded one at East 63rd, seem to be having an equalizing effect on prices in what used to be more of a cotton socks district."

Yorkville is served by 's Soundview and Astoria routes, which stop at 90th Street. The service started operating on August 15, 2018.

Prominent locations
  • Carl Schurz Park is a park on the far east side of Yorkville, adjacent to the East River.
  • is the official home of the mayor of New York City.
  • The Manhattan Chamber of Commerce was founded in Yorkville circa 1920, founded by 11 local businessmen.
  • The Municipal Asphalt Plant was constructed in 1941. See also: Asphalt Green, a fitness center, opened in the building in 1984.
  • The 91st Street Marine Transfer Station NYC East 91st Waste Facility is a controversial waste transfer plant next to Asphalt Green, on . The waste facility was supported by New York City mayors Bill de Blasio and Michael Bloomberg. The waste facility has been criticized by some area residents.
  • On 86th Street and 3rd Avenue the first opened in 1932, and it is still in operation today.
  • 92nd Street Y is a cultural and community center.
  • 225 East 86th Street is a well-known condominium in the area.
  • Ruppert Yorkville Towers were built as an urban renewal project on the site of the old Brewing Co., which closed in the 1960s. It is a two-building complex stretching from 90th to 92nd Streets, between Second and Third Avenue.

Notable residents
Residents of Yorkville have included:

In popular culture
(2022). 9780399153846 .
  • The children's book series by starring Lyle the Crocodile started in 1962 with The House on East 88th Street, set in Yorkville.
  • In the sitcom How I Met Your Mother, 's apartment is located in Yorkville.

File:Rhinelander Children's Center.jpg|The Rhinelander Children's Center, of the Children's Aid Society File:Monica RCC 413 E79 jeh.JPG|Church of St. Monica on 79th Street File:St Elizabeth's RCC 211 E83st jeh.JPG|Church of St. Elizabeth of Hungary on 83rd Street File:Yorkville view from 86th St.jpg|View of Yorkville at 86th Street File:German American Bund NYWTS.jpg|Parade of German American Bund held on October 30, 1939, on 86th Street, between First and Second Avenues.

External links

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