(or Thomas Kitchen
) was an United Kingdom engraver
, who became hydrographer
to the king. He was also a writer, who wrote about the history of the West Indies
He was born in Southwark
, and was apprenticed to Emanuel Bowen
in 1732. Originally based in Clerkenwell
, by late 1755 Kitchin was established on Holborn
Hill. From 1773 Kitchin was royal hydrographer to the king. He married Sarah Bowen, daughter of Emanuel Bowen
, in 1739, and then Jane, daughter of Joseph Burroughs
, in 1762. He died in St Albans
on 23 June 1784. Kitchin lived and worked in London
until his retirement.
He produced John Elphinstone's map of Scotland (1746), Geographia Scotiae (1749), and The Small English Atlas (1749) with Thomas Jefferys. The Large English Atlas (with Bowen 1749–60) was a serious attempt to cover England at large scale. In 1755 Kitchin engraved the Mitchell Map of North America. He worked for London Magazine.
[ He produced 170 maps for London Magazine (1747–83). Kitchin was the head hydrographer for the King of England. Kitchin frequently stole the works of other cartographers, which is one reason why he "created" so much work as a cartographer.] [
His book, The Present State of the West-Indies: Containing an Accurate Description of What Parts Are Possessed by the Several Powers in Europe was published in 1778 bt R. Baldwin in London.]
Kitchin died in June 1784 and was buried in St Alban's Cathedral. His memorial stone has not survived.