Tatsuno-shi is a city in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1951.
As of April 1, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 77,968, with 30,300 households,
and a population density of 370 persons per km². The total area is 210.93 km².
On October 1, 2005, the towns of Ibogawa, Mitsu and Shingū (all from Ibo District) were merged into Tatsuno. To reflect the new character of the city, the kanji characters in the city's name were changed from to .
Samurai residences and white-plastered earthen storehouses, remnants of Tatsuno Domain's castle town (assessed at 53,000 koku), still stand in the heart of the city in Tatsuno-chō. Therefore, the city is known as "Little Kyoto of Harima Province".
[地名 歴史 p. 238]
The city's name is spelled "たつの," using hiragana, but the name of Tatsuno Station uses the kanji characters "竜野," while the historic name for the place uses the characters "龍野." According to the Fudoki, the origin of the name "Tatsuno" was that upon the death of Nomi no Sukune in Ibo District (now in the city of Tatsuno), many came from Izumo Province and used rock from the Ibo River to make a grave, standing stones in a row on the plain. Thus, it was called "立野," with characters meaning "stand" and "plain," from which it is thought to have changed to "龍野".
Nomi no Sukune Shrine is located at the place said to be his grave.
The city lies in southwestern Hyōgo Prefecture extending largely south to north. The city's northern region is mountainous, the southern region faces the Seto Inland Sea, and the Ibo River runs through from north to south.
Mountains: Mt. Ayabe (in Mitsu-chō)
Rivers: Ibo River, Kurisu River
Passes and Hills: Aisaka Pass (Japan National Route 179), Futagi Pass (Prefectural Route 5), Azawara Pass, Iwami Pass
25.0% of those commuting to work go to Himeji
(2010 National Census).
North: Shisō; Sayō, Sayō District
West: Aioi; Kamigōri, Akō District
East: Himeji; Taishi, Ibo District
South: Himeji (Ieshima Islands)
According to the 2010 national census, the population was 80,541, a decrease of 1.25% compared to the previous census. The rate of change was ranked 17th among the prefecture's 41 cities and towns, and 23rd among all 49 administrative districts. The population was 81,500 people at the time of the city merger, but there has been a slight decrease to about 79,500 people.
Before Tatsuno's Formation
The Tatsuno area was an important location for traffic on the Izumo Highway
running along the Ibo River, and was the location of Kinoyama Castle
, the headquarters for the Akamatsu clan
in medieval times. After Oda Nobunaga
gained supremacy during the Warring States period, the area became the territory of the Ikeda clan
in the Himeji Domain
in the early Edo period
. Following Ikeda Toshitaka
's death, the land was taken over by Honda Masatomo
, the Tatsuno Domain
was established, and the castle town
took shape. Thereafter, the land passed through various rulers and was part of various tenryō
(a shogunal demesne), ultimately coming under the rule of the Wakisaka clan
beginning in 1672, lasting 200 years and 10 generations, after which came the Meiji Restoration. The castle town's area from the early modern period is extant today in what is now the "old Tatsuno town area.”
As part of the Meiji Restoration, feudal domains were abolished and replaced with prefectures, including Tatsuno Prefecture, which later merged with Himeji Prefecture (later renamed Shikama Prefecture). In August 1876, Shikama Prefecture was added to Hyōgo Prefecture, to which Tatsuno has belonged since that time.
1889 August 11 – San'yō Railway (now West Japan Railway Company's San'yō Main Line) begins service at Tatsuno Station.
1909 January 1 – Tatsuno Electric Railway (later Banden Railway) begins service.
1915 July 21 – Shingū Light Railway (later Banden Railway) begins service.
1931 December 23 – Japanese National Railways' Himetsu Line (now the West Japan Railway Company's Kishin Line) expands operations into the current city area.
1934 December 15 – Banden Railway ends service on all lines.
2003 April 18 – The (former) city of Tatsuno and the four towns of Shingū, Ibogawa, Mitsu, and Taishi establish a merger committee (Taishi later withdraws).
2005 October 1 – The former city of Tatsuno and the towns of Shingū, Ibogawa, and Mitsu merge to become the new city of Tatsuno. At the same time, the city emblem, flower, and tree are established.
[図典 日本の市町村章 p160]
2006 February 26 – Tatsuno issues a proclamation as a "Respect for Human Rights" city.
2009 September 4 – Tatsuno issues a proclamation as an "Anti-Nuclear Peace" city.
2015 September 25 – Tatsuno announces the "Plan for a Metropolitan Area for a Permanent Residency Self-Sufficiency Zone."
2016 March 30 – With Tatsuno serving as the core, it along with the city of Shisō and the two towns of Kamigōri and Sayō sign the "Plan for a Permanent Residency Self-Sufficiency Zone Agreement."
Rofū Miki, composer of the folk melody "Akatombo
" (The red dragonfly) and Fumito Ueda
, director of Ico
and Shadow of the Colossus were born in Tatsuno.
Tatsuno is famous for production of sōmen and soy sauce