T (named tee
["T", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "tee", op. cit.]) is the 20th letter in the English language English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet. It is the most commonly used consonant and the second most common letter in English language texts.
was the last letter of the Western Semitic and
. The sound value of Semitic Taw
, Greek alphabet
Tαυ ( Tau
), Old Italic and Latin T has remained fairly constant, representing in each of these; and it has also kept its original basic shape in most of these alphabets.
Use in writing systems
In English, usually denotes the voiceless alveolar plosive (International Phonetic Alphabet
: ), as in tart
, or ties
, often with aspiration at the beginnings of words or before stressed vowels.
The digraph often corresponds to the sound (a voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant) word-medially when followed by a vowel, as in nation, ratio, negotiation, and Croatia.
The letter corresponds to the affricate in some words as a result of yod-coalescence (for example, in words ending in "-ture", such as future).
A common digraph is , which usually represents a dental fricative, but occasionally represents (as in Thomas and thyme.)
In the orthographies
of other languages, is often used for , the voiceless dental plosive or similar sounds.
In the International Phonetic Alphabet, denotes the voiceless alveolar plosive.
Descendants and related characters in the Latin alphabet
T with : Ť ť Ṫ ṫ ẗ Cedilla Ṭ ṭ Ʈ ʈ Ț ț ƫ Circumflex Macron below Ŧ ŧ Ⱦ ⱦ Ƭ ƭ ᵵ
Ꞇ ꞇ : Insular script T was used by William Pryce to designate the voiceless dental fricative θ
: Turned small t is used in the International Phonetic Alphabet
Uralic Phonetic Alphabet-specific symbols related to T:
ₜ : Subscript small t was used in the Uralic Phonetic Alphabet prior to its formal standardization in 1902
ȶ : T with curl is used in Sino-Tibetanist linguistics
Ʇ ʇ : Turned capital T and turned small t were used in transcriptions of the Dakota language in publications of the American Board of Ethnology in the late 19th century
Ancestors and siblings in other alphabets
𐤕 : Semitic letter Taw, from which the following symbols originally derive
Τ τ : Greek alphabet letter Tau
: Coptic alphabet letter Taw, which derives from Greek Tau
Т т : Cyrillic letter Te, also derived from Tau
: Gothic alphabet letter tius, which derives from Greek Tau
𐌕 : Old Italic T, which derives from Greek Tau, and is the ancestor of modern Latin T
Derived signs, symbols and abbreviations