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In , especially (a theological tradition of Hinduism), Shakti (: शक्ति, : Śakti; lit. "Energy, ability, strength, effort, power, capability") is the primordial cosmic energy, female in aspect, and represents the dynamic forces that are thought to move through the . She is thought of as creative, sustaining, as well as destructive, and is sometimes referred to as auspicious source energy.

Shakti is sometimes personified as the creator goddess, and is known as "Adi Shakti" or "" ("inconceivableprimordial energy"). In Shaktism, Adi Parashakti is worshipped as the . On every plane of creation, energy manifests itself into all forms of matter; these are all thought to be infinite forms of Parashakti. She is described as anaadi (with no beginning, no ending) and nitya (forever).


Origins
One of the oldest representations of the goddess in India is in a triangular form. The , found in a context in the valley and dating to 9,000–8,000 ,
(2022). 9781134597987, Routledge. .
is considered an early example of a .
(2022). 9780791488904, SUNY Press. .
Kenoyer, part of the team that excavated the stone, considered that it was highly probable that the stone was associated with Shakti. The veneration of and Shakti was also prevalent in Indus valley civilization.
(2002). 9788126900275, Atlantic Publishers & Dist. .


Mariamman
The Shakti goddess has been syncretised with the of South Indian tradition, especially in the states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh. There are many temples devoted to various incarnations of the Shakti goddess in most of the villages in . The people of the countryside believe that Amman is the bringer of rain, the protector of the village, the punisher of evil people, the cure of diseases, and the one who gives welfare to the village. They celebrate Shakti festivities with great pomp annually. Some examples of the deities assimilated into Shakti are , , , Lalita, , , , , , , and Perantalamma.


Shaktism
Shaktism regards (lit., "the Goddess") as the Supreme itself with all other forms of divinity considered to be merely Her diverse manifestations. In the details of its philosophy and practice, Shaktism resembles Shaivism. However, Shaktas (शक्त, , ), practitioners of Shaktism, focus most or all worship on Shakti, as the dynamic feminine aspect of the Supreme Divine. , the masculine aspect of divinity, is considered solely transcendent, and Shiva's worship is usually secondary.Subramuniyaswami, p. 1211

From Devi-Mahatmya:

From Shaktisangama Tantra:


Adi Parashakti

Smarta Advaita
In the sect of Hinduism, Shakti is considered to be one of five equal personal forms of God in the system advocated by .


Bhajans and mantras
There are many ancient Shakti devotional songs and vibrational chants in the Hindu tradition. The recitation of the Sanskrit mantras is commonly used to call upon the Divine Mother.


See also

Notes

Further reading


External links
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