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In , especially (a theological tradition of Hinduism), Shakti (: शक्ति, : Śakti; lit. "Energy, ability, strength, effort, power, capability") is the primordial cosmic energy, female in aspect. Shakti represents the dynamic forces that are thought to move through the .

Shakti often refers to the wife of Shiva. A few common names for Shakti are Mulaprakruti, meaning the root substance, and Maha maya.

One of the oldest representations of the goddess in India is in a triangular form. The , found in a context in the valley and dating to 9,000–8,000 ,
(2023). 9781134597987, Routledge. .
is considered an early example of a .
(2023). 9780791488904, SUNY Press. .
Kenoyer, part of the team that excavated the stone, considered that it was highly probable that the stone was associated with Shakti. The veneration of and Shakti was also prevalent in Indus valley civilization.
(2002). 9788126900275, Atlantic Publishers & Dist. .

The Shakti goddess has been syncretised with the of South Indian tradition, especially in the states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh. There are many temples devoted to various incarnations of the Shakti goddess in most of the villages in . The people of the countryside believe that Amman is the bringer of rain, the protector of the village, the punisher of evil people, the cure of diseases, and the one who gives welfare to the village. They celebrate Shakti festivities with great pomp annually. Some examples of the deities assimilated into Shakti are , , , Lalita, , , , , , , and Perantalamma.

Shaktism regards (lit., "the Goddess") as the Supreme itself with all other forms of divinity considered to be merely Her diverse manifestations. In the details of its philosophy and practice, Shaktism resembles Shaivism. However, Shaktas (शक्त, , ), practitioners of Shaktism, focus most or all worship on Shakti, as the dynamic feminine aspect of the Supreme Divine. , the masculine aspect of divinity, is considered solely transcendent, and Shiva's worship is usually secondary.Subramuniyaswami, p. 1211

From Devi-Mahatmya:

From Shaktisangama Tantra:

Adi Parashakti

Smarta Advaita
In the sect of Hinduism, Shakti is considered to be one of five equal personal forms of God in the system advocated by .

See also


Further reading

External links
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