The Russian Census of 2010
(Всеросси́йская пе́репись населе́ния 2010 го́да) was the first census
of the Russia
population since 2002 and the second after the dissolution of the Soviet Union
. Preparations for the census began in 2007 and it took place between October 14 and October 25.
[ "Осенний пересчет". "Rossiyskaya Gazeta", October 15, 2010]
The census was originally scheduled for October 2010, before being rescheduled for late 2013, citing financial reasons,
[ Всероссийская перепись населения переносится на 2013 год ]
although it was also speculated that political motives were influential in the decision. However, in late 2009, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin
announced that the Government of Russia had allocated 10.5 billion Russian ruble
in order to conduct the census as originally scheduled (in October 2010).
[ Путин снова перенес Всероссийскую перепись населения на 2010 год? ] [ О ВСЕРОССИЙСКОЙ ПЕРЕПИСИ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ 2010 ГО Goskomstat Retrieved on November 5, 2009 ]
The census recorded the population as 142.9 million, a decrease of 2.3 million (1.6%) since the 2002 census. The population is 73.7% urban (105.3 million) and 26.3% rural (37.5 million). The median age is 38 years. The ethnic composition is dominated by Russians (80.9% of the population).