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P (named pee "P", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "pee," op. cit. ) is the 16th letter of the and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.


Use in writing systems
In English orthography and most other European languages, represents the sound .

A common digraph in English is , which represents the sound , and can be used to transliterate in loanwords from . In German, the digraph is common, representing a labial .

Most English words beginning with are of foreign origin, primarily French, Latin, Greek, and Slavic; these languages preserve Proto-Indo-European initial *p. Native English cognates of such words often start with , since English is a Germanic language and thus has undergone Grimm's law; a native English word with initial would reflect Proto-Indo-European initial *b, which is so rare that its existence as a is disputed.

However, native English words with non-initial are quite common; such words can come from either Kluge's law or the consonant cluster (PIE *p has been preserved after s).

In the International Phonetic Alphabet, is used to represent the voiceless bilabial plosive.

Related characters

Ancestors, descendants and siblings
The Latin letter P represents the same sound as the Greek letter Pi, but it looks like the Greek letter Rho.
  • 𐤐 : Semitic letter Pe, from which the following symbols originally derive
  • P with : Ṗ ṗ Ᵽ ᵽ Ƥ ƥ
  • Uralic Phonetic Alphabet-specific symbols related to P:
  • ₚ : Subscript small p was used in the Uralic Phonetic Alphabet prior to its formal standardization in 1902

Derived ligatures, abbreviations, signs and symbols
  • ₱ : Philippine peso sign
  • ℘ : script letter P, see
  • ℗ : sound recording copyright symbol
  • : symbol
  • ꟼ : Reversed P was used in ancient Roman texts to stand for puella (girl)
  • Ꝑ ꝑ, Ꝓ ꝓ, Ꝕ, ꝕ : Various forms of P were used for medieval scribal abbreviations

Computing codes

Other representations

See also
  • Mind your Ps and Qs
  • or "penny," the English slang for which is p (e.g. "20p" = 20 pence)

External links
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