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The Northwestern United States (Noroeste de Estados Unidos) is an informal geographic region of the . The region consistently includes the states of , Washington and —and usually and . Some sources include in the Northwest. The related but distinct term "Pacific Northwest" generally excludes areas from the Rockies eastward.

The Northwestern United States is a subportion of the Western United States (which is, itself, even more ambiguous). In contrast, states included in the neighboring regions (Southwestern United States and ) and Utah are not simultaneously considered part of both regions.

Like the southwestern United States, the Northwest definition has moved westward over time. The current area includes the old (created in 1848–Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and areas in Montana west of the Continental Divide).

(1997). 9780877795469, Merriam-Webster. .
The region is similar to Federal Region X, which comprises Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Alaska.

It is home to over 14.2 million citizens. Some of the fastest growing cities in this region and in the nation include Seattle, Spokane, Bellevue, Tacoma, Vancouver, Kennewick, Pasco, Yakima, Portland, Eugene, Salem, Boise, Missoula, and Billings.


Etymology
As the United States' westward expansion, the country's western border also shifted westward, and consequently, so did the location of the Northwestern and Southwestern United States. In the early years of the United States, lying immediately west of the Allegheny Mountains were from Virginia and given the name Northwest Territory. During the decades that followed, the Northwest Territory covered much of the Great Lakes region east of the Mississippi River.


Centers of population
As of 2016, the Northwestern states have a cumulative population of 14,297,316, with and Washington accounting for 77% of the entire five-state region's population. As of 2016, there are 25 metropolitan statistical areas in the Northwest with populations of 100,000 or more, none of which are in . Since adjacent metropolitan areas often function as one combined agglomeration, the U.S. Census Bureau additionally defines nine combined statistical areas across the Northwest, eight of which having populations of 100,000 or more.

1-TacomaWashington4,684,516
2Portland-Vancouver-Salem
Washington
3,160,488
3Boise-Mountain Home-Ontario
770,906
4Spokane-Spokane Valley-Coeur d'AleneWashington
710,945
5Eugene369,519
6Medford-Grants Pass302,431
7Kennewick-Pasco-RichlandWashington283,846
8YakimaWashington249,636
9Idaho Falls-Rexburg-Blackfoot239,764
10BellinghamWashington216,800
11Bend-Redmond-Prineville203,877
12Billings169,728
13WenatcheeWashington117,665
14Missoula116,130
15Moses Lake-OthelloWashington112,784
16Roseburg108,457
17Twin Falls106,508
18Bozeman104,502


The Northwestern states in presidential elections
Presidential electoral votes in the Northwestern States since 1952
Eisenhower
Eisenhower
Nixon
Johnson
Nixon
Nixon
Reagan
Reagan
Bush
Bush
Dole
Bush
Bush
| 2016 || | || | || | || | ||


Further reading
  • Lavender, David. Land of Giants: The Drive to the Pacific Northwest, 1750- 1950 (1958) online
  • Schwantes, Carlos. The Pacific Northwest: An Interpretive History (1996) online
  • Warren, Sidney. Farthest Frontier: The Pacific Northwest (1949) online
  • Winther, Oscar Osburn. The great northwest: a history (Greenwood Press, 1981)

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