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Midtown Manhattan is the central portion of the New York City borough of . Midtown is home to some of the city's most iconic buildings, including the Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building, the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project, the headquarters of the United Nations, Grand Central Terminal, and Rockefeller Center, as well as Broadway and .

Midtown Manhattan is the largest central business district in the world and ranks among the most expensive pieces of real estate; in Midtown Manhattan commands the world's highest rents, with average annual rents at US in 2017. However, due to the high price of retail spaces in Midtown, there are also many vacant storefronts in the neighborhood. Midtown is the country's largest commercial, entertainment, and media center, and also a growing financial center.

The majority of New York City's , including its tallest hotels and , are in Midtown. The area hosts commuters and residents working in its offices, hotels, and retail establishments, tourists and students. Times Square, the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, is a major center of the world's entertainment industry. also has the headquarters of three of the four major U.S. television networks.

Midtown is part of Manhattan Community District 5. It is patrolled by the 14th and 18th Precincts of the New York City Police Department.


Location
Geographically, the northern boundary of Midtown Manhattan is commonly defined to be 59th Street; its southern boundary is less clear, and variously taken to be 34th Street, 23rd Street, or even 14th Street. Midtown spans the entire island of Manhattan along an east-west axis, bounded by the on its east and the to its west. The Encyclopedia of New York City defines Midtown as extending from 34th Street to 59th Street and from 3rd Avenue to 8th Avenue.Sclar, Elliot. "midtown" in , p. 839


Neighborhoods
In addition to its central business district, Midtown Manhattan encompasses many neighborhoods, including Hell's Kitchen and Chelsea on the West Side, and Murray Hill, , Turtle Bay, and on the East Side. It is sometimes broken into "Midtown East" and "Midtown West", or north and south as in the New York City Police Department's Midtown North and Midtown South precincts.

Neighborhoods in the Midtown area include the following:

  • Between 59th Street to the north and 42nd Street to the south, from west to east:
    • Hell's Kitchen from the to Eighth Avenue, including
      • Theatre Row on West 42nd Street between Eleventh Avenue and Ninth Avenue,
      • where Hell's Kitchen meets and the Upper West Side at West 59th Street and Eighth Avenue,
    • and the Theater District from West 42nd Street to around West 53rd Street (according to some until at Central Park South/59th Street), and from Eighth Avenue to
    • The Diamond District on West 47th Street between Sixth Avenue and
    • Midtown East from around Sixth Avenue to the , including (going from west to east, and north to south):
      • Sutton Place near the East River between East 53rd Street and East 59th Street
      • Turtle Bay from 53rd Street to 42nd Street and from to the East River
      • from First Avenue to Second Avenue and East 40th Street to East 43rd Street
  • Between 42nd Street north and around 34th Street, from west to east, and north to south:
    • Hell's Kitchen from the to Eighth Avenue
    • The Garment District from West 42nd Street to West 34th Street and from Ninth Avenue to Fifth Avenue
    • around the intersection of Broadway, Sixth Avenue, and West 34th Street
    • Murray Hill from East 42nd Street to East 34th Street and Fifth Avenue to Second Avenue
  • Between 34th Street and 23rd Street, from west to east:
    • Chelsea, between the Hudson River and Sixth Avenue
    • Koreatown from 36th Street to 31st Street and Fifth and Sixth Avenues centered on "Korea Way" on 32nd Street between Fifth Avenue and Broadway
    • Rose Hill or Curry Hill between and Third Avenue
    • from Third Avenue to the
  • Between 23rd Street and 14th Street, going west to east and north to south:
    • Chelsea, between the Hudson River and Sixth Avenue
    • The Meatpacking District in the southwesternmost corner of Midtown, to the south of West 15th Street
    • and the Flatiron District, the area surround the intersection of Broadway, Fifth Avenue, and 23rd Street.
    • Union Square, to the northeast of the intersection of Broadway, East 14th Street, and Park Avenue South
    • Gramercy from East 23rd Street to East 14th Street and Lexington Avenue to First Avenue
    • Peter Cooper Village from East 23rd Street to East 20th Street and 1st Avenue to Avenue C (parallel the East River)
    • from East 20th Street to East 14th Street and First Avenue to Avenue C

Midtown is the original district in the United States to bear the name and included historical but now defunct neighborhoods such as the Ladies' Mile, along from 14th to 23rd Street; and the Tenderloin, from 23rd to 42nd Street and from Fifth Avenue to Seventh Avenue.


Landmarks
  • Empire State Building
  • Museum of Modern Art
  • St. Patrick's Cathedral
  • Grand Central Terminal
  • New York Public Library
  • Chrysler Building
  • Time Warner Center
  • Bank of America Tower
  • United Nations Headquarters
  • Madison Square Garden
  • James Farley Post Office
  • Pennsylvania Station
  • Waldorf-Astoria Hotel
  • Flagship stores:
  • Prominent gentlemen's clubs:
    • Century Association
    • Columbia University Club
    • Cornell Club
    • Harvard Club
    • New York Yacht Club
    • The Penn Club
    • The Princeton Club
    • Racquet and Tennis Club
    • The Union League Club
    • University Club
    • Yale Club


Avenues

Important streets and thoroughfares

  • Broadway
  • 34th Street
  • 42nd Street


Differing demarcations of Midtown Manhattan
The border of Midtown Manhattan is nebulous and further confused by the fact that the term "Midtown Manhattan" can be used to refer either to a district or a group of neighborhoods and districts in Manhattan:
  • The area between 14th and 86th Streets includes roughly the center of Manhattan; however, the term Midtown Manhattan can also apply to the area between 31st Street and 59th Streets, although there are still office buildings south of 31st Street.
  • Manhattan Community District 5 is located from 14th to 59th Streets, generally between Lexington Avenue and Eighth Avenue. Community District 5 is largely coterminous with Midtown but also includes the Flatiron District, NoMad, Union Square, and parts of and Rose Hill.
  • Midtown proper (within the boundaries of Manhattan Community District 5, and excluding overlapping neighborhoods) is located from 34th to 59th Streets between Third Avenue and Eighth Avenue.
  • The "Plaza District", a term used by Manhattan real estate professionals to denote the most expensive area of midtown from a commercial real estate perspective, lies between 42nd Street and 59th Street, from to Seventh Avenue, about a square kilometer or half a square mile.
  • "" can refer to the part of Midtown between 23rd Street and around 42nd Street (although its northern boundary is defined differently depending on the source).
  • "Midtown West" can refer to the area between 34th and 59th Streets, and between 5th and 12th Avenues.
  • "Midtown East" can refer to the area between 42nd and 59th Streets, and between 5th Avenue and the East River.
  • In 1982, the City of New York identified the "Manhattan Core" as the area that includes some of the City’s most populous neighborhoods, major institutions, parks and transit hubs, and the City’s primary Central Business District (CBD), defined as Manhattan below 60th Street. The "Manhattan Core" includes some areas slightly further north of 86th Street in Manhattan, as well as the area below 14th Street; however, this definition is problematic because it ignores the fact that Manhattan has not one but two zones in which people do business within this area separated by a wide swath of low-rise (by New York City standards) residential development — there is Midtown (which is in Midtown Manhattan), and the Financial District, (also known simply as "Downtown" because of its location in southern Manhattan). In other sources, these districts are referred to as separate central business districts.


Cityscape

Economy
Midtown Manhattan, along with , is one of the world's leading financial centers.


Corporate headquarters
Midtown Manhattan is the world's largest central business district, with 400 million square feet (37.2 million m2) of office space in 2018. Midtown contains the headquarters of major companies, including 4Kids Entertainment (formerly)," Contact ." 4Kids Entertainment. Retrieved on October 13, 2009. Barnes & Noble," National Sponsorships and Donations." Barnes & Noble. Retrieved on January 29, 2010. Bloomberg L.P.," Dreier’s Luxe Life Revealed in $10 Million Auction." Retrieved on May 22, 2011 Ernst & Young, "5 Times Square – Ernst & Young National Headquarters", Wired New York. Retrieved July 13, 2013 ," Corporate." . Retrieved on January 26, 2010. Cantor Fitzgerald," Locations." Cantor Fitzgerald. Retrieved on October 4, 2009. ," Contact Info ." . Retrieved on November 3, 2009. ," Citi – United States." Retrieved on May 22, 2011 Colgate-Palmolive," Legal/Privacy ." Colgate-Palmolive. Retrieved on June 26, 2010. Cushman & Wakefield," Global locations." Cushman & Wakefield. Retrieved on November 12, 2009. ," More Privacy Information." . Retrieved on August 28, 2009. ," Contact Us." . Retrieved on December 7, 2009. ," address.gif ." . Retrieved on December 22, 2010. "Duane Reade Inc. 440 Ninth Ave New York, NY 10001." Estée Lauder Companies," Corporate Information ." Estée Lauder Companies. Retrieved on February 29, 2010. ," Foot Locker, Inc." . Retrieved on January 22, 2010. Frederator Studios," About." Frederator Studios. Retrieved on April 9, 2010. ," Contact Us ." Retrieved on May 22, 2011 ," Contact Hess." . Retrieved on February 9, 2009. Kroll Inc.," Office Locations ." Kroll Inc. Retrieved on August 14, 2011. "Kroll Corporate Headquarters 600 Third Avenue New York, New York 10016 United States" L-3 Communications," Company Profile ." L-3 Communications. Retrieved on March 10, 2010. Marsh & McLennan Companies," Contact Us." Marsh & McLennan Companies. Retrieved on October 4, 2009. Marvel Entertainment," Company and Contact Info ." Marvel Entertainment. Retrieved on August 28, 2009. ,Ramirez, Anthony. " MetLife Sells 2nd Building, A Landmark On Park Ave." The New York Times. April 2, 2005. Retrieved on August 25, 2009. MidOcean Partners," Contact." MidOcean Partners. Retrieved on March 5, 2010. ," Contact Us." Morgan Stanley. Retrieved on August 28, 2009. ," NBC Universal to sell Burbank, Calif, studio." . Retrieved on August 28, 2009. The New York Times Company," Contact Us." The New York Times Company. Retrieved on August 28, 2009. ," NexCen Homepage." . Retrieved on February 26, 2010. ," Contact Us." . Retrieved on April 3, 2010. Polo Ralph Lauren," Contact Us." Ralph Lauren Investor Relations . Retrieved on January 27, 2010. Saks Incorporated (Saks Fifth Avenue)," Corporate Addresses." Saks Incorporated. Retrieved on March 1, 2010. The Sharper Image," About Us." The Sharper Image. Retrieved on February 18, 2010. Simon & Schuster, ," Contact Us ." . Retrieved on May 6, 2009. ," Contact Us ." . Retrieved on July 8, 2010. "488 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10022 United States", , ," About Us." . Retrieved on August 28, 2009. ," AOL Time Warner's Future Home Is Damaged by Fire; The morning blaze at the building under construction in New York spread to parts of four floors. The cause is under investigation." Los Angeles Times''. April 9, 2003. Business C3. Retrieved on August 28, 2009. Time Warner Cable," Investor Relations Contact Us ." Time Warner Cable. Retrieved on March 6, 2010. The Travelers Companies, Univision Communications," Contact." . Retrieved on August 28, 2011. "605 Third Avenue, 12th Floor New York, NY 10158" and Viacom. Contact, Viacom. Retrieved on August 28, 2009. The New York Institute of Finance is located in Midtown Manhattan." Contact Us." New York Institute of Finance. Retrieved on October 4, 2009.


Foreign subsidiary operations
operates its United States offices in the Haier Building at 1356 Broadway; the building used to be a building of the Greenwich Savings Bank. Haier held the opening ceremony on March 4, 2002." Haier Building." . Retrieved on January 26, 2009. Sumitomo Corporation operates its New York Office, the headquarters of the corporation's United States operations, at 600 Third Avenue, 10016 in the Murray Hill neighborhood." Office Network ." Sumitomo Corporation. Retrieved on January 25, 2009. 's North American headquarters are in Midtown." Worldwide Offices USA." . Retrieved on September 29, 2009. The USA regional headquarters are in 125 West 55th Street in Midtown Manhattan." Air France in the United States ." . June 11, 2007. 15 (15/16). Retrieved on February 13, 2010. "The Air France “United States” regional management is located in New York: 125 West 55th Street, New York, NY 10019 Tel: (212) 830–4000."" Welcome to Air France career opportunities." Air France USA. Retrieved on February 13, 2010. Hachette Book Group USA has its headquarters in 237 ." FAQs ." Machette Book Group. Retrieved on April 17, 2011. "Hachette Book Group Marketing Department 237 Park Avenue New York, NY 10017" In 1994 considered moving its USA headquarters from Midtown to , but decided to keep the offices where they were at the last minute." Alitalia stays in Midtown through creative deal." Real Estate Weekly. December 14, 1994. Retrieved on June 15, 2010. Global Infrastructure Partners has an office in Midtown Manhattan." Contact Us ." Global Infrastructure Partners. Retrieved on February 27, 2010.


Tech and biotech
, the common for New York City's sector, is based in , specifically the Flatiron District. Prominent Silicon Alley companies in Midtown include , , , Betterment, , , Rent the Runway, , and . The technology sector has been expanding across Midtown Manhattan since 2010. The sector is also growing in Midtown Manhattan based upon the city's strength in academic scientific and public and commercial financial support. By mid-2014, Accelerator, a biotech firm, had raised more than US$30 million from , including Eli Lilly and Company, , and Johnson & Johnson, for initial funding to create biotechnology startups at the Alexandria Center for Life Science, which encompasses more than on East 29th Street and promotes collaboration among scientists and at the center and with nearby academic, medical, and research institutions. The New York City Economic Development Corporation's Early Stage Life Sciences Funding Initiative and partners, including , Ventures, and Eli Lilly, committed a minimum of US$100 million to help launch 15 to 20 ventures in and biotechnology.


Real estate
Real estate is a major force in Midtown Manhattan's economy, and indeed the city's, as the total value of all New York City property was estimated at US$914.8 billion for the 2015 . Manhattan has perennially been home to some of the nation's, as well as the world's, most marketable real estate, including the Time Warner Center, which had the highest-listed market value in the city in 2006 at US$1.1 billion, to be subsequently surpassed in October 2014 by the Waldorf Astoria New York, which became the most expensive hotel ever sold after being purchased by the Anbang Insurance Group, based in China, for . When 450 Park Avenue was sold on July 2, 2007, for US$510 million, about US$1,589 per square foot (US$17,104/m2), it broke the barely month-old record for an American office building of US$1,476 per square foot (US$15,887/m2) based on the sale of 660 .Quirk, James. , The Record (Bergen County), July 5, 2007. Accessed July 5, 2007. In 2014, Manhattan was home to six of the top ten in the United States by median housing price. In 2019, the most expensive home sale ever in the United States achieved completion in Midtown Manhattan, at a selling price of US$238 million, for a penthouse apartment overlooking .[50] Accessed February 16, 2019.


Broadway theatre
According to The Broadway League, shows on sold approximately US$1.27 billion worth of tickets in the 2013-2014 season, an increase of 11.4% from US$1.139 billion in the 2012-2013 season; attendance in 2013-2014 stood at 12.21 million, a 5.5% increase from the 2012-2013 season's 11.57 million.


Former economic operations
Companies that used to have their headquarters in Midtown Manhattan include American Airlines, World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 20, 1975. " 472.Sterba, James P. " American Will Shift Headquarters From Manhattan to Dallas Airport; Big Economies Predicted." The New York Times. Thursday November 16, 1978. Page A1. Retrieved on August 27, 2009. American Comics Group,Senate Committee on the Judiciary. Juvenile Delinquency: Comic Books. Motion Pictures. Obscene and Pornographic Materials. Television Programs. , 1969. 47. Retrieved on January 25, 2011. "American Comics Group, 45 West 45th Street, New York, NY" American Overseas Airlines,Rice, Diana. " News notes from the field of travel; Cape Cod air service tours to Spain for honeymooners Vermont music camp currency guide trail riders ride again Griswold's country club here and there." The New York Times. April 30, 1950. Drama-Music, Fashion-Screen, Page X17. Retrieved on August 25, 2009. "American and American Overseas Airlines executive offices have moved from 100 East Forty-second Street to 100 Park Avenue" Central Park Media,. Central Park Media. March 12, 2007. Retrieved on September 14, 2009." 250 West 57th Street." W&H Properties. Retrieved on September 14, 2009. Eastern Air Lines,Bernstein, Aaron. Grounded: Frank Lorenzo and the Destruction of Eastern Airlines. Beard Books, 1999. 22. Retrieved on August 28, 2009. GoodTimes Entertainment, ,Johnson, Doris McNeely. "Children's Toys and Books: Choosing the Best for All Ages from Infancy to Adolescence." Scribner, 1982. Unknown page. Retrieved from on July 8, 2010. , . "LJN Toys, Inc. 200 Fifth Ave. New York, NY 10010." ,. NewKidCo. January 4, 2002. Retrieved on July 27, 2010. Pan American World Airways,Dunlap, David W. " Final Pan Am Departure." The New York Times. Friday September 4, 1992. Retrieved on August 25, 2009. Philip Morris Companies (now ),. . April 9, 2001. Retrieved on October 19, 2009." Philip Morris to Move Headquarters from New York City to Richmond, Va.." New York Daily News. March 5, 2003. Retrieved on October 19, 2009. Trans Caribbean Airways,"World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 26, 1970. Caribbean" 504. and Trans World Airlines. World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 20, 1975. " 508." Map." Turtle Bay Association. Retrieved on January 25, 2009. In 1997, announced that it was moving its North American headquarters from Midtown to Melville, New York, in Suffolk County on .Wax, Alan J. " Aer Lingus moving offices to LI." . April 10, 1997. A61.


Demographics
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Midtown Manhattan was 28,630, a change of 2,823 (9.9%) from the 25,807 counted in 2000. Covering an area of , the neighborhood had a population density of . Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 64.1% (18,351) White, 4.6% (1,310) African American, 0.1% (34) Native American, 20.8% (5,942) Asian, 0% (8) Pacific Islander, 0.3% (92) from other races, and 2% (569) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.1% (2,324) of the population. Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.

The entirety of Community District 5, which comprises Midtown Manhattan, had 53,120 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 84.8 years. This is higher than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods. Most inhabitants are adults: a plurality (45%) are between the ages of 25–44, while 22% are between 45–64, and 13% are 65 or older. The ratio of youth and college-aged residents was lower, at 7% and 12% respectively.

As of 2017, the median in Community Districts 4 and 5 (including Chelsea and Hell's Kitchen) was $101,981, though the median income in Midtown individually was $120,854. In 2018, an estimated 11% of Midtown Manhattan residents lived in poverty, compared to 14% in all of Manhattan and 20% in all of New York City. One in twenty residents (5%) were unemployed, compared to 7% in Manhattan and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 41% in Midtown Manhattan, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 45% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, , Midtown Manhattan is considered to be high-income relative to the rest of the city and not .


Police and crime
Midtown Manhattan is patrolled by two precincts of the NYPD. Midtown North is patrolled by the 18th Precinct, located at 306 West 54th Street, while Midtown South is patrolled by the 14th Precinct, located at 357 West 35th Street. The precincts ranked 69th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010. The high per-capita crime rate can be attributed to the low population of the area, as well as the high number of crimes committed against tourists. With a non-fatal assault rate of 25 per 100,000 people, Midtown Manhattan's rate of violent crimes per capita is less than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 297 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.

The 18th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 84.2% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 3 murders, 21 rapes, 130 robberies, 190 felony assaults, 175 burglaries, 1,875 grand larcenies, and 31 grand larcenies auto in 2018. The 14th Precinct also has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 88.6% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 0 murders, 19 rapes, 150 robberies, 199 felony assaults, 210 burglaries, 2,005 grand larcenies, and 23 grand larcenies auto in 2018.


Fire safety
The main part of midtown Manhattan, between 34th and 59th Streets from Lexington Avenue to Eighth Avenue, is served by five fire stations of the New York City Fire Department (FDNY):
  • Engine Co. 1/Ladder Co. 24 – 215 West 38th Street
  • Engine Co. 23 – 222 West 37th Street
  • Engine Co. 26 – 222 West 37th Street
  • Engine Co. 54/Ladder Co. 4/Battalion 9 – 782 8th Avenue
  • Engine Co. 65 – 33 West 43rd Street

The greater Midtown area between 14th Street and 59th Street contains seven additional fire stations.


Health
and teenage births in Midtown Manhattan are lower than the city average. In Midtown Manhattan, there were 67 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 4 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide). Midtown Manhattan has a low population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 11%, slightly less than the citywide rate of 12%.

The concentration of , the deadliest type of , in Midtown Manhattan is , more than the city average. Eleven percent of Midtown Manhattan residents are , which is less than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers. In Midtown Manhattan, 10% of residents are , 5% are diabetic, and 18% have —compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively. In addition, 9% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.

Ninety-one percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is higher than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 86% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," more than the city's average of 78%. For every supermarket in Midtown Manhattan, there are 11 bodegas.

The nearest major hospitals are Beth Israel Medical Center in , as well as the Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Medical Center in Kips Bay, and NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital in the Upper East Side.


Post offices and ZIP codes
Midtown Manhattan is located within six primary . West of Fifth Avenue, Midtown is located in 10018 between 34th and 41st Streets, 10036 between 41st and 48th Streets, and 10019 between 48th and 59th Streets. East of Fifth Avenue, Midtown is located in 10016 between 34th and 40th Streets, 10017 between 40th and 49th Streets, and 10022 between 49th and 59th Streets. The area southwest of Fifth Avenue and 34th Street, sometimes considered to be in Midtown, is part of 10001. Other areas between 14th and 34th Streets are covered by ZIP Codes 10003, 10009, 10010, and 10011, though these are generally not considered to be part of Midtown proper. There are also thirty-three ZIP Codes assigned to individual buildings or building complexes.

The United States Postal Service operates six post offices in Midtown:

  • Appraisers Stores Station – 580 Fifth Avenue
  • Bryant Station – 23 West 43rd Street
  • Grand Central Station – 450 Lexington Avenue
  • Midtown Station – 223 West 38th Street
  • Murray Hill Station – 115 East 34th Street
  • Rockefeller Center Station – 610 Fifth Avenue

In addition, the James A. Farley Station, the city's main post office, is located at 421 8th Avenue. The post office stopped 24-hour service in 2009 due to decreasing mail traffic." New York City's main post office stops 24-hour service." . Friday April 17, 2009. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.


Education
Midtown Manhattan generally has a higher rate of college-educated residents than the rest of the city. A majority of residents age 25 and older (78%) have a college education or higher, while 6% have less than a high school education and 17% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 64% of Manhattan residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher. The percentage of Midtown Manhattan students excelling in math rose from 61% in 2000 to 80% in 2011 and reading achievement increased from 66% to 68% during the same time period.

Midtown Manhattan's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is lower than the rest of New York City. In Midtown Manhattan, 19% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per , less than the citywide average of 20%. Additionally, 92% of high school students in Midtown Manhattan graduate on time, more than the citywide average of 75%.


Schools
There are no public elementary or middle schools in Midtown.

The New York City Department of Education operates the following public high schools in Midtown, serving grades 9-12:

  • Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis High School
  • Landmark High School
  • Murray Hill Academy
  • Repertory Company High School for Theatre Arts
  • Satellite Academy High School

Private schools include The Beekman School, , and a number of private languages and music centers (e.g. Berlitz, American Language Communication Center, New York Language Center, Swan Music School, and the New York Youth Symphony). The La Scuola d'Italia Guglielmo Marconi Italian international school moved to West Midtown in 2016.Clarke, Catherine. " Italian private school drops $55M on new NYC cultural and education center " ( Archive). New York Daily News. September 11, 2015. Retrieved on February 25, 2016.


Libraries
The New York Public Library (NYPL) operates two reference branches in Midtown. The Stephen A. Schwarzman Building (also the Main Branch) is a reference branch at 476 Fifth Avenue. The four-story building, constructed in 1911, is known worldwide for its architecture and has several million items in its collections. The Science, Industry and Business Library (SIBL) is located at 188 Madison Avenue. SIBL, created in 1996, contains a large collection of business-related materials.

There are also five circulating branches in Midtown:

  • The 53rd Street branch is located at 18 West 53rd Street. The three-level branch opened in 2016, replacing the former Donnell Library Center that had been open from 1955 to 2008.
  • The 58th Street branch is located at 127 East 58th Street. The branch opened in a building in 1907 and moved to its current two-story space in 1969.
  • The Grand Central branch is located at 135 East 46th Street. The two-story library opened in 2008.
  • The Mid-Manhattan branch is located on the ground level of the Schwarzman Building. It was founded in 1970 and moved to a five-story space in 8 East 40th Street in 1981. That location was closed for renovations from 2017 to 2020.
  • The Terence Cardinal Cooke-Cathedral branch is located in the basement of 560 Lexington Avenue, adjacent to the 51st Street subway station. It opened in 1887 and is the second-smallest branch of the NYPL system.


Higher education
Two campuses of the City University of New York (CUNY)—the doctorate-granting CUNY Graduate Center and the Stella and Charles Guttman Community College—are located in Midtown, while , also of the City University of New York, is located in Midtown South. Mercy College is situated at .


Transportation
Pennsylvania Station and Grand Central Terminal are the two major railroad stations located in Midtown Manhattan. Penn Station serves , NJ Transit, and the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR), while Grand Central serves the Metro-North Railroad and will serve the LIRR in the future. Penn Station is considered to be the busiest transportation hub in the Western Hemisphere, servicing around 650,000 people per day.

The Port Authority Bus Terminal is located at Eighth Avenue and 41st Street at the western edge of Midtown. The terminal is the largest in the United States and busiest in the world by volume of traffic, serving more than 65 million people per year.

The New York City Subway and MTA Regional Bus Operations each operate several routes that go through Midtown. Additionally, the PATH train to New Jersey terminates at 33rd Street and Sixth Avenue in Midtown.

Traffic congestion is common, especially for crosstown traffic. In 2011, a new system of control, known as "Midtown in Motion" was announced, with the aim of reducing traffic congestion. Midtown in Motion traffic system NY 1 News, 2011 July 19 Approximately 750,000 vehicles enter Midtown Manhattan on a fall business day.http://www.nyc.gov/html/dcp/pdf/mn_core/mncore_study.pdf According to the 2011 Traffic Data Report for New York State, 777,527 vehicles a day went through select toll facilities into Manhattan.


Government infrastructure
The New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department, is located in the Rose Hill section of Midtown Manhattan. The Puerto Rico Federal Affairs Administration operates its New York office on the 22nd floor at 135 West 50th Street. "About PRFAA – New York Office", Puerto Rico Federal Affairs Administration. Retrieved on July 18, 20139.


Diplomatic missions
Several countries, including Argentina, The Bahamas, Consular/Travel information. Retrieved on January 26, 2009. People's Republic of China, Home page. Retrieved on January 25, 2009. Costa Rica, Consulates in the United States. Retrieved on January 31, 2009. Germany, Address, Contact, Hours. Retrieved on January 26, 2009. Ireland, Ireland in New York. Retrieved on January 25, 2009. Israel, Consular Department. Retrieved on January 26, 2009. Jamaica, Contact Us. Retrieved on January 30, 2009. Japan, Location/Hours/Contact. Retrieved on January 25, 2009. Luxembourg, Home. Retrieved on January 28, 2009. Mexico, Home Page. Retrieved on January 25, 2009. Morocco, Home. Retrieved on January 25, 2009. Saudi Arabia, Ministry addresses in the U.S. Retrieved on January 26, 2009. Singapore, Singapore Consulate in New York Mission Homepage. Retrieved on January 28, 2009. South Africa, Home Page. Retrieved on January 26, 2009. South Korea, Consulate General of the Republic of Korea in New York. Retrieved on January 28, 2019. United Kingdom, New York. UK in the USA. Retrieved on January 25, 2009. and Ukraine, Ukrainian Consul, home page . Retrieved on January 26, 2009. have consulates-general in Midtown Manhattan accredited to the United States. In addition, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office of the Republic of China () is in Midtown Manhattan. Taiwan Embassy. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.


See also


Notes

Citations

External links
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