Product Code Database
Example Keywords: radiant silvergun -android $30
   » Wiki: List Of Sovereign States
Tag Wiki 'List Of Sovereign States'.
Tag

List of sovereign states

This list of sovereign states provides an overview of around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their .

Membership within the system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states, 2 observer states, and 11 other states. The sovereignty dispute column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (191 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (15 states, out of which there are 5 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states).

Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the criteria for inclusion section below. The list is intended to include entities that have been recognized to have status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms.


List of states
A AAAA AAAA AAA
ZZZ↓ UN member states and observer states ↓A AAAZZZ

ZZZAbkhazia → AbkhaziaA UN member stateA None

 – Islamic Republic of AfghanistanA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of AlbaniaA UN member stateA None

 – People's Democratic Republic of AlgeriaA UN member stateA None

 – Principality of AndorraA UN member stateA None Andorra is a in which the office of head of state is jointly held ex officio by the French president and the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Urgell, who himself is appointed by the .
 – Republic of AngolaA UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth realm with 1 autonomous region, .
 – Argentine RepublicA UN member stateA None Member of the UNASUL. Argentina is a of 23 provinces and 1 autonomous city.
 – Republic of ArmeniaA UN member stateA None
Not recognized by Pakistan.[http://www.today.az/news/politics/30102.html Nilufer Bakhtiyar: "For Azerbaijan Pakistan does not recognise Armenia as a country"] 13 September 2006 [14:03] – Today.Az
     
See Armenia–Pakistan relations and Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
ZZZArtsakh → ArtsakhA UN member stateA None
 – Commonwealth of AustraliaA UN member stateA None Australia is a Commonwealth realm and a of six states and 10 territories. The external territories of Australia are:
 – Republic of AustriaA UN member stateA None Member of the . Austria is a of nine states (Bundesländer).
 – Republic of AzerbaijanA UN member stateA None Azerbaijan contains two autonomous regions, Nakhchivan and ( Dağlıq Qarabağ). The Republic of Artsakh, a de facto state, has been established in the latter.
 – Commonwealth of The BahamasA UN member stateA None The Bahamas is a Commonwealth realm.
 – Kingdom of BahrainA UN member stateA None

 – People's Republic of BangladeshA UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None Barbados is a Commonwealth realm.
 – Republic of BelarusA UN member stateA None Belarus forms the jointly with .
 – Kingdom of BelgiumA UN member stateA None Member of the EU. Belgium is a divided into linguistic communities and regions.
A UN member stateA None Belize is a Commonwealth realm.
 – Republic of BeninA UN member stateA None

 – Kingdom of BhutanA UN member stateA None

 – Plurinational State of BoliviaA UN member stateA None Member of the UNASUL.
A UN member stateA None Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federation of two constituent units: and Brčko District, a self-governing administrative unit.
 – Republic of BotswanaA UN member stateA None

 – Federative Republic of BrazilA UN member stateA None Member of UNASUL. Brazil is a of 26 states and 1 federal district.
 – Nation of Brunei, Abode of PeaceA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of BulgariaA UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
A UN member stateA None

Burma → MyanmarA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of BurundiA UN member stateA None

 – Kingdom of CambodiaA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of CameroonA UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None Canada is a Commonwealth realm and a federation of 10 provinces and 3 territories.
 – Republic of Cabo VerdeA UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None

 – Republic of ChadA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of ChileA UN member stateA None Member of the UNASUL. Chile has two "special territories" in the Valparaíso Region: and Juan Fernández Islands
 – People's Republic of ChinaA UN member statePartially unrecognized. The People's Republic of China (PRC) contains five autonomous regions: Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special Administrative Regions of: China claims, but does not control Taiwan, which is governed by a rival administration (the Republic of China) that claims all of China as its territory.

China is not recognised by 19 UN member states and the , which, with the exception of Bhutan, recognise Taiwan instead.

China controls part of the territory of , which is disputed by and .

China, Republic of → TaiwanA UN member stateA None
 – Republic of ColombiaA UN member stateA None Member of the UNASUL.
 – Union of the ComorosA UN member stateA None Comoros is a of 3 islands.
A UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None

ZZZCook Islands → Cook IslandsA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of Costa RicaA UN member stateA None

Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory CoastA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of CroatiaA UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
 – Republic of CubaA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of CyprusA UN member stateNot recognized by Turkey Member of the EU. The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of Northern Cyprus. See Foreign relations of Cyprus and . refers to the Republic of Cyprus government as "The Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus".
A UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
Democratic People's Republic of Korea → Korea, NorthA UN member stateA None
Democratic Republic of the Congo → Congo, Democratic Republic of theA UN member stateA None
 – Kingdom of DenmarkA UN member stateA None Member of the EU. The Kingdom of Denmark includes 2 self-governing territories:

The continental territory of Denmark, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland form the three constituent countries of the Kingdom. The designation "Denmark" can refer either to continental Denmark or to the short name for the entire Kingdom (e.g. in international organizations). The Kingdom of Denmark as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law does not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Also see .

 – Republic of DjiboutiA UN member stateA None

 – Commonwealth of DominicaA UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None

 – Democratic Republic of Timor-LesteA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of EcuadorA UN member stateA None Member of the UNASUL.
 – Arab Republic of EgyptA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of El SalvadorA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of Equatorial GuineaA UN member stateA None

 – State of EritreaA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of EstoniaA UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
eSwatini → SwazilandA UN member stateA None

 – Federal Democratic Republic of EthiopiaA UN member stateA None Ethiopia is a of nine regions and two chartered cities.

 – Republic of FijiA UN member stateA None Fiji contains 1 autonomous region, .
 – Republic of FinlandA UN member stateA None Member of the EU.

  • is a neutral and demilitarised autonomous region of Finland.
 – French RepublicA UN member stateA None Member of the EU. France contains five overseas regions/departments: , , , , and Réunion. France also includes the overseas territories of:

 – Gabonese RepublicA UN member stateA None

Gambia  – Republic of The GambiaA UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None Georgia contains two autonomous republics, and Abkhazia. In Abkhazia and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.
 – Federal Republic of GermanyA UN member stateA None Member of the EU. Germany is a of 16 federated states (Länder).
 – Republic of GhanaA UN member stateA None

 – Hellenic RepublicA UN member stateA None Member of the EU. is an autonomous part of Greece that is jointly governed by the multinational "Holy Community" on the mountain and a civil governor appointed by the Greek government.Constitution of Greece, Art. 105.
A UN member stateA None Grenada is a Commonwealth realm.
 – Republic of GuatemalaA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of GuineaA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of Guinea-BissauA UN member stateA None

 – Co-operative Republic of GuyanaA UN member stateA None Member of the UNASUL.
 – Republic of HaitiA UN member stateA None

Holy See → Vatican CityA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of HondurasA UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
A UN member stateA None

 – Republic of IndiaA UN member stateA None India is a of 29 states and seven union territories. India claims the entire territory of as one of its states, but only exercises control over part of it, while the rest is controlled by the People's Republic of China and .
 – Republic of IndonesiaA UN member stateA None Indonesia has five provinces with official special autonomy status: , , Yogyakarta SR, Papua, and West Papua.
 – Islamic Republic of IranA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of IraqA UN member stateA None Iraq is a Iraqi constitution of 19 governorates, five of which make up the autonomous .
A UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
 – State of IsraelA UN member statePartially unrecognized Israel exerts strong control over the territory claimed by Palestine. Israel annexed , an annexation not recognised by the international community. Israel maintains varying levels of control over the rest of the , and although Israel no longer has a permanent civilian or military presence in the , following its unilateral disengagement, it is still considered by some to be the occupying power under international law. Israel is not recognised as a state by 32 UN members (including most Arab states) nor by the SADR.
 – Italian RepublicA UN member stateA None Member of the EU. has 5 autonomous regions, with varying levels of autonomy from the central government of Italy, and known officially as "special status regions":
 – Republic of Côte d'IvoireA UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm.
 – State of JapanA UN member stateA None

 – Hashemite Kingdom of JordanA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of KazakhstanA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of KenyaA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of KiribatiA UN member stateA None

 – Democratic People's Republic of KoreaA UN member stateNorth Korea is not recognised by three UN members: France, Japan and South Korea.
 – Republic of KoreaA UN member stateSouth Korea has 1 autonomous region: South Korea is not recognised by one UN member: North Korea.
ZZZKosovo → KosovoA UN member stateA None

 – State of KuwaitA UN member stateA None

 – Kyrgyz RepublicA UN member stateA None

 – Lao People's Democratic RepublicA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of LatviaA UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
 – Lebanese RepublicA UN member stateA None

 – Kingdom of LesothoA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of LiberiaA UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None

 – Principality of LiechtensteinA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of LithuaniaA UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
 – Grand Duchy of LuxembourgA UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
 – Republic of MacedoniaA UN member stateA None Because of the Macedonia naming dispute, the country is referred to by the UN and a number of states and international organizations as "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".
 – Republic of MadagascarA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of MalawiA UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None Malaysia is a of 13 states and three federal territories.
 – Republic of MaldivesA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of MaliA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of MaltaA UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
 – Republic of the Marshall IslandsA UN member stateA None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
 – Islamic Republic of MauritaniaA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of MauritiusA UN member stateA None Mauritius has an autonomous island, .
 – United Mexican StatesA UN member stateA None Mexico is a of 31 states and one autonomous city.
 – Federated States of MicronesiaA UN member stateA None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia is a of four states.
 – Republic of MoldovaA UN member stateA None Moldova has the autonomous regions of and Transnistria, the latter of which has established a de facto state.
 – Principality of MonacoA UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None

 – Kingdom of MoroccoA UN member stateA None Morocco claims sovereignty over and controls most of it, which is disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
 – Republic of MozambiqueA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of the Union of MyanmarA UN member stateA None

ZZZNagorno-Karabakh → ArtsakhA UN member stateA None
 – Republic of NamibiaA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of NauruA UN member stateA None

 – Federal Democratic Republic of NepalA UN member stateA None Nepal is a composed of 14 zones.
 – Kingdom of the NetherlandsA UN member stateA None Member of the EU. The Kingdom of the Netherlands includes four areas with substantial autonomy:

The continental part of the Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten form the four constituent countries of the Kingdom. Three other territories (, , and ) are special municipalities of the continental Netherlands.

The designation "Netherlands" can refer either to the continental Netherlands or to the short name for the entire Kingdom (e.g. in international organizations). The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe.

A UN member stateA None New Zealand is a Commonwealth realm, and has the dependent territories of:

New Zealand has responsibilities for (but no rights of control over) two freely :

The Cook Islands and Niue have diplomatic relations with and UN members respectively. For more information, see Foreign relations of the Cook Islands. They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN, and are members of some UN specialized agencies.

 – Republic of NicaraguaA UN member stateA None Nicaragua contains two autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.
 – Republic of NigerA UN member stateA None

 – Federal Republic of NigeriaA UN member stateA None Nigeria is a of 36 states and 1 federal territory.
ZZZNiue → NiueA UN member stateA None

ZZZNorthern Cyprus → Northern CyprusA UN member stateA None
North Korea → Korea, NorthA UN member stateA None
 – Kingdom of NorwayA UN member stateA None

  • is an integral part of Norway, but has a special status due to the .
  • is an island that is an integral part of Norway, although unincorporated.

Norway has the dependent territories of:

 – Sultanate of OmanA UN member stateA None

 – Islamic Republic of PakistanA UN member stateA None Pakistan is a of four provinces, 1 capital territory, and tribal regions. Pakistan disputes the entire territory of with , and part of it with the . It exercises control over certain portions of Kashmir, but has not officially annexed any of it,Constitution of Pakistan, Art. 1. instead regarding it as a disputed territory.
(2018). 9780275969349, Greenwood Publishing Group. .
(2018). 9788126110919, Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd.. .
The portions that it controls are divided into two territories, administered separately from Pakistan proper:

Azad Kashmir describes itself as a "self-governing state under Pakistani control", while Gilgit-Baltistan is described in its governance order as a group of "areas" with self-government.http://gbtribune.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/self-governance-order-2009.pdf These territories are not usually regarded as sovereign, as they do not fulfill the criteria set out by the declarative theory of statehood (for example, their current laws do not allow them to engage independently in relations with other states). Several state functions of these territories (such as foreign affairs and defence) are performed by Pakistan.

(2014). 9781483333281 .
http://www.ajkassembly.gok.pk/AJK_Interim_Constitution_Act_1974.pdf
 – Republic of PalauA UN member stateA None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
 – State of PalestineA UN observer state; member of 1 UN specialized agencyPartially unrecognized. The declared State of Palestine has received diplomatic recognition from states. The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control on much of the territory that it proclaimed.See the following on statehood criteria:
  • "...the Palestinian State also meets the traditional criteria under the Montevideo Convention..."; "...the fact that a majority of states have recognised Palestine as a State should easily fulfill the requisite state practice".
  • "It is possible, however, to argue for Palestinian statehood based on the constitutive theory".
  • "Whether one applies the criteria of statehood set out in the Montevideo Convention or the more widely accepted constitutive theory of statehood, Palestine might be considered a state." The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the Palestinian territories. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization. The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO, and an observer state in the UN.
 – Republic of PanamaA UN member stateA None

 – Independent State of Papua New GuineaA UN member stateA None Papua New Guinea is a Commonwealth realm with 1 autonomous region, Bougainville.
 – Republic of ParaguayA UN member stateA None Member of the UNASUL.
 – Republic of PeruA UN member stateA None Member of the UNASUL.
 – Republic of the PhilippinesA UN member stateA None The Philippines contains one autonomous region, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.
 – Republic of PolandA UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
 – Portuguese RepublicA UN member stateA None Member of the EU. Portugal contains two autonomous regions, and .
Pridnestrovie → TransnistriaA UN member stateA None
 – State of QatarA UN member stateA None

Republic of Korea → Korea, SouthA UN member stateA None
Republic of the Congo → Congo, Republic of theA UN member stateA None
A UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
 – Russian FederationA UN member stateA None Russia is officially a of 85 federal subjects (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast). Several of the federal subjects are ethnic republics. Russia also forms the jointly with .
 – Republic of RwandaA UN member stateA None

ZZZSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic → Sahrawi Arab Democratic RepublicA UN member stateA None
 – Federation of Saint Christopher and NevisA UN member stateA None Saint Kitts and Nevis is a Commonwealth realm and is a of two islands, St. Kitts and .
A UN member stateA None Saint Lucia is a Commonwealth realm.
A UN member stateA None Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth realm.
 – Independent State of SamoaA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of San MarinoA UN member stateA None

 – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and PríncipeA UN member stateA None São Tomé and Príncipe contains 1 autonomous province, Príncipe.
 – Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of SenegalA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of SerbiaA UN member stateA None Serbia contains two autonomous regions, and Kosovo and Metohija. The latter is under the de facto control of the Republic of Kosovo.
 – Republic of SeychellesA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of Sierra LeoneA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of SingaporeA UN member stateA None

 – Slovak RepublicA UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
 – Republic of SloveniaA UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
A UN member stateA None The Solomon Islands is a Commonwealth realm.
 – Federal Republic of SomaliaA UN member stateA None Somalia has two self-declared autonomous regions: and , while the territory of Somaliland has formed an unrecognised de facto state.
ZZZSomaliland → SomalilandA UN member stateA None
 – Republic of South AfricaA UN member stateA None

South Korea → Korea, SouthA UN member stateA None
ZZZSouth Ossetia → South OssetiaA UN member stateA None
 – Republic of South SudanA UN member stateA None South Sudan is a of 28 states.
  • The is a zone with "special administrative status" established by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005. It is de-jure a condominium of South Sudan and Sudan, but de facto administered by South Sudan.
 – Kingdom of SpainA UN member stateA None Member of the EU. Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities and 2 special autonomous cities.
 – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri LankaA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of the SudanA UN member stateA None Sudan is a of 18 states. Sudan claims the , which is currently under UN protection and governed by South Sudan.
ZZZSudan, South → South SudanA UN member stateA None
 – Republic of SurinameA UN member stateA None Member of the UNASUL.
 – Kingdom of EswatiniA UN member stateA None

 – Kingdom of SwedenA UN member stateA None Member of the EU.
 – Swiss ConfederationA UN member stateA None Switzerland is a of 26 cantons.
 – Syrian Arab RepublicA UN member stateA None The Syrian National Coalition, which is recognized as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people by 20 UN members, has established an interim government to rule rebel controlled territory during the Syrian civil war. Syria has one self-declared autonomous region: .
ZZZTaiwan (Republic of China) → TaiwanA UN member stateA None
 – Republic of TajikistanA UN member stateA None Tajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.
 – United Republic of TanzaniaA UN member stateA None Tanzania contains 1 autonomous region, .
 – Kingdom of ThailandA UN member stateA None

The Bahamas → Bahamas, TheA UN member stateA None
The Gambia → Gambia, TheA UN member stateA None
Timor-Leste → East TimorA UN member stateA None
 – Togolese RepublicA UN member stateA None

 – Kingdom of TongaA UN member stateA None

ZZZTransnistria → TransnistriaA UN member stateA None
 – Republic of Trinidad and TobagoA UN member stateA None Trinidad and Tobago contains 1 autonomous region, .
 – Tunisian RepublicA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of TurkeyA UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None Tuvalu is a Commonwealth realm.
 – Republic of UgandaA UN member stateA None

A UN member stateA None Ukraine contains an autonomous republic, Crimea. In 2014 Russia annexed the region along with turning them in one of its federal subjects as Republic of Crimea and city of Sevastopol.
A UN member stateA None The United Arab Emirates is a of seven emirates.
 – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandA UN member stateA None Member of the EU. The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth realm consisting of four constituent countries: , , , and . The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories:

The British monarch has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:

 – United States of AmericaA UN member stateA None The United States is a of 50 states and 1 federal district with shared sovereignty. The Federal government of the United States has sovereignty over the following inhabited possessions and commonwealths:

It also has sovereignty over several uninhabited territories:

It also has sovereignty over the following incorporated territories:

Three sovereign states have become of the United States under the Compact of Free Association:

  •  – Republic of the Marshall Islands
  •  – Federated States of Micronesia
  •  – Republic of Palau

It also disputes sovereignty over the following territories:

 – Oriental Republic of UruguayA UN member stateA None Member of the UNASUL.
 – Republic of UzbekistanA UN member stateA None Uzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region, .
 – Republic of VanuatuA UN member stateA None

 – Vatican City StateA UN observer state under the designation of ""; member of three UN specialized agencies and the IAEAA None Administered by the , a sovereign entity with diplomatic ties to – 180 UN member states, one UN observer state (Palestine), the Cook Islands and the Republic of China (Taiwan). The Holy See is a member of the IAEA, ITU, UPU, and WIPO and a permanent observer of the UN (in the category of "Non-member State") and multiple other UN System organizations. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the , who is the Bishop of the Diocese of Rome and sovereign of Vatican City.
 – Bolivarian Republic of VenezuelaA UN member stateA None Member of the UNASUL. Venezuela is a of 23 states, 1 capital district, and federal dependencies.
 – Socialist Republic of VietnamA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of YemenA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of ZambiaA UN member stateA None

 – Republic of ZimbabweA UN member stateA None

ZZZ↑ UN member states and observer states ↑A ZZZZZZ
ZZZABB
ZZZ↓ Other states ↓D AAAZZZ
 – Republic of AbkhaziaD No membershipRecognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Artsakh, South Ossetia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
 – Republic of ArtsakhD No membershipA de facto independent state,
(2018). 9783642117879, Springer. .
recognized only by , Вице-спикер парламента Абхазии: Выборы в НКР соответствуют всем международным стандартам: "Абхазия, Южная Осетия, НКР и Приднестровье уже давно признали независимость друг друга и очень тесно сотрудничают между собой", – сказал вице-спикер парламента Абхазии. ... "...Абхазия признала независимость Нагорно-Карабахской Республики..." – сказал он." and . Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan. Regions and territories'': Nagorno-Karabakh (17 January 2006). BBC News. Retrieved 17 January 2006.
D Member of eight UN specialized agenciesA None
(See political status) A state in with New Zealand, . The Cook Islands is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity. It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
 – Republic of KosovoD Member of two UN specialized agenciesPursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo was placed under the administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo in 1999. Kosovo declared independence in 2008, and it has and the Republic of China. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other UN member states and non UN member states continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in .
D Member of five UN specialized agenciesA None
(See political status) A state in with New Zealand, . Niue is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity. It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
 – Turkish Republic of Northern CyprusD No membership
Recognised only by Turkey. Under the name "Turkish Cypriot State", it is an observer state of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organization. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cy.html The World FactbookCyprus] (10 January 2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 17 January 2006''.
     
D No membershipRecognised at some stage by , of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of the and the Asian–African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian–African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in , Algeria.
 – Republic of SomalilandD No membershipA de facto independent state, not diplomatically recognised by any other state, claimed in whole by the Federal Republic of Somalia.
 – Republic of South OssetiaD No membershipA de facto independent state,
(2018). 9781896440613, Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, University of Dalhousie. .
recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Syria, Venezuela, Abkhazia, Artsakh and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.
 – Republic of ChinaDFormer UN member (as Republic of China, 1945–1971)
Observer in one UN specialized agency under the name ""
A state competing (nominally) for recognition with the (PRC) as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China (ROC) controls the island of and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the , and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the . The ROC is recognised by . All these states do not recognise the PRC either. Additionally, one UN member () has refrained from recognising either the ROC or the PRC.

The territory of the ROC is claimed in whole by the PRC. The ROC participates in international organizations under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "" and in the WTO it has full membership. The ROC was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the UN Security Council. See China and the United Nations.

 – Pridnestrovian Moldavian RepublicD No membershipA de facto independent state, recognised only by Abkhazia, Artsakh and South Ossetia. Claimed in whole by Moldova as the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit. Regions and territories'': Trans-Dniester (13 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved 17 January 2006.
ZZZ↑ Other states ↑D ZZZZZZ
ZZZZZZZZZZZZ
Legend "Membership within the UN System" column

Legend "Sovereignty dispute" column


Criteria for inclusion
The dominant customary international law standard of statehood is the declarative theory of statehood, which was codified by the Montevideo Convention of 1933. The Convention defines the state as a person of international law if it "possesses the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population; (b) a defined territory; (c) government; and (d) a capacity to enter into relations with the other states" so long as it was not "obtained by force whether this consists in the employment of arms, in threatening diplomatic representations, or in any other effective coercive measure".
(2018). 9781107609433, Cambridge University Press. .

Debate exists on the degree to which recognition should be included as a criterion of statehood. The declarative theory of statehood argues that statehood is purely objective and recognition of a state by other states is irrelevant. On the other end of the spectrum, the constitutive theory of statehood defines a state as a person under international law only if it is recognised as by other states. For the purposes of this list, included are all states that either:

  • (a) consider themselves sovereign (through a declaration of independence or some other means) and are often regarded as satisfying the declarative theory of statehood, or
  • (b) are recognised as a sovereign state by at least one UN member state

Note that in some cases, there is a divergence of opinion over the interpretation of the first point, and whether an entity satisfies it is disputed. Unique political entities which fail to meet the classification of a sovereign state are considered .

(2018). 9780765800497, Transaction Publishers.
(2018). 9781107161627, Cambridge University Press.

On the basis of the above criteria, this list includes the following 206 entities:The following bullets are grouped according to the availability of sources for the two criteria ((a) and/or (b)). This arrangement is not intended to reflect the relative importance of the two theories. Additional details are discussed in the state's individual entries.

  • 203 states recognised by at least one UN member state
  • Two states that satisfy the declarative theory of statehood and are recognised only by non-UN member states: Artsakh,
  • One state that satisfies the declarative theory of statehood and is not recognised by any other state:

The table includes bullets representing entities which are either not sovereign states or have a close association to another sovereign state. It also includes subnational areas where the sovereignty of the titular state is limited by an international agreement. Taken together, these include:

  • States in a relationship to another state
  • Two entities controlled by Pakistan which are neither sovereign states, dependent territories, or part of another state: and
  • Dependent territories of another state, as well as areas that exhibit many characteristics of dependent territories according to the dependent territory page
  • Subnational entities created by international agreements


See also
  • ISO 3166-1
  • Adjectivals and demonyms for countries and nations
  • Gallery of country coats of arms
  • Gallery of sovereign state flags
  • List of countries and capitals in native languages
  • List of national capitals in alphabetical order
  • List of country-name etymologies
  • List of dependent territories
  • List of international rankings
  • List of ISO 3166 country codes
  • List of micronations
  • List of rebel groups that control territory
  • List of states with limited recognition
  • List of territorial disputes
    • List of sovereign states and dependent territories by continent
    • List of shortest-lived sovereign states
    • List of sovereign states by date of formation
      • Lists of sovereign states by year
  • List of administrative divisions by country


Notes

Bibliography
  • (1995). 9780855982911, Instituto del Tercer Mundo.
  • (2018). 9780749440664, Kogan Page. .

Page 1 of 1
1
Page 1 of 1
1

Account

Social:
Pages:  ..   .. 
Items:  .. 

Navigation

General: Atom Feed Atom Feed  .. 
Help:  ..   .. 
Category:  ..   .. 
Media:  ..   .. 
Posts:  ..   ..   .. 

Statistics

Page:  .. 
Summary:  .. 
1 Tags
10/10 Page Rank
5 Page Refs
2s Time