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List of countries by GDP (nominal)
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ImageSize = width:auto height:250 barincrement:50 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:15 top:10 right:20 AlignBars = justify TimeAxis = orientation:vertical DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0.0 till:21 ScaleMajor = unit:day start:0.0 increment:2

PlotData =

 color:blue width:25
 bar:US from:start till:20.513
 bar:China from:start till:13.457
 bar:Japan from:start till:5.071
 bar:Germany from:start till:4.029
 bar:UK from:start till:2.809
 bar:France from:start till:2.795
     

TextData =

 pos:(0,0) text:US$ Tn
     
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Gross domestic product (GDP) is the of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year. Countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or government official . Nominal GDP does not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the of the country's . Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference in the standard of living of its population.

Comparisons of national wealth are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem, but has its own drawbacks; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than nominal GDP. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are less spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

The United States is the world's largest economy with a GDP of approximately $20.513 trillion, notably due to high average incomes, a large population, capital investment, moderate unemployment, high consumer spending, a relatively young population, and technological innovation. Tuvalu is the world's smallest national economy, with a GDP of about $32 million, because of its very small population, a lack of natural resources, reliance on foreign aid, negligible capital investment, demographic problems, and low average incomes.

Although the rankings of national economies have changed considerably over time, the United States has maintained its top position since the , a time period in which its economy saw rapid expansion, surpassing the and in aggregate output. Since China's transition to a market-based economy through privatisation and deregulation, the country has seen its ranking increase from ninth in 1978 to second to only the United States in 2016 as economic growth accelerated and its share of global nominal GDP surged from 2% in 1980 to 15% in 2016. India has also experienced a similar economic boom since the implementation of economic liberalisation in the early 1990s. When supranational entities are included, the is the second largest economy in the world. It was the largest from 2004, when ten countries joined the union, to 2014, after which it was surpassed by the United States.

The first list includes estimates compiled by the International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook, the second list shows the 's data, and the third list includes data compiled by the United Nations Statistics Division. The IMF definitive data for the past year and estimates for the current year are published twice a year in April and October. Several economies which are not considered to be countries (the world, the European Union, and some dependent territories) are included in the lists because they appear in the sources as distinct economies. These economies are italicized and not ranked in the charts, but are listed where applicable.


Lists
style="margin:auto; width:100%;" |- | style="width:33%; text-align:center;" | Per the International Monetary Fund (2018) | style="width:33%; text-align:center;" | Per the (2017) | style="width:33%; text-align:center;" | Per the (2017) |- valign="top" |
84,835,462
20,513,000
18,769,286
13,457,267
5,070,626
4,029,140
2,808,899
2,794,696
2,689,992
2,086,911
1,909,386
1,733,706
1,655,608
1,576,488
1,437,047
1,427,767
1,199,264
1,005,268
909,887
769,878
713,513
709,118
602,678
554,659
549,478
536,055
490,120
475,429
459,401
441,439
432,612
430,082
397,472
376,679
366,448
365,599
360,315
354,683
347,290
346,621
336,940
331,678
306,987
299,887
286,275
276,553
249,471
244,540
241,434
239,440
237,962
230,911
228,944
218,057
205,997
188,342
188,295
184,209
156,393
144,523
126,390
118,178
114,504
107,266
106,940
104,557
96,328
92,504
89,591
83,836
81,682
81,103
79,109
77,460/Na
71,543
68,993
66,031
63,651
60,933
60,816
59,971
56,934
56,709
55,645
54,969
53,961
52,468
51,815
47,564
45,875
45,592
43,303
43,236
42,692
42,764
41,869
41,851
41,833
41,662
39,300
38,445
34,286
33,249
29,527
28,813
28,524
27,855
26,684
25,833
25,778
24,240
24,141
23,963
23,835
23,284
20,767
20,367
19,984
19,367
19,070
18,230
17,407
17,212
16,716
15,424
15,121
14,695
14,601
14,284
14,270
14,148
14,033
13,380
13,225
12,928
12,724
12,533
12,499
12,374
11,503
11,460
11,436
11,112
10,546
9,717
9,709
9,458
8,013
7,839
7,350
6,885
6,722
5,389
5,347
5,223
5,200
5,172
4,809
4,756
3,980
3,840
3,754
3,636
3,436
3,218
3,155
2,981
2,624
2,307
2,187
1,972
1,912
1,774
1,769
1,612
1,605
1,564
1,480
1,424
1,192
1,005
957
878
828
745
485
468
450
335
300
230
205
45
|
|
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See also
  • List of countries by GDP (PPP)
  • List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita
  • List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita


Notes
Figures exclude , and special administrative regions of and . Figures exclude special administrative regions of and . Excludes data for . Includes . Data are for the area controlled by the Government of the Republic of Cyprus. Covers mainland only. Excludes and . Figures exclude Republic of Crimea and .

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