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   » » Wiki: List Of U.s. States By Date Of Admission To The Union
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List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union
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A state of the is one of the 50 constituent entities that shares its with the federal government. are citizens of both the and of the state in which they reside, due to the shared sovereignty between each state and the federal government. , , , and use the commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

States are the primary subdivisions of the United States. They possess all powers not granted to the federal government, nor prohibited to them by the United States Constitution. In general, state governments have the power to regulate issues of local concern, such as: regulating intrastate commerce, running elections, creating local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance. Each state has its own constitution grounded in republican principles, and government consisting of executive, legislative, and judicial branches.

All states and their residents are represented in the federal Congress, a legislature consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Each state is represented by two Senators, and at least one Representative, while the size of a state's House delegation depends on its total population, as determined by the most recent constitutionally-mandated decennial census. Additionally, each state is entitled to select a number of electors to vote in the Electoral College, the body that elects the President of the United States, equal to the total of Representatives and Senators in Congress from that state.

Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution grants to Congress the authority to admit new states into the Union. Since the establishment of the United States in 1776, the number of states has expanded from the original 13 to 50. Each new state has been admitted on an with the existing states.

The following table is a list of all 50 states and their respective dates of statehood. The first 13 became states in July 1776 upon agreeing to the United States Declaration of Independence, and each joined the first Union of states between 1777 and 1781, upon ratifying the Articles of Confederation, its first constitution.

(2018). 9780299002046, University of Wisconsin Press.
(A separate table is included below showing AoC ratification dates.) These states are presented in the order in which each ratified the 1787 Constitution, thus joining the present federal Union of states. The date of admission listed for each subsequent state is the official date set by Act of Congress.


List of U.S. states
1
(2018). 9781851096695, ABC-CLIO.

(ratified)
2
(ratified)
Proprietary Province of Pennsylvania
3
(ratified)
of New Jersey
4
(ratified)
Crown Colony of Georgia
5
(ratified)
Crown Colony of Connecticut
6
(ratified)
Crown Colony of Massachusetts Bay
7
(ratified)
Proprietary Province of Maryland
8
(ratified)
Crown Colony of South Carolina
9
(ratified)
Crown Colony of New Hampshire
10
(ratified)
Crown Colony and Dominion of Virginia
11
(ratified)
Crown Colony of New York
12
(ratified)
Crown Colony of North Carolina
13
(ratified)
Crown Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
14
(admitted)
15
(admitted)
Virginia (nine counties in its District of Kentucky)
16
(admitted)
Southwest Territory
17
(admitted)
Northwest Territory (part)
18
(admitted)
19
(admitted)
Indiana Territory
20
(admitted)
Mississippi Territory
21
(admitted)
Illinois Territory (part)
22
(admitted)
Alabama Territory
23
(admitted)
Massachusetts (District of Maine)
24
(admitted)
Missouri Territory (part)
25
(admitted)
Arkansas Territory
26
(admitted)
Michigan Territory
27
(admitted)
Florida Territory
28
(admitted)
29
(admitted)
(part)
30
(admitted)
Wisconsin Territory (part)
31
(admitted)
32
(admitted)
Minnesota Territory (part)
33
(admitted)
(part)
34
(admitted)
(part)
35
(admitted)
Virginia (50 Trans-Allegheny region counties)
36
(admitted)
37
(admitted)
Nebraska Territory
38
(admitted)
Colorado Territory
39
(admitted)
(part)
40
(admitted)
(part)
41
(admitted)
Montana Territory
42
(admitted)
Washington Territory
43
(admitted)
44
(admitted)
Wyoming Territory
45
(admitted)
46
(admitted)
Oklahoma Territory and
47
(admitted)
New Mexico Territory
48
(admitted)
Arizona Territory
49
(admitted)
50
(admitted)


Articles of Confederation ratification dates
The Second Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation for ratification by the individual states on November 15, 1777. The Articles of Confederation came into force on March 1, 1781, after being ratified by all 13 states. On March 4, 1789, the general government under the Articles was replaced with the federal government under the present Constitution.
(2018). 9780786460175, McFarland. .
New York
Georgia


See also
  • Enabling Act of 1802, authorizing residents of the eastern portion of the Northwest Territory to form the state of Ohio
  • Missouri Compromise, 1820 federal statute the admission of Missouri (a slave state) and Maine (a free state) into the Union
  • , 1835–36 boundary dispute between Ohio and the adjoining Michigan Territory, which delayed Michigan's admission to the Union
  • , the 1845 incorporation of the Republic of Texas into the United States as a state in the Union
* Legal status of Texas
  • Compromise of 1850, a package of congressional acts, one of which provided for the admission of California to the Union
  • , a series of violent conflicts in Kansas Territory involving anti-slavery and factions in the years preceding Kansas statehood, 1854–61
  • Enabling Act of 1889, authorizing residents of Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories to form state governments (Dakota to be divided into two states) and to gain admission to the Union
  • Enabling Act of 1906 authorizing residents of Oklahoma, Indian, New Mexico, and Arizona territories to form state governments (Indian and Oklahoma territories to be combined into one state) and to gain admission to the Union
  • Alaska Statehood Act, admitting Alaska as a state in the Union as of January 3, 1959
* Legal status of Alaska
  • Hawaii Admission Act, admitting Hawaii as a state in the Union as of August 21, 1959
* Legal status of Hawaii
  • List of states and territories of the United States
  • Federalism in the United States
  • Proposals for a 51st state


Notes

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