Layyah District (), (), is a district in the Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in the southern part of the province. Layyah is the district headquarter of Layyah District. Layyah has hot climate, most of the area is desert.
It lies between 30–45 to 31–24 deg north latitudes and 70–44 to 71–50 deg east longitudes. The area consists of a semi-rectangular block of sandy land between the Indus River
and the Chenab River
in Sindh Sagar Doab. The total area covered by the district is 6,291 km2
with a width from east to west of and a length from north to south of .
The town was founded around 1550 by Kamal Khan, who laid foundation of Dera Ghazi Khan. Around 1610, the town was taken from the Rulers, who held it until 1787. Abdun Nabi Sarai was appointed Governor by Timur Shah Durrani, but three years later it was included in the Governorship of Muhammad Khan Sadozai, who transferred his seat of Government to Mankera
. In 1794, Humayun Shah, the rival claimant to the throne of Kabul, was captured near Layyah and brought into the town, where his eyes were put out by order of Zaman Shah. Under the Sikh Empire
, the town once more became the centre of administration for the neighbouring tract, and after the British occupation in 1849, was for a time the headquarters of a Civil Administrative Division. This administrative status of Layyah was short-lived and the British reduced it to the level of Tehsil
headquarters, making it a part of Dera Ismail Khan. In 1901, Layyah was transferred to the new District of Mianwali. Later on, it was made part of the Muzaffargarh District. In 1982, Layyah Tehsil was upgraded to District headquarters comprising three Tehsils: Layyah, Karor Tehsil
and Chaubara. The municipality was created in 1875.
[ History Layyah.]
The district of Layyah is made up of three
Karor Lal Esan Tehsil
According to Pakistan District Education Ranking, a report released by Alif Ailaan
, Layyah is ranked at number 38 out of 155 districts nationally with an education score of 66.76. The learning score of Layyah is 70.8.
The readiness score of Layyah is 65.13 ranking the district at number 31. Furthermore, the school infrastructure score of Layyah is 94.38, placing it a national rank of 18.
The score reflects that most schools in Layyah have all basic facilities e.g. electricity, drinking water and functional toilets.
The issues reported in TaleemDo! App by the residents of Layyah suggest that students of government schools have low confidence as compared to private schools, but the students can’t go to private schools because of high fees. Complaints about quality of teachers and a few basic facilities are also the issues reported in the app.
Sehar village residents flood-prone Layyah district, had seen their homes repeatedly inundated and they finally took matters into their own hands and rebuilt their homes on raised dirt platforms five to six feet high, shored up with eucalyptus trees planted around the edges.
[ In homegrown innovation, Sehar village rises above flood woes] [ Fight against fury as Layyah’s 382 villages inundated] [ Relief operations under way in flood-hit areas ]
The population, according to the 1998 census was 2 Million. Per capita income during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 9,900, and expenditure Rs. 10,100. In 1903-4, the income was Rs. 10,600, chiefly derived from octroi, and the expenditure was Rs. 10,600.
According to the 2011 district census the Muslim population is by far the largest religious group, constituting 98.7% of the population, followed by Christians, who are barely 1% of the population and are equally spread among the urban and rural area locations.
According to the 1998 census, % of the district's population spoke Saraiki language as a first language.
["Mother tongue": defined as the language of communication between parents and children, and recorded of each individual.] Punjabi language was spoken by %, and Urdu – by 3.1%.