The Electronic Industries Alliance
; until 1997 Electronic Industries Association
) was a standards and trade organization composed as an alliance of trade associations for electronics manufacturers in the United States
. They developed standards to ensure the equipment of different manufacturers was compatible and interchangeable. The EIA ceased operations on February 11, 2011, but the former sectors continue to serve the constituencies of EIA.
In 1924, United States-based radio manufacturers formed a trade group called the Associated Radio Manufacturers
. Later that same year, the group renamed itself the Radio Manufacturers Association
). Over time, new electronic technologies brought new members and name changes, including Radio Television Manufacturers Association
) (1950), Radio Electronics Television Manufacturers Association
) (1953) and Electronic Industries Association
) (1957). The group renamed itself for the last time in 1997, when the Electronic Industry Association became the Electronic Industries Alliance
), reflecting the changing membership of the group, including non-manufacturer members.
The organization's headquarters were in Arlington, Virginia. The EIA divided its activities into the following sectors:
ECA – Electronic Components, Assemblies, Equipment & Supplies Association
JEDEC – JEDEC Solid State Technology Association, former Joint Electron Device Engineering Council
GEIA – (now part of TechAmerica), Government Electronics and Information Technology Association
TIA – Telecommunications Industry Association
CEA – Consumer Electronics Association
The EIA announced in 2007 that it would be dissolved into its constituent divisions,
[http://www.edn.com/electronics-news/4317670/The-fall-of-EIA-What-happened-] and transferred operations soon after. The Alliance formally ceased to exist on February 11, 2011. EIA designated ECA to continue to develop standards for interconnect, passive and electro-mechanical (IP&E) electronic components under the ANSI-designation of EIA standards. All other electronic components standards will be managed by their respective sectors.
The ECA merged with the National Electronic Distributors Association (NEDA) in 2011 to form the Electronic Components Industry Association (ECIA).
[http://www.edn.com/electronics-news/4311980/NEDA-ECA-merge-target-counterfeit-components | NEDA, ECA merge, target counterfeit components] However, the EIA standards brand will continue for IP&E standards within ECIA. [http://www.ecianow.org/standards-practices/standards/]
With the changing names of the EIA, the naming convention of the standards was also adapted. For example, a standard defining serial communication between computers and modems e.g. was originally drafted as a Recommended Standard
thus the " RS
" RS-232. Later it was taken over by the EIA as EIA-232
. Later this standard was managed by the TIA and the name was changed to the current TIA-232
. Because the EIA was accredited by ANSI to help develop standards in its areas, these standards are often described as e.g. ANSI TIA-232
(or formerly as ANSI EIA/TIA-232
). As currently authorized, any ANSI standard designated at ANSI EIA-xxx is developed or managed by ECA (and, in the future, ECIA).