6 ( six) is the natural number following 5 and preceding 7.
The SI prefix for 1000^{6} is exa (E), and for its reciprocal atto (a).
In mathematics
6 is the smallest positive integer which is neither a
square number nor a
prime number. Six is the second smallest
composite number; its proper
are , and .
Since six equals the sum of its proper divisors, six is the smallest perfect number, Granville number, and $\backslash mathcal\{S\}$perfect number.
As a perfect number:

6 is related to the Mersenne prime 3, since . (The next perfect number is 28.)

6 is the only even perfect number that is not the sum of successive odd cubes.
[David Wells, The Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting Numbers. London: Penguin Books (1987): 67]

6 is the root of the 6aliquot tree, and is itself the aliquot sum of only one number; the square number, .
Six is the only number that is both the sum and the product of three consecutive positive numbers.[Peter Higgins, Number Story. London: Copernicus Books (2008): 12]
Unrelated to 6 being a perfect number, a Golomb ruler of length 6 is a "perfect ruler".[Bryan Bunch, The Kingdom of Infinite Number. New York: W. H. Freeman & Company (2000): 72] Six is a congruent number.
Six is the first discrete biprime (2 × 3) and the first member of the (2 × q) discrete biprime family.
Six is a unitary perfect number, a harmonic divisor number and a superior highly composite number, the last to also be a primorial. The next superior highly composite number is . The next primorial is .
There are no GraecoLatin squares with order 6. If n is a natural number that is not 2 or 6, then there is a GraecoLatin square with order n.
There is not a prime p such that the multiplicative order of 2 modulo p is 6, that is, ord_{ p}(2) = 6.
By Zsigmondy's theorem, if n is a natural number that is not 1 or 6, then there is a prime p such that ord_{ p}(2) = n. See for such p.
The ring of integer of the sixth cyclotomic field , which is called Eisenstein integer, has 6 units: ±1, ±ω, ±ω^{2}, where $\backslash omega\; =\; \backslash frac\{1\}\{2\}(1\; +\; i\backslash sqrt\; 3)\; =\; e^\{2\backslash pi\; i/3\}$.
The smallest nonabelian group group is the symmetric group S_{3} which has factorial = 6 elements.
S_{6}, with 720 elements, is the only finite symmetric group which has an outer automorphism. This automorphism allows us to construct a number of exceptional mathematical objects such as the S(5,6,12) Steiner system, the projective plane of order 4 and the HoffmanSingleton graph. A closely related result is the following theorem: 6 is the only natural number n for which there is a construction of n isomorphic objects on an nset A, invariant under all permutations of A, but not naturally in onetoone correspondence with the elements of A. This can also be expressed category theoretically: consider the category whose objects are the n element sets and whose arrows are the between the sets. This category has a nontrivial functor to itself only for .
Six similar coins can be arranged around a central coin of the same radius so that each coin makes contact with the central one (and touches both its neighbors without a gap), but seven cannot be so arranged. This makes 6 the answer to the twodimensional kissing number problem. The densest sphere packing of the plane is obtained by extending this pattern to the lattice in which each circle touches just six others.
6 is the largest of the four
Harshad number.
A sixsided polygon is a hexagon, one of the three regular polygons capable of tessellation. representing hexagons (including six) are called . Because 6 is the product of a power of 2 (namely 2^{1}) with nothing but distinct (specifically 3), a regular hexagon is a constructible polygon.
Six is also an octahedral number. It is a triangular number and so is its square ().
There are six basic trigonometric functions.
There are six convex regular polytopes in four dimensions.
The six exponentials theorem guarantees (given the right conditions on the exponents) the transcendence of at least one of a set of exponentials.
All primes above 3 are of the form 6 n ± 1 for n ≥ 1.
List of basic calculations


6 × x  6  12  18  24  30  36  42  48  54  60
!  66  72  78  84  90  96  102  108  114  120
!  150  300  600  6000 


6 ÷ x  6  3  2  1.5  1.2  1  0.  0.75  0.  0.6
!  0.  0.5  0.  0.  0.4 
x ÷ 6  0.1  0.  0.5  0.  0.8  1  1.1  1.  1.5  1.
!  1.8  2  2.1  2.  2.5 


6  6  36  216  1296  7776  46656  279936  1679616  10077696  60466176
!  362797056  2176782336  13060694016 
x  1  64  729  4096  15625  46656  117649  262144  531441  1000000
!  1771561  2985984  4826809 
Greek and Latin word parts
Hexa
Hexa is classical
Greek language for "six". Thus:

"Hexadecimal" combines hexa with the Latinate decimal to name a number base of 16

A hexagon is a regular polygon with six sides

L'Hexagone is a French nickname for the continental part of Metropolitan France for its resemblance to a regular hexagon

A hexahedron is a polyhedron with six faces, with a cube being a special case

Hexameter is a poetic form consisting of six feet per line

A "hex nut" is a nut with six sides, and a hex Screw has a sixsided head

The prefix "hexa" also occurs in the systematic name of many chemical compounds, such as hexane which has 6 carbon atoms ().
The prefix sex
Sex is a
Latin prefix meaning "six". Thus:

Senary is the ordinal adjective meaning "sixth"

People with sexdactyly have six fingers on each hand

The measuring instrument called a sextant got its name because its shape forms onesixth of a whole circle

A group of six musicians is called a sextet

Six babies delivered in one birth are

Sexy prime pairs – Prime pairs differing by six are sexy, because sex is the Latin word for six.
Evolution of the glyph
The evolution of our modern glyph for 6 appears rather simple when compared with that for the other numerals. Our modern 6 can be traced back to the
of
India, who wrote it in one stroke like a cursive lowercase e rotated 90 degrees clockwise. Gradually, the upper part of the stroke (above the central squiggle) became more curved, while the lower part of the stroke (below the central squiggle) became straighter. The Arabs dropped the part of the stroke below the squiggle. From there, the European evolution to our modern 6 was very straightforward, aside from a flirtation with a glyph that looked more like an uppercase G.
[Georges Ifrah, The Universal History of Numbers: From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer transl. David Bellos et al. London: The Harvill Press (1998): 395, Fig. 24.66]
On the sevensegment displays of calculators and watches, 6 is usually written with six segments. Some historical calculator models use just five segments for the 6, by omitting the top horizontal bar. This glyph variant has not caught on; for calculators that can display results in hexadecimal, a 6 that looks like a "b" is not practical.
Just as in most modern , in typefaces with text figures the 6 character usually has an ascender, as, for example, in .
This numeral resembles an inverted 9. To disambiguate the two on objects and documents that can be inverted, the 6 has often been underlined, both in handwriting and on printed labels.
In music
In artists

Les Six ("The Six" in English) was a group consisting of the French composers Georges Auric, Louis Durey, Arthur Honegger, Darius Milhaud, Francis Poulenc and Germaine Tailleferre in the 1920s

Bands with the number six in their name include Six Organs of Admittance, 6 O'Clock Saints, Electric Six, Eve 6, Los Xey ( sei is Basque for "six"), Out On Blue Six, Six In Six, Sixpence None the Richer, Slant 6, Vanity 6, and You Me At Six

6 is the pseudonym of United States musician Shawn Crahan, when performing with the band Slipknot
In instruments

A standard guitar has six strings

Most woodwind instruments have six basic holes or keys (e.g., bassoon, clarinet, pennywhistle, saxophone); these holes or keys are usually not given numbers or letters in the fingering charts
In music theory

There are six whole tones in an octave.

There are six semitones in a tritone.
In works

"Six geese alaying" were given as a present on the sixth day in the popular Christmas carol, "The Twelve Days of Christmas."

Divided in six arias, Hexachordum Apollinis is generally regarded as one of the pinnacles of Johann Pachelbel's oeuvre.

The theme of the sixth album by Dream Theater, Six Degrees Of Inner Turbulence, was the number six: the album has six songs, and the sixth song — that is, the complete second disc — explores the stories of six individuals suffering from various mental illnesses.

Aristotle gave six elements of tragedy, the first of which is Mythos.
In religion

There are 6:

Points on a Star of David

Orders of the Mishnah

Symbolic foods placed on the Passover Seder Plate

God took six days to create the world in the Old Testament Book of Genesis; humankind was created on day 6. In the City of God, Augustine of Hippo suggested ( book 11, chapter 30) that God's creation of the world took six days because 6 is a perfect number.

The Judaism holiday of Shavuot starts on the sixth day of the Hebrew calendar month of Sivan

have six wings.

In Islam:

There are Six articles of belief

Fasting six days of Shawwal, together with the month of Ramadan, is equivalent to fasting the whole year

In Hindu theology, a trasarenu is the combination of six celestial paramānus (atoms).
See also .
">

Six Lines of a I Ching

Six Ministries of Huang Di
In science
Astronomy
Biology

The cells of a beehive are hexagon.

Insects have six .

Six kingdoms in the taxonomic rank below domain (biology); Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria, and Bacteria/Eubacteria. See Kingdom (biology).

The six elements most common in biomolecules are called the CHNOPS elements; the letters stand for the chemical abbreviations of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and sulfur. See CHON.
Chemistry

A benzene molecule has a ring of six carbon atoms.

6 is the atomic number of carbon.

The sixfold symmetry of arises from the crystal structure of Ice.

A hexamer is an oligomer made of six subunits.
Medicine

There are six tastes in traditional Indian Medicine called Ayurveda: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent, and astringent. These tastes are used to suggest a diet based on the symptoms of the body.

Phase 6 is one of six pandemic influenza phases.
Physics

In the Standard Model of particle physics, there are six types of quarks and six types of leptons.

In statistical mechanics, the Icetype model has six possible configurations of arrows at each vertex

There are six colors in the RGB color wheel: (primary) red, blue, green, (secondary) cyan, magenta, and yellow. (See Tertiary color)

In threedimensional Euclidean space, there are six unknown support reactions for a statically determinate structure: one force in each of the three dimensions, and one moment through each of three possible orthogonal planes.
In sports

The Original Six teams in the National Hockey League are Toronto, Chicago, Montreal, New York, Boston Bruins, and Detroit. They are the oldest remaining teams in the league, though not necessarily the first six; they comprised the entire league from 1942 to 1967

Number of players:

In association football (soccer), the number of substitutes combined by both teams, that are allowed in the game.

In box lacrosse, the number of players per team, including the goaltender, that are on the floor at any one time, excluding penalty situations.

In ice hockey, the number of players per team, including the goaltender, that are on the ice at any one time during regulation play, excluding penalty situations. (Some leagues reduce the number of players on the ice during overtime.)

In volleyball, six players from each team on each side play against each other

Sixman football is a variant of American or Canadian football, played by smaller schools with insufficient enrollment to field the traditional 11man (American) or 12man (Canadian) squad

Also in volleyball, standard rules only allow six total substitutions per team per set. (Substitutions involving the libero, a defensive specialist who can only play in the back row, are not counted against this limit.)

Scoring:

In both American and Canadian football, 6 points are awarded for a touchdown.

In Australian rules football, 6 points are awarded for a goal, scored when a kicked ball passes between the defending team's two inner goalposts without having been touched by another player.

In most rugby league competitions (but not the European Super League, which uses static squad numbering), the jersey number 6 is worn by the starting fiveeighth (Southern Hemisphere term) or standoff half (Northern Hemisphere term).

In rugby union, the starting blindside flanker wears jersey number 6. (Some teams use "left" and "right" flankers instead of "openside" and "blindside", with 6 being worn by the starting left flanker.)
In technology

On most phones, the 6 key is associated with the letters M, N, and O, but on the BlackBerry it is the key for J and K, and on the BlackBerry 8700 series and Curve 8900 with full keyboard, it is the key for F

The "6meter band" in amateur radio includes the frequencies from 50 to 54 MHz

6 is the resin identification code used in recycling to identify polystyrene
In calendars
In the arts and entertainment
Games

The number of sides on a cube, hence the highest number on a standard dice

The sixsided tiles on a hex grid are used in many tabletop and board games.

The highest number on one end of a standard Dominoes
Comics and cartoons

The Super 6, a 1966 animated cartoon series featuring six different superpowered heroes.

The Bionic Six are the heroes of the eponymous animated series

Sinister Six is a group of super villains who appear in American comic books published by Marvel Comics
Literature

The Power of Six is a book written by Pittacus Lore, and the second in the Lorien Legacies series.

Number 6 is a character in the book series Lorien Legacies
TV

Number Six (Tricia Helfer), is a family of fictional characters from the reimagined science fiction television series, Battlestar Galactica

Number 6, the main protagonist in The Prisoner played by Patrick McGoohan, and portrayed by Jim Caviezel in the remake.

Six is a character in the television series Blossom played by Jenna von Oÿ.

Six is the nickname of Kal Varrik, a central character in the television series Dark Matter, played by Roger Cross.

Six is a History channel series that chronicles the operations and daily lives of SEAL Team Six.
Movies

Number 6 (Teresa Palmer) is a character in the movie I Am Number Four (2011)
Anthropology

The name of the smallest group of and Guiding's equivalent Brownies, traditionally consisting of six people and is led by a "sixer".

A coffin is traditionally buried six feet under the ground; thus, the phrase "six feet under" means that a person (or thing, or concept) is dead

There are said to be no more than six degrees of separation between any two people on Earth.

In Western astrology, Virgo is the 6th astrological sign of the Zodiac

Six human physical needs: breathing, urination, defecation, water, food, and sex

The Six Dynasties form part of Chinese history

6 is a lucky number in Chinese culture.

The Birmingham Six were a British miscarriage of justice, held in prison for 16 years.

"Six" is used as an informal slang term for the British Secret Intelligence Service, MI6.
In other fields

Six pack is a common form of packaging for six bottles or cans of drink (especially beer), and by extension, other assemblages of six items.

The fundamental flight instruments lumped together on a cockpit display are often called the Basic Six or sixpack.

The number of dots in a Braille cell.

See also Six degrees (disambiguation).

Extrasensory perception is sometimes called the "sixth sense".

Six Flags is an American company running amusement parks and theme parks in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico.

In the U.S. Army "Six" as part of a radio call sign is used by the commanding officer of a unit, while subordinate platoon leaders usually go by "One".
[
]
(For a similar example see also:
Rainbow Six.)

The Odd Number 6, JA Todd, Math. Proc. Camb. Phil. Soc. 41 (1945) 66–68

A Property of the Number Six, Chapter 6, P Cameron, JH v. Lint, Designs, Graphs, Codes and their Links

Wells, D. The Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting Numbers London: Penguin Group. (1987): 67  69
External links