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Wiki Markup
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Wiki markup is the syntax and keywords used by the software to format a page. To learn how to see this markup and to save an edit, see: .


Layout

Sections

Section headings
Use headings to split articles into sections. Put a heading on a separate line. A level-two heading ("==") is the highest level editors use in an article.

==Section headings==
     

Headings organize your writing into sections. The wiki software can automatically generate a from them. Start with 2 'equals' ("==") characters.


Subsection
Using more 'equals' characters creates a subsection.


A smaller subsection
Don't skip levels, like from two ("==") to four ("====") 'equals' characters.

A defined term
A semicolon at the
start of a line is a way of making a definition where the word being defined appears in bold. The definition itself follows the colon and is not rendered bold by default. It is not a heading and does not appear in the table of contents.

Section headings

Headings organize your writing into sections. The wiki software can automatically generate a from them. Start with 2 'equals' ("==") characters.

Subsection
Using more 'equals' characters creates a subsection.

A smaller subsection

Don't skip levels, like from two ("==") to four ("====") 'equals' characters.

A defined term
A semicolon at the start of a line is a way of making a definition where the word being defined appears in bold. The definition itself follows the colon and is not rendered bold by default. It is not a heading and does not appear in the table of contents.

'''Horizontal line'''
Separating with a horizontal
dividing line:
:this is above it...
----
:...and this is below it.
If you don't use a section header,
you don't get a TOC entry.
     

Horizontal line

Separating with a horizontal dividing line:

this is above it...
...and this is below it.

If you don't use a section header, you don't get a TOC entry.


Table of contents
When a page has at least four headings, a table of contents (TOC) will appear in front of the first header (after the lead). Putting __TOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to appear at that point (instead of just before the first heading). Putting __NOTOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to disappear. See also for alphabet and year headings.


Line breaks
  • You can make the wikitext more readable by putting in newlines, but see for possible problems.
  • To break lines use the <nowiki></nowiki> element. The HTML tag <nowiki></nowiki> will be converted to the XHTML <nowiki></nowiki> tag by in most instances. The <nowiki></nowiki> tag is not converted when used in or in the it will render invalid XHTML and will break tools such as .
  • Please use these sparingly.
  • Close markup between lines; do not start a or italics or bold on one line and close it on the next.
  • When used in a list, a newline does affect the layout (see ).
     
A single newline has no effect on the layout.

But an empty line starts a new paragraph, or ends a list or an indented part.

     
You can break lines

without starting a new paragraph.


Indent text
Left indent
     
A colon at the start of a line
:causes the line to be indented,
::most commonly used on Talk pages.
Blockquote

When there is a need for separating a block of text. This is useful for (as the name says) inserting blocks of quoted (and cited) text.

<nowiki></nowiki>
The blockquote tag will indent both margins when needed instead of the left margin only as the colon does.


Center text
<nowiki></nowiki>
Centered text

Template uses the same markup. To center a table, see .


Lists
* Unordered  are easy to do:
     
    • Start every line with a star.
      • More stars indicate a deeper level.
    • : Previous item continues.
    • A new line
  • in a list
marks the end of the list.
  • Of course you can start again.
  • Unordered are easy to do:
    • Start every line with a star.
      • More stars indicate a deeper level.
    • : Previous item continues.
    • A new line
  • in a list
marks the end of the list.
  • Of course you can start again.
# Numbered lists are:
     
    1. Very organized
    2. Easy to follow
  1. : Previous item continues
A new line marks the end of the list.
  1. New numbering starts with 1.
  1. Numbered lists are:
    1. Very organized
    2. Easy to follow
  2. : Previous item continues
A new line marks the end of the list.
  1. New numbering starts with 1.
;Definition lists: Terms and their definitions.
     
Hamlet
Also useful for texts of plays.
Definition lists
Terms and their definitions.
Hamlet
Also useful for texts of plays.


Retaining newlines and spaces
The MediaWiki software suppresses single newlines and converts lines starting with a space to preformatted text in a dashed box. HTML suppresses multiple spaces. It is often desirable to retain these elements for poems, lyrics, mottoes, oaths and the like. The extension adds HTML-like tags to maintain newlines and spaces. These tags may be used inside other tags such as . may be applied to this tag, e.g.: <nowiki></nowiki>.


In Xanadu did Kubla Khan
     
 A stately pleasure-dome decree:
     
Where Alph, the sacred river, ran
 Through caverns measureless to man
     
Down to a sunless sea.

So twice five miles of fertile ground

 With walls and towers were girdled round:
     
And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills,
 Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree;
     
And here were forests ancient as the hills,
 Enfolding sunny spots of greenery.
     
In Xanadu did Kubla Khan
 A stately pleasure-dome decree:
     
Where Alph, the sacred river, ran
 Through caverns measureless to man
     
Down to a sunless sea.

So twice five miles of fertile ground

 With walls and towers were girdled round:
     
And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills,
 Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree;
     
And here were forests ancient as the hills,
 Enfolding sunny spots of greenery.
     

     
In Xanadu did Kubla Khan
 A stately pleasure-dome decree:
     
Where Alph, the sacred river, ran
 Through caverns measureless to man
     
Down to a sunless sea.
In Xanadu did Kubla Khan
 A stately pleasure-dome decree:
     
Where Alph, the sacred river, ran
 Through caverns measureless to man
     
Down to a sunless sea.


Format

Text formatting
Italics, bold, small capital letters.
To italicize text, just put
2 apostrophes on each side.
     

3 apostrophes will bold the text

5 apostrophes for bold italics

For text as small caps, that uses a .

To italicize text, just put 2 apostrophes on each side.

3 apostrophes will bold the text

5 apostrophes for bold italics

For text as small caps, that uses a .

Small chunks of source code within a line of normal text.

Code is displayed in a monospace font.

     
function int m2() is nice
for source code.

Computer code has colored text and more stringent formatting. For example, to define a function: int m2(), with highlights.

A single newline has no
effect on the layout.
But an empty line starts a new
paragraph, or ends a list or
an indented part.
     
  1. include
int m2 (int ax, char *p_ax) {
 std::cout <<"Hello World!";
 return 0;
     
}
Small text.
You can break lines
without starting a new paragraph.
Use small text if needed.

A span tag can set text font-size as being 87% of prior size, to match an image caption.

Big text.
:A colon at the start of a line
::causes the line to be indented,
:::most commonly used on Talk pages.
     

Better not use big text, unless it's within small text.

You can include a non-breaking space (sometimes called non-printing character) where you require two words to always appear together on the same line, such as Mr. Smith or 400 km/h, using &amp;nbsp; in place of a regular space between the two "words" that need to behave as a single word (never be separated on different lines).
Mr.&nbsp;Smith or 400&nbsp;km/h.
Mr. Smith or 400 km/h.
Extra spacing within text can best be achieved using the template.
<blockquote>
The '''blockquote''' tag will indent both margins when needed instead of the left margin only as the colon does.
</blockquote>
     
Mary had a little lamb.
Typewriter font.

(Does also work beyond the end of a paragraph.)

<div class="center" style="width:auto; margin-left:auto; margin-right:auto;">Centered text</div> 
     

New paragraph started here.

arrow →

italics, bold

New paragraph started here.


Special characters
See also: .


Diacritical marks

<poem style="margin-left:2em;">


Punctuation
function <code>int m2()</code> is nice

  – —
     

‘ ’ “ ”

' "


Other punctuation
The and markup tags are also available. (Permits <syntaxhighlight lang="cpp"> #include <iostream> int m2 (int ax, char *p_ax) { std::cout <<"Hello World!"; return 0; }</syntaxhighlight> for example.)


Commercial symbols
Use <small>small text</small> if needed.
A span tag can set text font-size as
being <span style="font-size:87%">87%
of prior size</span>, to match an
image caption.
     


Subscripts and superscripts
  • The prefers the Better not use <big>big text</big>, unless <small> it's <big>within</big> small</small> text. format.
  • The latter methods of sub/superscripting cannot be used in the most general context, as they rely on Unicode support which may not be present on all users' machines. For the 1-2-3 superscripts, it is nevertheless preferred when possible (as with units of measurement) because most browsers have an easier time formatting lines with it.

Subscripts
Mary {{pad|4em}} had a little lamb.

x1 x2 x3 or

x x x x x

x x x x x

Superscripts
<tt>arrow      &amp;rarr;</tt>
<tt>''italics'', '''bold'''</tt>
<tt><nowiki>[[link]]

x1 x2 x3 or

x x x x x

x x x x x

Combined
&amp;Agrave; &amp;Aacute; &amp;Acirc; &amp;Atilde; &amp;Auml; &amp;Aring; &amp;AElig;
&amp;Ccedil; &amp;Egrave; &amp;Eacute; &amp;Ecirc; &amp;Euml;
&amp;Igrave; &amp;Iacute; &amp;Icirc; &amp;Iuml; &amp;Ntilde;
&amp;Ograve; &amp;Oacute; &amp;Ocirc; &amp;Otilde; &amp;Ouml; &amp;Oslash;
&amp;Ugrave; &amp;Uacute; &amp;Ucirc; &amp;Uuml; &amp;szlig;
&amp;agrave; &amp;aacute; &amp;acirc; &amp;atilde; &amp;auml; &amp;aring; &amp;aelig; &amp;ccedil;
&amp;egrave; &amp;eacute; &amp;ecirc; &amp;euml;
&amp;igrave; &amp;iacute; &amp;icirc; &amp;iuml; &amp;ntilde;
&amp;ograve; &amp;oacute; &amp;ocirc; &amp;otilde; &amp;ouml; &amp;oslash; &amp;oelig;
&amp;ugrave; &amp;uacute; &amp;ucirc; &amp;uuml; &amp;yuml;

ε0 = 8.85 × 10−12 C² / J m

1 =


Greek characters
&amp;iquest; &amp;iexcl; &amp;sect; &amp;para;
&amp;dagger; &amp;Dagger; &amp;bull; &amp;ndash; &amp;mdash;
&amp;lsaquo; &amp;rsaquo; &amp;laquo; &amp;raquo;
&amp;lsquo; &amp;rsquo; &amp;ldquo; &amp;rdquo;
&amp;apos; &amp;quot;
     


Mathematical characters

[ { & } ]

×

′ ″


Mathematical formulae
  • Formulae that include mathematical letters, like , and operators like should not use the plain letter x. See . For a comprehensive set of symbols, and comparison between tags and the template see section .

  • The tag typesets using , which may render as an image or as HTML, depending on environmental settings. The &lt;math&gt; tag is best for the complex formula on its own line in an image format. If you use this tag to put a formula in the line with text, put it in the template.

  • The template , and will size-match a serif font, and will also prevent line-wrap. All templates are sensitive to the = sign, so remember to replace = with in template input. Use wikimarkup <nowiki></nowiki> and <nowiki></nowiki> inside the template, as well other . The template is best for typeset formulas in line with the text.


Spacing in simple math formulae
  • Using &amp;nbsp; to prevent line break is not needed; the {{tl|math}} template will prevent line breaks anyway; you can use &lt;br/> if you need an explicit line break inside a formula.

&amp;trade; &amp;copy; &amp;reg; &amp;cent; &amp;euro; &amp;yen; 
&amp;pound; &amp;curren;
     

It follows that is true when is a real number.


Complicated formulae
  • See for how to use <math>.
  • A formula displayed on a line by itself should probably be indented by using the colon (:) character.

x<sub>1</sub>

\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}


Links and URLs

Free links
In and some other , free links are used in markup to produce between pages, as opposed to the concept of for the same purpose, which was used in the early days of Wikipedia see .

In , you create free links by putting double square brackets around text designating the title of the page you want to link to. Thus, <nowiki></nowiki> will be rendered as . Optionally, you can use a (|) to customize the link title. For example, typing <nowiki></nowiki> will produce , a link that is displayed as "Lone Star State" but in fact links to .


Link to another wiki article
  • Internally, the first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link has the same effect as typing a space, but is not recommended).
  • Thus the link hereafter is to the Web address en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_transport, which is the Wikipedia article with the name "Public transport". See also .
  • is a page that doesn't exist yet; it can be created by clicking on the link.
  • will appear only as bold text.

<nowiki></nowiki>London has .
<nowiki></nowiki>Link to this own article: "" will appear only as bold text.


Renamed link
  • Same target, different name.
  • The target ("piped") text must be placed first, then the text to be displayed second.

<nowiki></nowiki>New York also has .


Automatically rename links
  • Simply typing the pipe character (|) after a link will automatically rename the link in certain circumstances. The next time you open the edit box you will see the expanded piped link. When your edits, you will not see the expanded form until you press Save and Edit again. The same applies to .
  • See for details.

Automatically hide stuff in parentheses<nowiki></nowiki>
Automatically hide namespace<nowiki></nowiki>
Or both<nowiki></nowiki>
But this doesn't work for section links<nowiki></nowiki>


Blend link
  • Endings are blended into the link.
    • Exception: a trailing (') and any characters following the apostrophe are not blended.
  • Preferred style is to use this instead of a piped link, if possible.
  • Blending can be suppressed by using the tag, which may be desirable in some instances.

Blending active.<nowiki></nowiki>San Francisco also has . Examples include , , and .
Blending suppressed.<nowiki></nowiki>A second.


Link to a section of a page
  • The part after the number sign (#) must match a on the page. Matches must be exact in terms of spelling, case, and punctuation. Links to non-existent sections are not broken; they are treated as links to the top of the page.
  • Include "| link title" to create a stylish () link title.
  • If sections have the same title, add a number to link to any but the first. goes to the third section named "Example section". You can use the pipe and retype the section title to display the text without the # symbol.

<nowiki></nowiki> is a link to a section within another page.
<nowiki></nowiki> is a link to another section on the current page. is a link to the same section without showing the # symbol.
<nowiki></nowiki> is a piped link to a section within another page.


Create page link
  • To create a new page:
    1. Create a link to it on some other (related) page.
    2. Save that page.
    3. Click on the link you just made. The new page will open for editing.
  • For more information, see and check out Wikipedia's .
  • Please do not create a new article without linking to it from at least one other article.

Links to pages that dont exist yet look red.<nowiki></nowiki>The article about doesn't exist yet.


Redirects
  • one article title to another by placing a directive like the one shown to the right on the first line of the article (such as at a page titled "").
  • It is possible to redirect to a section. For example, a redirect to will redirect to the History section of the page, if it exists.

Redirect to an article.<nowiki></nowiki>
Redirect to a section.<nowiki></nowiki>


Link to another
<nowiki></nowiki>See the .


Link to the same article in another language (interlanguage links)
  • To link to a corresponding page in another language, use the form: <nowiki></nowiki><em>language code</em>:<em>Foreign title</em><nowiki></nowiki>.
  • It is recommended interlanguage links be placed at the very end of the article.
  • Interlanguage links are not visible within the formatted article, but instead appear as language links on the sidebar (to the left) under the menu section "languages".
  • For further help, please see and the .
NOTE: To create an inline link (a clickable link within the text) to any foreign language article, see and consider the usage notes.

Link from English article "Plankton" to the Spanish article .

"es" is the language code for "espaol" (the ).

     

Other examples: German (de for Deutsch), Russian (ru), and simple English (simple).
     

link
  • Link to any page on other Wikimedia wikis.
  • Note that interwiki links use the internal link style.
  • See for the list of shortcuts; if the site you want to link to is not on the list, use an external link ().
  • See also .

Linking to a page on another wiki in English.

All of these forms lead to the URL http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Hello.

Simple link.

Without prefix.

Named link.

<nowiki></nowiki>

<nowiki></nowiki>

<nowiki></nowiki>

Linking to a page on another wiki in another language.

All of these forms lead to the URL http://fr.wiktionary.org/wiki/bonjour.

Simple link.

Without prefix.

Named link.

<nowiki></nowiki>

<nowiki></nowiki>

<nowiki></nowiki>


Categories
  • To put an article in a , place a link like the one to the right anywhere in the article. As with interlanguage links, placing these links at the end of the edit box is recommended.
  • To link to a category page without putting the article into the category, use a colon prefix (":Category") in the link.

Categorize an article.<nowiki></nowiki>
Link to a category.<nowiki></nowiki>
Without prefix.<nowiki></nowiki>


External links
  • Square brackets indicate an external link. Note the use of a space (not a pipe) to separate the URL from the link text in the "named" link. Square brackets may be used as normal when not linking to anything like.
  • An must begin with a supported : http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; irc://, ircs://, ftp://, news://, mailto: and gopher:// will require a plugin or an external application. IPv6 addresses in URLs are currently not supported.
  • An URL containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by . Encoding can be achieved by:
*Use the link button on the enhanced editing toolbar to encode the link; this tool will add the bracket markup and the linked text, which may not always be desirable.
*Or manually encode the URL by replacing these characters:

Named link with an <nowiki></nowiki> Wikipedia
Unnamed link

(Only used within article body for footnotes)

<nowiki></nowiki>[2]
Bare URL

(Bad style)

<nowiki></nowiki>http://www.wikipedia.org
Link without arrow

(Not often used)

<nowiki></nowiki> Wikipedia


Miscellaneous

"As of" tag
  • "" tags like "As of April 2009" and "as of April 2009" categorize info that will need updating.
For an explanation of the parameters see .

<nowiki></nowiki>

<nowiki></nowiki>


Media link
  • To include links to non image uploads such as sounds, use a "media" link. For images, .
  • Some uploaded sounds are listed at .

<nowiki></nowiki>


Links directly into edit mode
Full URL.<nowiki></nowiki>

"Edit" label.


Automatic links

Book sources
  • Link to books using their . This is preferred to linking to a specific online bookstore, because it gives the reader a choice of vendors. However, if one bookstore or online service provides additional free information, such as table of contents or excerpts from the text, then a link to that source will aid the user and is recommended. ISBN links do not need any extra markup, provided you use one of the indicated formats.
  • To create a link to using alternative text (e.g. the book's title), use the internal link style with the appropriate namespace.

<nowiki></nowiki>ISBN 012345678X
<nowiki></nowiki>ISBN 0-12-345678-X
<nowiki></nowiki>Link to a book using .


RFC number

<nowiki></nowiki>Text mentioning an RFC number anywhere, e.g. RFC 4321.


Pronunciation aids
It is often desirable to provide an aid to pronunciation for a word. The and templates can be of assistance.

<nowiki></nowiki>Konjac ()
<nowiki></nowiki>Konjac ( )
<nowiki></nowiki>Konjac is pronounced in English.

Refer to for more information.


Images
Only images that have been uploaded to Wikipedia can be used. To upload images, use the . You can find the uploaded image on the .

A picture:
x<sub>1</sub> x<sub>2</sub> x<sub>3</sub> or 
x&amp;#8320; x&amp;#8321; x&amp;#8322; x&amp;#8323; x&amp;#8324; 
x&amp;#8325; x&amp;#8326; x&amp;#8327; x&amp;#8328; x&amp;#8329;
     

A picture:

With alternative text:
x<sup>1</sup> x<sup>2</sup> x<sup>3</sup> or 
x&amp;#8304; x&amp;sup1; x&amp;sup2; x&amp;sup3; x&amp;#8308; 
x&amp;#8309; x&amp;#8310; x&amp;#8311; x&amp;#8312; x&amp;#8313;
     

With alternative text:

  • Alternative text, used when the image is unavailable or when the image is loaded in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud, is strongly encouraged. See for help on choosing it.

With link:
&amp;epsilon;<sub>0</sub> = 8.85 &amp;times; 10<sup>&amp;minus;12</sup> C&amp;sup2; / J m
1 [[hectare]] = [[1 E4 m&amp;sup2;]]
     

With link:

  • Links direct to a page instead of the file.

Floating to the right side of the page using the frame attribute and a caption:
&amp;alpha; &amp;beta; &amp;gamma; &amp;delta; &amp;epsilon; &amp;zeta; 
&amp;eta; &amp;theta; &amp;iota; &amp;kappa; &amp;lambda; &amp;mu; &amp;nu; 
&amp;xi; &amp;omicron; &amp;pi; &amp;rho; &amp;sigma; &amp;sigmaf; 
&amp;tau; &amp;upsilon; &amp;phi; &amp;chi; &amp;psi; &amp;omega; 
&amp;Alpha; &amp;Beta; &amp;Gamma; &amp;Delta; &amp;Epsilon; &amp;Zeta; 
&amp;Eta; &amp;Theta; &amp;Iota; &amp;Kappa; &amp;Lambda; &amp;Mu; 
&amp;Nu; &amp;Xi; &amp;Omicron; &amp;Pi; &amp;Rho; &amp;Sigma; 
&amp;Tau; &amp;Upsilon; &amp;Phi; &amp;Chi; &amp;Psi; &amp;Omega; 
     

Floating to the right side of the page using the frame attribute and a caption:

  • The frame tag automatically floats the image right.
  • The last parameter is the caption that appears below the image.

Floating to the right side of the page using the thumb attribute and a caption:
&amp;int; &amp;sum; &amp;prod; &amp;radic; 
&amp;minus; &amp;plusmn; &amp;infin; 
&amp;asymp; &amp;prop; &amp;equiv; &amp;ne; 
&amp;le; &amp;ge; 
&amp;times; &amp;middot; &amp;divide; &amp;part; 
&amp;prime; &amp;Prime; 
&amp;nabla; &amp;permil; &amp;deg; &amp;there4; &amp;alefsym; 
&amp;oslash; 
&amp;isin; &amp;notin; &amp;cap; &amp;cup; 
&amp;sub; &amp;sup; &amp;sube; &amp;supe; 
&amp;not; &amp;and; &amp;or; &amp;exist; &amp;forall; 
&amp;rArr; &amp;lArr; &amp;dArr; &amp;uArr; &amp;hArr; 
&amp;rarr; &amp;darr; &amp;uarr; &amp;larr; &amp;harr; 
     

Floating to the right side of the page using the thumb attribute and a caption:

  • The thumb tag automatically floats the image right.
  • An enlarge icon is placed in the lower right corner.

Floating to the right side of the page without a caption:
''

Floating to the right side of the page without a caption:
  • The explains more options.

A picture resized to 30 pixels...
'''

A picture resized to 30 pixels...

  • The explains more options.

Linking directly to the description page of an image:
<math>2x \times 4y \div 6z   8
   - \frac {y}{z^2} = 0</math>
{{crlf|}}
{{math|2x &amp;times; 4y &amp;divide;
6z   8 &amp;minus; {{Fraction
  |y|z<sup>2</sup>}} {{=}} 0}}
<math>\sin 2\pi x   \ln e\,\!</math>
<math>\sin 2\pi x   \ln e</math>
{{math|sin 2&amp;pi;''x''   ln ''e''}}
     

Linking directly to the description page of an image:

  • Clicking on an image displayed on a page (such as any of the ones above) also leads to the description page.

Linking directly to an image without displaying it:
It follows that {{math
|''x''<sup>2</sup> &amp;ge; 0}} is true when {{math|<VAR>x</VAR>}} is a real number.
     

Linking directly to an image without displaying it:

  • To include links to images shown as links instead of drawn on the page, use a "media" link.

: <math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>
     

Example:
Place images here

Using the to separate images from text (note that this may allow images to cover text).

[[Texas]]

Example:

{ align=right

Place images here

| Using wiki markup to make a table in which to place a vertical column of images (this helps edit links match headers, especially in Firefox browsers).

|}

See the Wikipedia's as a guideline used on Wikipedia.

For further help on images, including some more versatile abilities, see the .


Tables
There are two ways to build tables:
  • In special wiki-markup (see ).
  • Using HTML elements: <table>, <tr>, <td> or <th>.

See also .


References and citing sources
Making a reference citing a printed or online source can be accomplished by using the ref tag. Inside the reference tag details about the reference are added. You can add additional attributes to add detail about the source and reference, a pipe (div) precedes each reference, each attribute goes inside the cite portion of the tag.

|
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>
<nowiki></nowiki>


Templates and transcluding pages
Examples for templates: [[Texas|Lone Star State]]

are segments of wiki markup that are meant to be copied automatically ("transcluded") into a page. You add them by putting the template's name in London has [[public transport]].. It is also possible to transclude other pages by using Link to this own article: "[[Help:Wiki markup]]" will appear only as bold text..

There are three pairs of that can be used in to control how transclusion affects parts of a template or article. They determine whether or not wikitext renders, either in its own article, which we will call "here", or in another article where it is transcluded, which we will call "there".

  • New York also has [[public transport|public transportation]].: the content will not be rendered there. These tags have no effect here.
  • [[kingdom (biology)|]]: the content will render only there , and will not render here (like made visible by means of transclusion).
  • [[Wikipedia:Village pump|]]: the content will render here and will render there, but it will only render there what is between these tags.
There can be several such section "". Also, they can be nested. All possible renderings are achievable. For example, to render there one or more sections of the page here use [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style (headings)|]] tags. To append text there, wrap the addition in [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Links|]] tags above, within, or below the section. To omit portions of the section, nest San Francisco also has [[public transport]]ation. Examples include [[bus]]es, [[taxicab]]s, and [[tram]]s. tags within it.

If a page is transcluded without transclusion markup, it may cause an unintentional . Any page transcluding it will contain the same category as the original page. Wrap the category markup with A [[micro-]]<nowiki />second. tags to prevent incorrect categorization.

Some templates take parameters, as well, which you separate with the pipe character.

This template takes two parameters,
and creates underlined text with a
hover box for many modern browsers
supporting CSS:
     

Go to this page to see the H:title template itself:

This template takes two parameters, and creates underlined text with a hover box for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

Go to this page to see the H:title template itself:


Talk and project pages

Signing comments
  • The character tilde (~) is used when adding a comment to a Talk page.
  • Your username provides a link to your .

You should sign your comments by appending four tildes to the comment, which adds your user name plus date/time.<nowiki></nowiki>() 04:21, 24 September 2017 (UTC)
Adding three tildes will add just your user name.<nowiki></nowiki>()
Adding five tildes gives the date/time alone.<nowiki></nowiki>04:21, 24 September 2017 (UTC)


What links here and related changes
[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Italics]] is a link to a section within another page.
[[#Links and URLs]] is a link to another section on the current page. [[#Links and URLs|Links and URLs]] is a link to the same section without showing the # symbol.


Linking to old revisions of pages, diffs, and specific history pages
  • External link function is used for these.
  • Open an old revision or diff and copy the URL from the address bar, pasting it where you want it.

<nowiki></nowiki> previous edit


User edits
  • Link to a user's Contributions page.

Username (registered users).<nowiki></nowiki>
address (unregistered users).<nowiki></nowiki>
address (unregistered users).<nowiki></nowiki>


Coloring text

<nowiki></nowiki>

I will change the color in this sentence.


Show deleted or inserted text
  • When editing regular Wikipedia articles, just make your changes and do not mark them up in any special way.
  • When editing your own previous remarks in talk pages, it is sometimes appropriate to mark up deleted or inserted material.
  • For striking out material, the [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Italics|Italics]] is a piped link to a section within another page. markup is a less semantic element than The article about [[cardboard sandwiches]] doesn't exist yet..

<nowiki></nowiki>

You can strike out deleted material and underline new material. is also possible.

<nowiki></nowiki>

Alternative markup:

You can strike out deleted material and underline new material.

Notes
The <s> element is listed as deprecated in HTML 4 but is used in HTML 5.


Limiting formatting / escaping wiki markup
A few different kinds of formatting will tell the wiki to display things as you typed them what you see is what you get! .

&<nowiki&> tag:
     

<nowiki> The nowiki tag ignores markup. It reformats text by removing newlines and multiple spaces. It still interprets special characters: &rarr; </nowiki>

<nowiki> tag:

#REDIRECT [[United States]]

&<pre&> tag:
     

<pre>The <pre> tag ignores markup as does the <nowiki> tag. Additionally, <pre> displays in a mono-spaced font, and does not reformat text spaces. It still interprets special characters: &rarr; </pre>

<pre> tag:

The <pre> tag ignores 
     markup as does the <nowiki>
tag. Additionally, <pre> displays
in a mono-spaced font, and does
not  reformat    text    spaces.
It still interprets special
characters: →
Text:
     

Single square brackets holding text are preserved, but single square brackets containing a URL are treated as being an external Web link.

Text:

Single square brackets holding text are preserved, but single square brackets containing a URL are treated as being an external Web link.

Leading space:
     

Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the
beginning of each line
stops the text   from
being reformatted.
It still interprets [[wiki]] ''markup'' and special characters: &rarr;
Leading space:

Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the
beginning of each line
stops the text   from
being reformatted.
It still interprets [[wiki]] ''markup'' and special characters: →
     


Nowiki
In some instances, it is not desirable to parse markup nor to format it using . is a parser tag that causes the included content to not be parsed as wikimarkup, except for HTML entities. It is very useful in documentation to display markup.

(Although in this particular case you'd probably prefer to use Alternative markup: <nowiki></nowiki> to create a link: )

A singular can be used to break wikimarkup.

  • Markup such as , , and only and always take effect at the beginning of a line. A before the markup will cause the characters to not parse as markup.
  • An internal link immediately followed by characters are blended to form a single link. Where this is not desired, add a after the link.

HTML entities

and  parse [[Character encodings in HTML|HTML entities]]. If you want to escape this, replace <nowiki></nowiki> with &.
     

Use in templates

When used in a template, simply does not work as you may expect.

  • Including immediately acts upon the enclosed markup. Attempting to escape or transclude the brackets causes to not work at all.
  • Using works, but has major limitations:
    • Templates, parameters, parser functions, and parser magic such as signatures are parsed, not nowikied.
    • Included tags will expose the .


Pre
is a parser tag that emulates the HTML  tag. It defines preformatted text that is displayed in a fixed-width font and is enclosed in a dashed box. HTML and wiki markups are escaped and spaces and line breaks are preserved, but HTML entities are parsed.
     

formatted text does not wrap, thus text may extend past the browser window:
     

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. 

To resolve this, may use CSS styling to add wrapping or a horizontal scrollbar:

Since this involves quite a bit of markup, the template is useful.


Invisible text (comments)
It's uncommonbut on occasion acceptable for notes to other editorsto add a hidden comment within the text of an article. These comments are only visible when editing or viewing the source of a page. Most comments should go on the appropriate . The format is to surround the hidden text with "&amp;amp;" and "<nowiki></nowiki>" and may cover several lines, e.g.:
#REDIRECT [[United States#History]]
     

Another way to include a comment in the wiki markup uses the template, which can be abbreviated as . This template "expands" to the empty string, generating no html output; it is visible only to people editing the wiki source. Thus operates similarly to the comment <!-- A lengthy comment here-->. The main difference is that the template version can be nested, while attempting to nest HTML comments produces odd results.


Variables
Monday = 1, Tuesday = 2, etc., but Sunday = 0

09
See the [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style]].September
[[September
24
Sunday
2017
04:21
]]0
[[Wiktionary:Hello]]
[[Wiktionary:Hello|]]
Wiki Markup
help
[[Wiktionary:Hello|Wiktionary definition of "Hello"]]
[[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour]]Wikipedia:Sandbox[[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|]]
[[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|bonjour]]
[[Category:Character sets]]query_string[[:Category:Character sets]]
[[:Category:Character sets|]]index[http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia] → full name of namespace

upcScavenger

NUMBEROFARTICLES is the number of pages in the main namespace which contain a link and are not a redirect, in other words number of articles, stubs containing a link, and disambiguation pages.

CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN is the genitive (possessive) grammatical form of the month name, as used in some languages; CURRENTMONTHNAME is the nominative (subject) form, as usually seen in English.

In languages where it makes a difference, you can use constructs like <nowiki></nowiki> to convert a word from the nominative case to some other case. For example, <nowiki></nowiki> means the same as <nowiki></nowiki>.


HTML
Many tags can be used in wiki markup. You can check your HTML by using .

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