Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 38. Chapters: Bulgar language, Monarchs of the Bulgars, Volga Bulgaria, Ahmad ibn Fadlan, Omurtag of Bulgaria, Old Great Bulgaria, Mauros, Krum, Tervel of Bulgaria, Asparukh of Bulgaria, Nominalia of the Bulgarian khans, Kingdom of Balhara, Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria, Mount Imeon, Kubrat, Kuber, Pereshchepina Treasure, Esegel, A l, Kanasubigi, Kormesiy of Bulgaria, Bulgar calendar, Telerig of Bulgaria, Telets of Bulgaria, C f r Tar x, Battle of Samara Bend, Bolghar, Kutrigurs, Sabin of Bulgaria, Kormisosh of Bulgaria, Barsils, Vinekh of Bulgaria, Ascum, Pagan of Bulgaria, Siege of Bil r, Sevar of Bulgaria, Toktu of Bulgaria, Batbayan of Bulgaria, Umor of Bulgaria, Ichirgu-boil, Ernakh, Alcek, Friar Julian, Utigurs, Elteber, Qol Ghali, Ajjar of Bulgaria, Organa, C k taw, Alm, Burtas, Suar, Gostun, Avitohol, Kotrag, Zabergan, Qashan, Qashan Principality, Houdbaad, Ziezi, Shambat, List of Volga Bulgaria kings, ilki. Excerpt: The Bulgars (also Bolgars, Bulghars or Proto-Bulgarians) were people who lived in Eastern Europe during the Early Middle Ages. Their ethnic origins are uncertain, but most scholars posit that they were a Turkic people with some Iranian elements, that migrated to Europe from Central Asia in 4th century. In the 7th century they established two states on the Pontic-Caspian steppe: Great Bulgaria, which spanned between the Caspian Sea and Black Sea, and Volga Bulgaria on the territory that is now part of the Russian Republics of Tatarstan and Chuvashia. Likewise, they imposed themselves in the Balkans as the elite ruling class of the Danube Bulgar Khanate. In each of these regions they were gradually assimilated over a period of centuries by the local ethnic groups, giving rise to several modern peoples claiming descent from them: Volga Tatars (see Bulgarism) and Chuvash, Balkars and Bulgarians. Suppose...