Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan was the first Umayyad caliph (661–680 C . E .). Muawiya's father, Sakhr ibn Harb ibn Umayyah—popularly known as Abu Sufyan —led the Quraysh army against the Prophet in the battles of Uhud and Khandaq.
ISBN bar code 9780028656038 ξ1 registered April 02 2012
ISBN bar code 9780028656038 ξ2 registered April 02 2012
Product category is Book
^ Richard C. Martín (2015
). Encyclopedia of Islam & the Muslim World
, MacMillan Reference Books. ISBN 9780028656038
(revised Sep 2015)